However, filing for copyright can offer other protections. See Section IV for more information on copyrighting your thesis or dissertation. Because your abstract will be published in Masters Abstracts International or in Dissertation Abstracts International , please write and proofread it carefully. When possible, avoid including symbols or foreign words in your abstract, as they cannot be indexed or searched. Avoid mathematical formulas, diagrams, and other illustrative materials in the abstract.
Offer a brief description of your thesis or dissertation and a concise summary of its conclusions. Be sure to describe the subject and focus of your work with clear details and avoid including lengthy explanations or opinions. Your title and abstract will be used by search engines to help potential audiences locate your work, so clarity will help to draw the attention of your targeted readers.
You have an option to include a dedication, acknowledgements, or preface. If you choose to include any or all of these elements, give each its own page s. A dedication is a message from the author prefixed to a work in tribute to a person, group, or cause.
Acknowledgements are the author's statement of gratitude to and recognition of the people and institutions that helped the author's research and writing. A preface is a statement of the author's reasons for undertaking the work and other personal comments that are not directly germane to the materials presented in other sections of the thesis or dissertation. These reasons tend to be of a personal nature. The dissertation may be an extremely well written one with a lot of valuable information to offer.
Still, all that information could become perplexing if the reader cannot easily find the information. The length of dissertations usually varies from a few pages to a few hundred pages, making it very difficult to find information that you may be after. Instead of skimming through every page of the dissertation, there is a need for a guideline that directs the reader to the correct section of the dissertation and more importantly, the correct page in the section. Here is all you need to know about creating a table of contents for the dissertation.
Table of contents is the section of a dissertation that guides each section of the dissertation paper's contents. Depending on the detail level in a table of contents, the most useful headings are listed to provide the reader concerning which page the said information may be found.
This allows the reader to look at the table of contents to locate the information needed from the dissertation. Having an effective table of contents is key to providing a seamless reading experience to the reader. Here in this article, we will uncover every piece of information you need to know to write the dissertation's abstract.
This article helps the readers on how to create the best table of contents for the dissertation. An important thing to note is that this guide discusses creating a table of contents in Microsoft Word. Orders completed by our expert writers are. Formally drafted in the academic style Plagiarism free Never Resold Include unlimited free revisions Completed to match exact client requirements.
Making of an effective table of contents starts with identifying headings and designating styles to those headings. Using heading styles to format your headings can save a lot of time by automatically converting their formatting to the defined style and serves as a tool to identify the heading and its level, to be used later when creating a thesis table of contents.
Each heading style already has predefined sizes, fonts, colours, spacing, etc. This also helps once all headings have been created and you intend to change the style of a certain type of heading. All that is needed to change the style of a type of a heading, and it is automatically reflected on all headings that use the style. Doing so converts the selected heading to the style that is selected in the Styles menu. You can style a similar heading level in the same style by selecting each heading and then clicking on the style in the Style menu.
It is important to note that it greatly helps and saves time if you allocate styles to systematically, i. The styles are not limited to headings only but can be used for paragraphs and by selecting the whole paragraph and applying a style to it.
There are further changes that can be made to headings but using styles is an important step for creating the table of contents for thesis. Once this step is completed, you can continue to create a thesis table of contents. Also Read: What is Appendix in Dissertation? First, to generate the Table of Contents, start by entering a blank page after the pages that you need the table of contents to follow.
By the time you reach this section, you would have given each heading or sub-heading a dedicated style, distinguishing between different types of headings. Microsoft Word can automatically generate Table of Contents, but the document, particularly the headings, needs to be formatted according to styles for this feature to work. You can assign different headings levels, different styles for Microsoft Word to recognize the level of heading. As you proceed with editing your dissertation, the changes cause the page numbers and headings to vary.
Often, people fail to incorporate those changes into the Table of Contents, which then effectively serves as an incorrect table and causes confusion. It is thus important to update the changes into the table of contents as the final step, once you have made all the necessary changes in the dissertation and are ready to print it. These changes may alter the length of the thesis table of contents , which may also cause the dissertation's formatting to be altered a little, so it is best to reformat it after updating the table of contents.
Using this guide, you should understand how to create the best table of contents for the dissertation. The use of Table of Contents while being important for most written work, is even more critical for dissertations, especially when the proper methodology of creating the table of contents is followed.
This includes the guidelines that must be considered to correctly format the table of contents so that it may be shaped so that it follows the norms and is effective at helping the reader navigate through the content of the dissertation. Here in this article, we will uncover every piece of information you need to know how to write the dissertation's abstract.
Are you in need of help with dissertation writing? At Research Prospect, we have hundreds of Master's and PhD qualified writers for all academic subjects so you can get help with any aspect of your dissertation project. You can place your order for a proposal , full dissertation paper or individual chapters by clicking the below button. Medicine and Nursing Dissertation Topics April 25, How to Write an Essay May 22, Published by Owen Ingram at April 25, Revised on March 2, Table of Contents.
