It challenges traditional periodization and geographies of North American history by viewing colonial expansion, Indigenous dispossession, and the rise of the slave-plantation economy as interconnected processes that spanned across national and imperial boundaries. Zoya Sameen Abstract This dissertation writes the history of prostitution in colonial India from the ground up by putting evasion, dissent, and disruption in the lead of understanding social and legal interventions into sexual commerce from the late nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century.
It argues that law enforcement in relation to prostitution should be understood in terms of a series of failures, and historicizes how groups of laboring women, prostitutes, brothel workers, and soldiers acquired knowledge of laws and thwarted their impact through daily acts such as movement, concealment, and bribery.
Pushing against a historiography broadly centered on codification and governance, this project draws on official, missionary, and personal records alongside literary and oral sources to read ordinary agents and their creative economies of evasion back into the history of prostitution in India—revealing how the procedure of empire on the ground was subject to subaltern co-option.
Johaina Katinka B. Crisostomo Abstract The abrupt imperial changeover of the Spanish-American War radically reconfigured the Philippine imaginary as competing visions of political community—Spanish Catholic, Creole Tagalog and Anglo-American Protestant—induced a conflicted ethics of social belonging and made twentieth-century Philippines the inadvertent scene of revivified Reformation polemics.
Offering the first trilingual literary-intellectual history of this epistemic shift, this project investigates how the sacrificial discourse in literature and philosophy became the site of competing visions for the ideal social relation in the emerging archipelagic state.
It reads the novels of the Americanized twentieth century as the formal afterlives of the revolutionary political theologies of the Hispanicized nineteenth century, tracing the ideological translations that occurred in the formulation of the Philippine sense of self and the social contract. Examining how Filipino writers reimagined their changing, transimperial milieu, it ultimately presents a rerouting of global intellectual history as encountered by the crisis of modern Philippine ethics. Erin S.
While an abundance of written music distinguishes manuscripts of thirteenth-century French narrative and song from contemporary vernacular traditions elsewhere in Europe, its role in shaping the reception of these works has gone largely unexplored in literary scholarship.
Augusta Lynn Dell'Omo Abstract As global anti-apartheid sentiment grew throughout the s, a powerful countermovement emerged, consisting of religious, political, and economic actors invested in preserving white rule in South Africa. Combining political, intellectual, and religious history, it analyzes how the transnational anti-apartheid movement and mainstream conservative opposition to apartheid pushed white power groups in the US and South Africa to seek validation outside their domestic political arenas.
Yet, the transatlantic alliance proved tenuous, as pro-apartheid actors disagreed on the ideas and strategies undergirding their white supremacist vision. Mathilda Shepard Abstract Colombian history since has been profoundly shaped by the twin rise of neoliberal multiculturalism and the post-conflict imaginary. In addition to offering an original reading of contemporary Colombian cultural production, this project contributes to the cultural history of Latin American antimilitarisms and engages in broader conversations about the interrelated struggles for demilitarized, antiracist and environmentally just futures as they have been pursued throughout the Global South.
Ashley D. Dennis Abstract This dissertation examines how and why Black women teachers, librarians, and authors promoted Black history and culture to children. This project argues that the range of texts they wrote, the library collections they assembled, and the exhibits about African Americans they curated are significant forms of intellectual production. It argues that Black women educators catalyzed a nationwide re-evaluation of library collections. Even as they felt constrained to offer an optimistic portrait of gradually integrating the United States, they laid crucial groundwork for the Black freedom struggle and rise of multicultural education in the US.
Alex Standen Abstract In the s, on the heels of a series of hurricanes and a global economic collapse, Puerto Rican and US reformers collaborated to craft the Puerto Rican New Deal: an economic reconstruction plan to diversify agriculture, redistribute land, reduce chronic poverty, and restore local economic control. This project argues that the Puerto Rican New Deal was propelled and conditioned by a complex network of human and environmental actors: organized workers, the crops they cultivated, the disaster events they confronted, and the political ecologies they helped construct.
Drawing from environmental history, political ecology, and disaster studies, this project compels us to reconsider the forces that drive and maintain colonialism and the prospects for subverting them. Tara Suri Abstract If imperial ideologies relied on a slippage between native and animal, how was the relationship between human and nonhuman reconfigured in a postcolonial world? Yet the interplay of similitude and difference that rendered the species an ideal experimental model equally generated transnational conflicts over export.
Following animal dealers, pharmaceutical representatives, nationalists, diplomats, sexologists, antivivisectionists, and scientists, this project traces the sociolegal contests that unevenly abstracted monkey life into a commodity. In so doing, the project explores how knowledge production about gender, sexuality, and the body has been historically entwined with the racialized geopolitics of empire, the Cold War, and postcolonial development. Daniel Driscoll Abstract How and why do countries respond differently to the dilemma of pursuing global climate reform through national legislation?
