Where necessary, they must be folded to If the dissertation is more than three inches thick, it must be bound in two volumes. The title pages carry volume designations. Each volume must have preliminary pages except that the signature page, preface, abstract, and acknowledgments are not included in the second volume.
Pagination of text pages must be continuous from one volume to the next. In choosing an annotation or reference system, students should be guided by the practice of their various disciplines, and the recommendations of their departments. When a reference system has been selected, it should be used consistently throughout the dissertation. The placement of footnotes is at the discretion of the student with reading committee approval.
An important aspect of modern scholarship is the proper attribution of authorship for joint or group research. If the manuscript includes joint or group research, you must clearly identify your contribution to the enterprise in an introduction.
The inclusion of published papers in a dissertation is the prerogative of the major department. Where published papers or ready-for-publication papers are included, the following criteria must be met:. There must be an introductory chapter that integrates the general theme of the research and the relationship between the chapters. The introduction may also include a review of the literature relevant to the dissertation topic that does not appear in the chapters.
Multiple authorship of a published paper should be addressed by clearly designating, in an introduction, the role that the dissertation author had in the research and production of the published paper. The student must have a major contribution to the research and writing of papers included in the dissertation. Written permission must be obtained for all copyrighted materials; letters must be attached to the Publication Agreement. The submitted material must be in a form that is legible and reproducible as required by these specifications.
The Office of the University Registrar will approve a dissertation that includes published material only if all margins are adequate to allow for proper binding, if typeface is acceptable for legible reproduction by Proquest 10 point or larger, 10 to 12 characters per inch , and if there are no other deviations from the normal specifications which would prevent proper dissemination and utilization of the dissertation. If the published material does not correspond to these standards, it will be necessary for the student to reformat that portion of the dissertation.
Multiple authorship has implications with respect to copyright and public release of the material. Be sure to discuss copyright clearance and embargo options with your co-authors and your advisor well in advance of preparing your thesis for submission. According to the Association of American University Presses, permission is required for quotations that are reproduced as complete units poems, letters, short stories, essays, journal articles, complete chapters or sections of books, maps, charts, graphs, tables, drawings, or other illustrative materials.
If you are in doubt, it is of course safest to obtain permission. Permission to use copyrighted material is obtained from the owner of the copyright. Proquest requires copies of permission letters to be attached to the publication agreement, and assumes no liability for copyright violations. For reference, a s ample permission letter is available.
Copyright protection is automatically in effect from the time the work is in fixed form. A proper copyright notice on all copies, including microfilm copies, will prevent the work from falling into the public domain loss of copyright. Proquest offers a copyright service to authors of doctoral dissertations.
They will, on your behalf, file an application for registration of a copyright on your manuscript if you authorize them to do so on the Publication Agreement form. Registration of copyright is not required, but it establishes a public record of your copyright claim and enables copyright owners to litigate against infringement. You need not register your copyright with the U. Copyright Office at the outset, although registration must be made before the copyright may be enforced by litigation in case of infringement.
Early registration does have certain advantages: it establishes a public record of your copyright claim, and if registration has been made prior to the infringement of your work, or within three months after its publication, qualifies you to be awarded statutory damages and attorney fees in addition to the actual damages and profits available to you as the copyright owner should you ever have to sue because of infringement.
For information on copyright, see the Libraries' Copyright Considerations resource. The Registrar's Office is proud to be part of Student Affairs , which educates students to make meaningful contributions as citizens of a complex world. Skip to content Skip to navigation. Registrar's Office.
Typeface Type size should be 10, 11, or 12 point font. Margins Margins on the binding edge left edge if single-sided; right edge for even numbered pages, and left edge for odd numbered pages if double-sided must be 1. Spacing One and a half or double spacing is required in the main body of the manuscript except where conventional usage calls for single spacing; e.
Word and Text Divisions Words must be divided correctly at the end of a line and may not be divided from one page to the next. Language The dissertation must be in English. Style Select a standard style approved by your department and use it consistently. Reproducing the Dissertation Final copies of the dissertation must be clear and attractive. Order and Content Preliminary Pages a. Preface, an Acknowledment, or a Dedciation f.
Table of Contents, with page references. List of Tables, with titles and page references. List of Illustrations, with titles and page references. Text a. References a. Bibliography or List of References. Pagination Except for the title page, each page of the manuscript, including all blank pages, and pages with photographs, tables, figures, maps, and computer program printouts should be assigned a number.
Important: The following pagination plan should be used: For the preliminary pages, use small Roman numerals i, ii, iii, iv, etc. Landscape For text, illustrations, charts, graphs, etc. Photographs, Maps, and Charts All photographs should be of professional quality. However, you still need a more detailed outline for the large project. Did the research stage lead you in an unexpected direction?
