Here you need to define and explain each theory you draw upon and, in doing so, discuss the leading proponents and applications. This shows that you understand the theory you are going to adopt. You then need to spend time critically arguing why you are adopting this particular theory. There are a lot of potential theories you could use.
Why this one? Importantly, you should relate your choice to the discussions in the literature review and your aims and objectives. Which one are you siding with and why? A theory contains a number of concepts. Which will you be drawing upon? Why these ones? Have you defined them properly? The way you approach this section will be influenced by your epistemological and ontological perspective and, thus, whether you use hypotheses or not. If you are using hypotheses, you need to state them as such.
How do the concepts relate to your aims and objectives? Have you clearly stated your ontological and epistemological perspective? Are you the first to use this particular theory in this particular way? What benefits or drawbacks does that bring? Can you spot any drawbacks with applying this theory? Does it fail to account for a particular dimension of a phenomenon? Is it difficult to operationalize?
How are your concepts related? Are you using them as hypotheses? Or as a model to make sense of the data? Somewhere in between? Be explicit about how they are all related and what you plan on doing with them. The goal of writing up a theoretical framework is to tell the reader why you have chosen particular theories, how they relate to the gap in the literature, and how they relate to your aims and objectives.
Following these ten steps is a good way of achieving that goal. You are likely to be moulding and interpreting the theory to suit your purposes, which requires you to discuss your take on the theory. Try not to fill your theoretical framework discussion with quotes though the same is true of your literature review. The examiners want to see that you have understood the theory, not that you are capable of regurgitating it.
A short but necessary note on ontology and epistemology Everybody hates ontology and epistemology, but this stuff is important, so stay with me for just one minute. There will be differences in how you approach theory and how your toolbox is used. This is because of differing ontological and epistemological positions. Those from the more realist end of the spectrum e. In this tradition, concepts are seen as variables and are tested using quantitative measurement.
Those from the more idealist end of the spectrum e. Much like the lenses of a pair of glasses. In this tradition, the concepts are there to make sense of the world by focusing your attention on a particular aspect of reality.
There is no hypotheses to be proved or disproved, only an interpretation. What interpretation you take depends on the tools in your toolbox. Each tool does one job. The same is true of concepts. In either case, theories are meant to be tested and challenged. They are fluid and change over time in light of new evidence and new empirical application. If you are explicitly testing new or old theory, this is obvious. But even if you are using theory to interpret the world, you will still have something to say about the relevance of particular theories and concepts.
Whilst it might not seem like it, this is a test of the theory and does advance our knowledge. How do I choose theories and create my framework? There are generally three strategies that researchers use to develop their theoretical frameworks: There may be theories in your field that have arisen on the basis of repeated observation and testing and which are widely accepted.
Or, you might find that you need to select concepts from multiple theories and create a novel framework that is unique to your particular context. A growing and important trend in social research is to adopt an interdisciplinary perspective when trying to understand the social world. This can be achieved by looking beyond the dominant, well-established theories and thinking about how other theories, particularly those from other disciplines or sub-disciplines, can be used. In any case, you must consider the following when selecting a theory: Identify your ontological and epistemological beliefs.
List several theories that align with your epistemological position and which can aid your understanding of the phenomenon under investigation. Engage in literature review around those theories, both to familiarise yourself with them but also to understand their relevance to your study. Select the theory or theories that provide more relevant tools for your thesis. I have more than one theory. What do I do? However, you need to consider a few key questions : Are the theories you are bringing together epistemologically compatible?
What downsides are there to employing more than one theory? Has anyone else used this combination of theories before you? Conclusion The theoretical framework is a tricky section to write, largely because the choice available to you is huge. But keep that toolbox metaphor in mind. This is not a normal blog subscription. Share this:. Like this: Like Loading Kamara on May 12, at pm. A great read. Quite some insight into my Phd journey. The conceptual framework? Max Lempriere on May 13, at am.