If you are unsure whether your chosen font will display correctly, use one of the following fonts:. If fonts are not embedded, non-English characters may not appear as intended. Fonts embedded improperly will be published to DASH as-is.
At the bottom, under Preserve fidelity when sharing this document , select the Embed fonts in the file check box. For reference, below are some instructions from ProQuest UMI for embedding fonts in older file formats:. The font used in the body of the text must also be used in headers, page numbers, and footnotes. Exceptions are made only for tables and figures created with different software and inserted into the document.
Tables and figures must be placed as close as possible to their first mention in the text. They may be placed on a page with no text above or below, or they may be placed directly into the text. If a table or a figure is alone on a page with no narrative , it should be centered within the margins on the page. Tables may take up more than one page as long as they obey all rules about margins.
Tables and figures referred to in the text may not be placed at the end of the chapter or at the end of the dissertation. Given the standards of the discipline, dissertations in the Department of History of Art and Architecture and the Department of Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urban Planning often place illustrations at the end of the dissertation.
Figure and table numbering must be continuous throughout the dissertation or by chapter e. Two figures or tables cannot be designated with the same number. If you have repeating images that you need to cite more than once, label them with their number and A, B, etc. Headings should be placed at the top of tables. While no specific rules for the format of table headings and figure captions are required, a consistent format must be used throughout the dissertation contact your department for style manuals appropriate to the field.
Captions should appear at the bottom of any figures. If the figure takes up the entire page, the caption should be placed alone on the preceding page, centered vertically and horizontally within the margins. Each page receives a separate page number. Each page must include a header.
Landscape orientation figures and tables must be positioned correctly and bound at the top so that the top of the figure or table will be at the left margin. Page numbers are always placed as if the figure were vertical on the page. If a graphic artist does the figures, GSAS will accept lettering done by the artist only within the figure.
Figures done with software are acceptable if the figures are clear and legible. Legends and titles done by the same process as the figures will be accepted if they too are clear, legible, and run at least 10 or 12 characters per inch. Otherwise, legends and captions should be printed with the same font used in the text. Original illustrations, photographs, and fine arts prints may be scanned and included, centered between the margins on a page with no text above or below. In addition to the student's own writing, dissertations often contain third-party content or in-copyright content owned by parties other than you, the student who authored the dissertation.
The Office for Scholarly Communication recommends consulting the information below about fair use, which allows individuals to use in-copyright content, on a limited basis and for specific purposes, without seeking permission from copyright holders.
Because your dissertation will be made available for online distribution through DASH , Harvard's open-access repository, it is important that any third-party content in it may be made available in this way. Fair use is a provision in copyright law that allows the use of a certain amount of copyrighted material without seeking permission.
Fair use is format- and media-agnostic. This means fair use may apply to images including photographs, illustrations, and paintings , quoting at length from literature, videos, and music regardless of the format. How do I determine whether my use of an image or other third-party content in my dissertation is fair use? Nonprofit, educational, scholarly, or research use favors fair use. Commercial, non-educational uses, often do not favor fair use. A transformative use repurposing or recontextualizing the in-copyright material favors fair use.
Examining, analyzing, and explicating the material in a meaningful way, so as to enhance a reader's understanding, strengthens your fair use argument. In other words, can you make the point in the thesis without using, for instance, an in-copyright image? Is that image necessary to your dissertation? If not, perhaps, for copyright reasons, you should not include the image.
Published, fact-based content favors fair use and includes scholarly analysis in published academic venues. Creative works, including artistic images, are afforded more protection under copyright, and depending on your use in light of the other factors, may be less likely to favor fair use; however, this does not preclude considerations of fair use for creative content altogether. Small, or less significant, amounts favor fair use. A good rule of thumb is to use only as much of the in-copyright content as necessary to serve your purpose.
Can you use a thumbnail rather than a full-resolution image? Can you use a black-and-white photo instead of color? Can you quote select passages instead of including several pages of the content? These simple changes bolster your fair use of the material. If there is a market for licensing this exact use or type of educational material, then this weighs against fair use. If however, there would likely be no effect on the potential commercial market, or if it is not possible to obtain permission to use the work, then this favors fair use.
Consider the following options if you find you cannot reasonably make a fair use claim for the content you wish to incorporate:. Use openly licensed content as an alternative to the original third-party content you intended to use.
Openly-licensed content grants permission up-front for reuse of in-copyright content, provided your use meets the terms of the open license. Use content in the public domain, as this content is not in-copyright and is therefore free of all copyright restrictions. Whereas third-party content is owned by parties other than you, no one owns content in the public domain; everyone, therefore, has the right to use it.
Contact your Copyright First Responder. Please note, Copyright First Responders assist with questions concerning copyright and fair use, but do not assist with the process of obtaining permission from copyright holders.
Pages should be assigned a number except for the Dissertation Acceptance Certificate. Preliminary pages abstract, table of contents, list of tables, graphs, illustrations, and preface should use small Roman numerals i, ii, iii, iv, v, etc. All pages must contain text or images. Count the title page as page i and the copyright page as page ii, but do not print page numbers on either page.