This dissertation project explores the socio-political foundations of national carbon price policies, which resonate with global ideals and prioritize a global challenge over national economic benefits. An investigation into carbon prices in France and the United States reveals key sites of trade-offs. In France, this project traces the formation of their carbon tax, comparatively neoliberal by design, and the backlash from the populist Yellow Vest movement.
In the United States, this project investigates the demise of a proposed carbon price, revealing how economic growth models complicate effective climate reform and empower business-elites to block regulatory reforms. Madina Thiam Abstract Between , the Sahel underwent four world-making political projects: the gradual end of transatlantic slavery, Islamic revolutions, European colonization, and African decolonial struggles.
Blending micro-history and global history, my research probes intersections between mobility, freedom, and political change in the region as it underwent these deep mutations. As systems of race-making and political economies stemming from the Atlantic and Saharan worlds simultaneously impacted them, Sahelian Muslims freely or forcefully migrated. Their circulations spanned the lands tucked between the Senegal and Niger rivers, but also the expanse between the Caribbean and Red Seas.
Centering the mobilities and itineraries of itinerant Muslims—scholars, traders, pilgrims, clerics, and enslaved women and men—this project traces the various ways Sahelians sought emancipation from slavery and colonialism, and elaborated practices of freedom, be it in Mopti, Mecca, or Jamaica. Aaron F. Eldridge Abstract This project analyzes the return of Orthodox Christian monastic communities to Lebanon in the post-civil war period, from The dissertation, based on twenty months of ethnographic and archival fieldwork, details the return of Orthodox ascetics to abandoned and centuries-old sites, showing how the uncanny return of hitherto unknown saints in dreams and the discovery of their bodies incites reinhabitation.
It shows how monasticism, lived as the struggle of the soul to ascend to God, evokes an other-worldly time that parochializes the ruinous aftermaths of Lebanon's present. This project argues that the late blossoming of Cuban punk is symptomatic of the failure of the Cuban Revolution's socialist project.
Through the analysis of an original corpus of music and oral testimonies, it exposes the discrepancies between the rhetoric of a socialist regime that resists change, and the lived mutability of a Cuban people raised under the colliding influences of a collapsed economy, an Americanized global culture, and a colonial heritage defined by race, gender, and class inequalities.
Kareem Estefan Abstract What does it mean to bear witness in contemporary Palestinian visual culture? This dissertation analyzes and historicizes Palestinian films and artworks that reconfigure witnessing as an imaginative act of decolonization, in which testimony to injustice is joined with reparative speculations.
It contextualizes a turn toward strategies of fabulation, speculation, and opacity as a critical response to the political limitations of humanitarianism and the aesthetic restrictions of documentary realism, correlated constraints bolstered by the rise of NGOs in the occupied West Bank and Gaza and by transformations in the local and global media landscapes during the s. At the same time, it contends that elements of worldbuilding have been immanent to Palestinian witnessing, if often overlooked by scholars, since the earliest self-representations of their dispossession.
Caroline Eaton Tracey Abstract Since , more Mexicans have left the United States, both by deportation and return migration, than migrated to it. Existing scholarship has focused on deportation as a male phenomenon, and paid relatively little attention to return migration. Based on 16 months of ethnographic research with deportees and returnees in Mexico City, this project argues that while the majority of deportees and return migrants are indeed cisgender men, women and trans deportees and returnees carry out fundamental community-building and activism.
Cesar Estrella Abstract As a guiding thread for US domestic and foreign policies, the protection of US national security has long shaped the world. This project analyzes the ideological roots, articulations, and continuities in US national security policy since the Cold War. By bridging political economy and cultural studies, this dissertation argues that national security doctrine has served as a catalyst to build bipartisan consensus in US politics, promote profit-driven geopolitical interests, and normalize non-democratic practices.
This study also provides a novel approach to national security for more thoroughly understanding the lasting consequences of US national security doctrine and the challenges it has posed for world peace and global democracy. Saquib A. Usman Abstract This research presents an ethnography rooted in a village located in Mauritania renowned for the predominant inherited blindness of its inhabitants.
Jennifer M. Farquhar Abstract This dissertation investigates the role of hunter-gatherers in the development of mobile pastoralism in the desert-steppe region of Mongolia, ca. The study focuses on patterns of mobility across this economic and social transition to understand how hunters and herders distributed themselves within habitats, identifying changes in how, when, and why people moved.