Make sure to include the new points in your outline. To understand how to write a dissertation introduction you need to know that this chapter should include a background of the problem, and a statement of the issue. Then, you'll clarify the purpose of the study, as well as the research question.
Next, you'll need to provide clear definitions of the terms related to the project. You will also expose your assumptions and expectations of the final results. In this chapter of the dissertation, you will review the research process and the most important acknowledgements you've come down to. This part of the dissertation is focused on the way you located the resources and the methods of implementation of the results. If you're writing a qualitative dissertation, you will expose the research questions, setting, participants, data collection, and data analysis processes.
If, on the other hand, you're writing a quantitative dissertation, you will focus this chapter on the research questions and hypotheses, information about the population and sample, instrumentation, collection of data, and analysis of data. This is the most important stage in the whole process of dissertation writing, since it showcases your intellectual capacity. At this point, you'll restate the research questions and you will discuss the results you found, explaining the direction they led you to.
In other words, you'll answer those questions. In the final chapter of the dissertation, you will summarize the study and you'll briefly report the results. Don't forget that you have to explain how your findings make a difference in the academic community and how they are implied in practice.
Explain why you suggest this research and what form it should take. Use the recommended citation style for your field of study, and make sure to include all sources you used during the research and writing stages. You'll need another timeline, but this one will be focused on the writing process. Plan how to complete your dissertation chapter by chapter.
When you have attainable goals, it will be easier for you to write the project without getting overwhelmed by its length and complexity. There is no life-changing advice to give at this point. You just need to stay away from distractions, stick to your timeline, follow the outline, and complete the first draft. You already have what it takes; now you're ready to do the real work. Once you figure out how to write a dissertations, you may think you are done with efforts.
Students assume that editing is an easy step they cover right before they hand out their project. Don't do that. Now that you've completed the first draft of the paper, you can relax. Don't even think about dissertation editing as soon as you finish writing the last sentence.
You need to take some time away from the project, so make sure to leave space of at least few days between the writing and editing stage. When you come back to it, you'll be able to notice most of its flaws. There is a substantial difference between editing and proofreading : editing is focused on the essence, and proofreading is focused on the form of the paper. You need to deal with the essence first, since it would be silly to proofread the dissertation to perfection and then start getting rid of unnecessary parts and adding more details.
Pay attention to the logical connection between each argument. Are there any gaps in information? Fill them in with more details you collected through the research stage. Maybe you got carried away with the explanations at some point? Make sure to reduce the volume of those parts and clarify them as much as possible. The point is not in quantity; it's in quality and clarity.
Finally, it's time to do the final few readings and catch all spelling, grammar, and style errors you made. Read word by word, sentence by sentence, and consult a dictionary or thesaurus if you have any doubts. If you notice that you're struggling through the stages of editing and proofreading, you should know you're not the only one with such problem.
You are too attached to this project and it's difficult for you to see the flaws in it. That's why it's recommended for students to use an proofreading service that will bring their projects to perfection. This is a smart investment that will save you from embarrassment after all that effort and stress you went through.
Start with a friend or colleague who has knowledge in this discipline. You need to trust this person, since the dissertation is your unique intellectual property. Ask about their opinions and suggestions for improvement. Then, discuss the project with your mentor.
The dissertation writing process is a great challenge, which not all students are capable to cope with. You need to keep in mind that you've come this far in your studies, so there is no other way to go but forward. Tackle the project stage by stage, and you'll soon complete the most important paper in your whole educational journey. Don't let anyone make you think that writing a dissertation paper is easy.
It's not. This may be one of the most challenging, lengthy and time-consuming projects you've encountered. On the other hand, you've achieved a lot during your academic journey. This is the tip of the iceberg - the last step that will open the doors to the career you've envisioned.
Use upper-case letters, centered within the margins both vertically and horizontally. There should be no bold type and no pagination on the title page, as shown in the following dissertation title page sample. Note: Date on title page should reflect month and year of submission to the Office of the University Registrar.
There should be no bold type and no pagination on the title page, as shown in the following GSB dissertation title page sample. There should be no bold type and no pagination on the title page, as shown on the following Gradaute School of Education title page sample. Note: Date on titlea page should reflect month and year of submission to the Office of the University Registrar. There should be no bold type and no pagination on the title page, as shown on the following J. D dissertation title page sample.
There should be no bold type and no pagination on the title page, as shown on the following D. A final project page sample. The Registrar's Office is proud to be part of Student Affairs , which educates students to make meaningful contributions as citizens of a complex world. Skip to content Skip to navigation. Registrar's Office. Search form Search. Molly Jocelyn Stewart.
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