Glad you found it useful. You having trouble with your conceptual framework? Thanks Loading Max Lempriere on March 6, at pm. Al on May 17, at pm. I came across your posts while helping my wife with her work I finished my PhD two years ago , and I keep thinking…hmmm the pain I went through to learn this… thank you for making it so easy for others… Loading Max Lempriere on May 20, at am. Yvonne on June 24, at am. Let me see how mine goes Loading Max Lempriere on May 29, at pm.
Carolyne on July 21, at pm. Max Lempriere on July 22, at am. Hi Carolyne, Thanks for your email. Walter on September 15, at am. Max Lempriere on February 11, at am. Lindiwe Mpindiwa on February 10, at pm. Max Lempriere on June 24, at am. This means I have answered the question in the introductory chapter Loading Max Lempriere on February 13, at am. Max Lempriere on March 3, at am. Hi Sevda, Thanks for your kind words.
Naheed Akhtar on March 16, at pm. Could you possibly help please? Thank you, Loading Max Lempriere on March 18, at am. Esther on March 26, at pm. Max Lempriere on March 31, at am. I wish you the best of luck. Kourteney on April 1, at pm. Thank you and all the best in these uncertain times. Max Lempriere on April 2, at am. Good luck with the rest of the thesis. Seva on April 9, at am. Many Thanks Loading Max Lempriere on April 9, at am.
Macdonald Muyabalo on May 13, at pm. This is a very helpful article. Max Lempriere on May 14, at am. Glad you enjoyed it! Grace Magama on May 13, at pm. Thanks for the kind words and for your feedback. Pauline McGonagle on May 18, at am.
Max Lempriere on May 19, at am. Thanks to you and to Rebecca Baker! Jackson Isiko on July 1, at am. I found this post very helpful, thanks for sharing Loading Max Lempriere on July 13, at pm. Thanks for reading! Roshni Louis Alphanso on November 7, at am.
Max Lempriere on November 12, at pm. Thanks for the kind words Roshni. Ntele on March 17, at pm. Kam on February 27, at pm. I hope it helped deepen your understanding. Channel Zhou on March 27, at pm. Ehikioya Hilary Osolase on May 4, at am.
Interesting and excellent read. Answer: The theoretical framework is a structure that supports the theory that explains why the research problem you are studying exists. Related reading: How to make an effective theoretical and conceptual framework of a research study? Is theoretical framework indispensable in scholarly research like thesis and dissertation?
Answered by Editage Insights on 22 Jul, Resources for authors and journals. Upvote this Answer Comment. Answer this question. Ask a new question. This content belongs to the Conducting Research Stage Conducting research is the first and most exciting step in a researcher's journey. No Yes. Show comments. Follow this Question. Recent Searches Review paper Responding to reviewer comments Predatory publishers Scope and delimitations Open access Plagiarism in research Journal selection tips Editor assigned Types of articles "Reject and Resubmit" status Decision in process Conflict of interest.
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|Dissertation theoretical framework||The theoretical framework must demonstrate an understanding of theories and concepts that are relevant to the topic of your research paper and that relate to the broader areas of knowledge being considered. Theoretical frameworks. Scribbr Plagiarism Checker. The theoretical framework strengthens the study in the following ways : An explicit statement of theoretical assumptions permits the reader to evaluate them critically. This is a must read before drafting the chapter.|
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|Sociology dissertations||Glossary in a Dissertation theoretical framework A list of glossary in a dissertation contains all the terms that were used in your dissertation but the meanings of which may not be obvious to the readers. You are likely to produce a first-class dissertation if the theoretical framework is appropriate and well-thought-out. You need to determine why your chosen topic matters and who considers it to be important, explain the potential value of your project and how it will add to existing knowledge, describe why readers should care about it, etc. If you need expert guidance to structure, plan or write your theory framework you can get in touch for a one-on-one coaching session. Esther on March 26, at pm.|
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|Styles of writing essays||Review key social science theories that are introduced to you dissertation theoretical framework your course readings and choose the theory that can best explain the relationships between the key variables in your study [note the Writing Tip on this page]. These articles are likely to tackle your topic through your theoretical lens, or will point you toward another article that does. The same is true of concepts. Theoretical framework. Typically the lit review comes first, then the theory.|
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