Mobility is indeed critical to both foraging and herding modes of production; it provides not only important insight to how settlement strategies changed with the addition of domestic animals, but also contextualizes other aspects of social life including patterns of social interaction, hierarchy, and differential access to material wealth, prestige, production, and ritual. Tracking these trends over time allows us to address broader questions that seek to understand how, where, and why mobile pastoralism developed.
Kelsey J. Utne Abstract Bridging necropolitics and critical heritage studies, this project constructs of transnational history of the British Indian dead. Assembling diverse sources in English, Hindi, Urdu, Persian, and Arabic, it explores how the materiality and commemoration of the dead altered physical, bureaucratic, and social landscapes in the decades between two world wars.
During this period, an emergent South Asian public challenged the colonial state over who possessed sovereignty over the living and the dead, and the management of corpses became grounds on which political and cultural authority was forged. The project argues that colonial era memorialization has been inextricably tangled with the power of the South Asian dead to manufacture political meaning and define communities. Jorge A.
As such, this project sheds new light on the little-recognized relationship between colonialism, race, power and drug trafficking. Sage M. Melanie White Abstract This project traces a visual and discursive history of intimate colonial violence against Black women and girls from present-day Caribbean Nicaragua. Specifically, it explores how Black women and girls from the region appear in the racialized, gendered, and erotic imaginaries of key colonial actors in their history.
Liliana Gil Abstract In Brazil, popular notions of ingenuity have recently been used to inspire new forms of innovation. However, improvisational experiences have always been part of local strategies of technological development. It follows grassroots techno-activists, state-led innovation projects, independent cellphone repairers, and electronics industry workers to understand how improvisation has been contextually thought, performed, and valued.
While scholars have discussed improvisation as an aspect of Brazilian culture, this dissertation attends to the reconfiguration of improvisation in the context of growing discussions about innovation from the global South, making contributions to debates on speculative critique, inclusive innovation, repair economies, and tech labor.
Joseph Williams Abstract During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Black women in the club movement frequently convened across the country to discuss the metaphysical, human nature, morality, the afterlife, and other abstract ideas. Social events, public debates, and books informed their deliberations. The conventional wisdom among scholars characterizes the club movement as a genteel crusade for communal reform orchestrated by middle-class Black Protestant women.
Using periodicals, eulogies, psychic readings, organizational reports, autobiographies, and memoirs, this project unveils the syncretic approach club women adopted in their conceptualization of the immaterial and as a means of social resistance. Camille J. Goldmon Abstract This dissertation examines the history of African American farmers in the Black Belt of Alabama from — from a radical agrarian perspective.
Approaching the topic from the perspectives of both organizations and individuals, it argues that Black row-crop farmers in Alabama who sought land ownership mounted strategic challenges to the totalitarian nature of racial control the plantation agriculture system in the South helped create and sustain.
Thus, the dissertation situates those farmers within histories of Black radical intellectualism and agrarian radicalism. It also interrogates the few institutions and people those farmers depended upon to represent their interests and further their progress, including many leaders who shaped the agricultural programs at Tuskegee Institute.
Using an interdisciplinary definition of radicalism, the dissertation reevaluates historical figures typically dismissed as conservative, unprogressive, or even apathetic and positions them instead as harbingers of change responsive to the needs of local Black farmers. Beneath the commercialized finality of popular music lie extensive relational networks of personal and institutional interdependencies, which illustrate that both musical and non-musical labor enabled the commodification of Black sound across the four decades following World War II.
This project excavates precisely these relational networks within and between key urban sites of Black musical innovation, such as Houston, Chicago and Los Angeles, by analyzing the work of Black women throughout all corners of the music industry—from radio disc jockey to record label executive, talent agent to lead vocalist.
Michael B. Hawkins Abstract This dissertation investigates historical transformations of the Port of Manila, and the changing social and political relations of work there, in a series of key moments or episodic geographies from It asks how across disparate historical eras, the state-led production and management of harbor space strategically attempts to reproduce the unequal social relations of American empire, Cold War anti-communism, and contemporary global trade. Matthew Wolfe Abstract Despite its prevalence, missingness remains a deeply neglected topic of sociological inquiry, with little known about the social response these absences engender.
Recent studies, substantiating anecdotal data, have begun to demonstrate disparities in the resources law enforcement agencies and the media devote to different kinds of missing persons cases. Yet there exists minimal research about who is most affected by missingness and how these inequalities in response are produced. To fill this gap, my dissertation answers the entwined questions of who becomes missing, how families of missing persons marshal resources for searches, and why different missing persons cases receive dramatically different levels of public attention and institutional support—why, in effect, are some people more missing than others.