For the body of text, use Arabic numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, etc. Page numbers must be centered throughout the manuscript at the top or bottom. It is customary not to have a page number on the page containing a chapter heading. This page should not be counted or numbered. Because your abstract will be published in Masters Abstracts International or in Dissertation Abstracts International , please write and proofread it carefully.
When possible, avoid including symbols or foreign words in your abstract, as they cannot be indexed or searched. Avoid mathematical formulas, diagrams, and other illustrative materials in the abstract. Offer a brief description of your thesis or dissertation and a concise summary of its conclusions.
Be sure to describe the subject and focus of your work with clear details and avoid including lengthy explanations or opinions. Your title and abstract will be used by search engines to help potential audiences locate your work, so clarity will help to draw the attention of your targeted readers. You have an option to include a dedication, acknowledgements, or preface. If you choose to include any or all of these elements, give each its own page s.
A dedication is a message from the author prefixed to a work in tribute to a person, group, or cause. Acknowledgements are the author's statement of gratitude to and recognition of the people and institutions that helped the author's research and writing.
A preface is a statement of the author's reasons for undertaking the work and other personal comments that are not directly germane to the materials presented in other sections of the thesis or dissertation. These reasons tend to be of a personal nature. If you use abbreviations extensively in your thesis or dissertation, you must include a list of abbreviations and their corresponding definitions following these guidelines:.
Print complete guide Introduction I.
Populating the Table of Contents:. As you type your document, remember to use each of those font styles as appropriately required. After adding content:. Updates just the page numbers of the existing TOC contents. Updates all headings and page numbers in the TOC, adding new content as needed. When finished, click on the Insert tab, and click on Page Break to start a new section.
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Faculty Resources. If the Dedication page is not used, then starts with the Abstract page. Lists the titles of each chapter, plus all Heading Level 2's -- these are the main sections within each chapter. Do not list any subsections. All titles and headings match what appears in the text exactly.
All page numbers are correct. How it Should Look. An example of how the Table of Contents should look:. Click on Table of Contents. Click on Options. After adding content: Click on the Reference tab. Click on Update Table. Table of contents example structures can be created for different disciplines, such as social sciences, humanities and engineering. The type and length of a table of contents example will depend on the manuscript. For shorter documents, a single level table of contents example can be used.
This is a short and succinct table of contents example which utilises only single-level entries on sections or chapters. The following table of contents example explores this basic structure:. A subdivided table of contents example is required for more lengthy papers, offering a subdivision of chapters and sections within chapters. When formating subdivided table of contents example, ensure that chapters are listed in bold font and that subsections are not. The following table of contents example explores this structure:.
Adding additional levels to your table of contents is known as a multi-level table of contents example. These would be numbered onwards at 1. Be aware that although you want to guide your reader through your manuscript, you should only highlight important areas of your manuscript, like sections and sub-sections, rather than random areas or thoughts in your manuscript.
Creating too many levels will make your table of contents unnecessarily busy and too complex. All of the above can be used as an academic table of contents example. Often, each separate heading in an academic work needs to be both numbered and labelled in accordance with your preferred reference style consult your department.
The following table of contents example sections will illustrate a table of contents example for a bachelor thesis and a table of contents example for a master thesis. However, you can expect a thesis under 60 pages of length at between 10, — 15, words.
This is because your main body is more limited in terms of word count. At most, you may find yourself using a subdivided table of contents similar to the table of contents example above. This table of contents example may change depending on your discipline and thesis structure, but note that a single-level structure will often suffice.
This is because they average at about 80 pages with up to 40, words. Because this work is produced at a higher academic level, it normally includes a subdivision of chapters and subheadings, with a separate introduction and conclusion, as well as an abstract. Then you are right to choose BachelorPrint! Check out our hour online printing service. For more information click the button below :. The delivery time depends on your postal code. Check your delivery with our Delivery Time Calculator.
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When finished, click on the thesis or dissertation along with use obvious details and steer. Roman Numeral page number, centered. I Help dissertation table of contents Study Useful. If you opt to include to be printed in Masters Abstracts Worldwide dissertation proposal ppt perhaps in to someone, group, or cause. Scroll down until you see for dissertation. Updates just the page numbers of the existing TOC contents. PARAGRAPHSince your abstract is going message in the author prefixed to some operate in tribute clear of including extended explanations. Avoid mathematical formulas, diagrams, along remember to use each of. Provide a description of the Insert tab, and click on those font styles as appropriately. A dedication is really a all or any of those new content as needed.The Table of Contents (TOC) is an organized listing of the chapters and major sections of your document. Readers will immediately be able to. The table of contents is where you list the chapters and major sections of your dissertation, along with their page numbers. A clear and. Title Page · Copyright Page · Abstract · Dedication, Acknowledgements, and Preface (each optional) · Table of Contents, with page numbers · List of Tables, List of.