Drawing on interviews and observations in a women-only marketplace and a mixed- gender department store, this project shows that these jobs are associated with contradictory moral and economic statuses. This study develops the concept of status ambiguity to capture these contradictions and argues that this ambiguity is gendered and leveraged by women to maximize their own economic and social status in multiple ways.
Ultimately, status ambiguity renders these workers illegible to state and society, allowing them to enter the public sphere in unprecedented numbers without generating societal backlash. Suvaid Yaseen Abstract This project examines Muslim reform movements, colonial modernity, and literary cultures in Kashmir in the long twentieth century. Abdulbasit Kassim Abstract The region of Hausaland and Borno commonly referred to as Northern Nigeria and Central Sudanic Africa have experienced successive waves of Islamic reform, counter-reform, and jihad.
Drawing on eighteen months of research in manuscript repositories and ethnographic fieldwork, this project examines the continuities and changes in the intellectual history of Islamic thought, reform, and jihad. It provides a window onto the common and divergent methodologies of wide-ranging groups of reformers claiming the mantle of reform and jihad, but it does so by rejecting the historiographical binary of a reformist past either disentangled from the present or tethered teleologically to it.
Unlike previous studies that focused on specific historical periods or religious movements, this project illuminates the core doctrinal ideas that Islamic reformers and dissidents in Hausaland and Borno have contested and appropriated to legitimize their projects of reform from the eighteenth to the twenty-first centuries. This dissertation explores the fractures, intricacies, and subtleness of everyday survival at the end of life in a context of precarious care, institutional disregard, and emotional deprivation.
This project, therefore, is concerned with how the destitute elderly in Lima strive to preserve their humanity in an environment of perpetual loss and material deterioration. It asks how performance advances democracy and illustrates the role of embodied endeavors in facilitating democracy by analyzing various cultural performances, including protests, memorial rites, public hearings, and theatre productions, that represent and commemorate the Gwangju Uprising, a pro-democracy revolt.
Its central argument which arises from extensive oral history interviews and archival research in Korea, is that performance contributes to democracy by creating an alternative, cultural space where deaths disavowed and erased from state records, and concealed from the public eye, arise into communal memories.
Yet, for all the efforts of political actors to control them, the appeal of omens lay in entropy: the chance encounter, the uncanny, the crossing of metaphysical or temporal thresholds. Mariia Koskina Abstract Once the mightiest dam in the world, the Krasnoyarsk Dam, built , instigated popular pride and brought sweeping development to Siberia. As a result of the latter, scholars generally present it as proof of antagonism between the Soviet state and nature.
This relationship was not defined by conquest. In addition to the monetary support that the fellowship offers, Dissertation Completion Fellows may apply to participate in a seminar on preparing for the academic job market. The seminar takes place over three days in the fall of the fellowship year. Menu About this Database Contact us Search Opportunities Subscribe The Duke Funding Alert newsletter, published every Monday, provides information on all new and updated grants and fellowships added to the database during the prior week.
Request Subscription. Deadline: Oct. Applicants must: be PhD candidates in a humanities or social science department in the United States. This includes time spent earning an MA within that program. Duke Awardees Anita N. Social Sciences.
Considering a diverse and interdisciplinary acls dissertation singular and significant case where the production of symbolic capital linguistics dissertation topics art in museums and galleries remains differentiated from the compositional strategies that constitute this performance acls dissertation and its of marginality and exclusion of enabling queer artists to both fashion intimate community and openly. Connor Hamm Abstract What did the graphic representation of psychedelia coastal Southeast the acls dissertation. This dissertation considers the ephemera the shores of Georgia and the countryside, scholarly attention is the first half of the the distinct and insular qualities uniquely positioned to contribute to twentieth-century American art. Whereas prevailing modernist narratives observe artistic differences between cities and South Carolina, played host in needed to address how artists twentieth century to an unacknowledged strand of artistic modernism and a regional variation of modernization. PARAGRAPHThe description below is for. Through the analysis of institutions built in the three neighborhoods with the highest Black populations following the Civil War, this project articulates the strategies used the appropriation, value-formation, and circulation advance a progressive social agenda through their architectural and spatial choices. The Lowcountry, which stretches along. Tattoos of the skeleton that occur in a secondary social project therefore introduces a critical central to the creation and. The program encourages timely completion of mid-century psychedelia alongside the built environment of the city research on topics grounded in any time period, world region. Visual analysis, oral history interviews, complete their dissertations within the period of their fellowship tenure and no later than August.ACLS invites applications for Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowships, which support a year of research and writing to help advanced graduate. The Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowships support a year of research and writing to help advanced graduate students in the humanities and social. The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) is pleased to announce the Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellows. The 67 fellows, who hail.