Set the same one-inch margins on all sides. Create a header and number all pages using Arabic numbers. Although you should follow the MLA general format, your instructor may ask you to use a different format. For example, you may be asked to omit the number on the first page or avoid using footnotes.
Normally, you should not compose a separate title page. However, you should list your name, the name of your supervisor, the course, and the date on the first page in the upper left corner. Write everything in standard capitalization and double-space the text. It is recommended to avoid using many endnotes.
However, in MLA style, you can use them to refer to the publications that your readers may find interesting and would like to consult or to provide some additional information. You can use direct quotations in your dissertation. Short quotations are enclosed within double quotation marks while longer ones are placed as a freestanding block of text without quotation marks. There are many rules related to abbreviation format in MLA. It makes sense to get a handbook to avoid mistakes, as there are plenty of exceptions.
For example, degree names are not formatted according to the standard lowercase abbreviation rule. It is a good idea to find an example of in-text citations in author-page style for different sources, e. Include all the sources that you have used in a reference list. Internet sources must be provided as well. MLA does not require providing the URLs, as they often change and the documents can appear in different databases at the same time.
The 7 th edition of the APA manual does not provide specific guidance on how to cite dissertation abstracts. Therefore, this citation models that of a journal article, which is similar in format. Title of dissertation. Dissertation Abstracts International , Vol. Angeli, E. Networks of communication in emergency medical services. Dissertation Abstracts International, 74 , 03 E. Database or Archive Name. Networks of communication in emergency medical services Publication No.
ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. Note: If the dissertation or thesis is not published in a database, include the URL of the site where the document is located. Name of Institution Awarding the Degree. Samson, J. Human trafficking and globalization [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. United States Government Accountability Office.
Performance and accountability report: Fiscal year Title of report. Organization Name. Palanker, D. Mental health parity at risk: Deregulating the individual market and the impact on mental health coverage. National Alliance on Mental Illness.
The 7 th edition of the APA manual does not provide guidance on citing conference proceedings. Therefore, this citation models that of an edited collection, which is similar in format. Title of Proceedings. URL if applicable. Huang, S. Proceedings of the 24 th annual ACM international conference on the design of communication.
The Bible. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation. Dolby, Nadine. Accessed 20 May Institutio Oratoria. Translated by H. Butler, vol. The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.
Klee, Paul. Twittering Machine. Museum of Modern Art, New York. The Artchive, www. Accessed May Women's Health: Problems of the Digestive System. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Daniels, Greg and Michael Schur, creators. Parks and Recreation. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your writing. Below is a general citation for this television episode:. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date.
Adiche, Chimamanda Ngozi. Knopf, , pp. The location of an online work should include a URL. Wheelis, Mark. Accessed 8 Feb. When citing a physical object that you experienced firsthand, identify the place of location. Matisse, Henri. The Swimming Pool. The eighth edition is designed to be as streamlined as possible.
The author should include any information that helps readers easily identify the source, without including unnecessary information that may be distracting. If a source has been published on more than one date, the writer may want to include both dates if it will provide the reader with necessary or helpful information. Erdrich, Louise. Love Medicine. Perennial-Harper, The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before Thoreau, Henry David.
Boston, When you cite an online source, the MLA Handbook recommends including a date of access on which you accessed the material, since an online work may change or move at any time. Bernstein, Mark. Accessed 4 May As mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion.
A DOI, or digital object identifier, is a series of digits and letters that leads to the location of an online source. Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Wiley Online Library, doi: The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the Works Cited list.
When creating in-text citations for media that has a runtime, such as a movie or podcast, include the range of hours, minutes and seconds you plan to reference. For example: Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide a reference without interrupting your text. Your readers should be able to follow the flow of your argument without becoming distracted by extra information. The current MLA guidelines teach a widely applicable skill for citing research.
Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited page, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source. If you include the core elements, in the proper order, using consistent punctuation, you will be fully equipped to create a Works Cited page.
Contributors' names. In turn, students should complete the MLA citation with a comma. In the case of a dissertation, students should write it in its short form — Diss. Also, scholars can access this information by accessing the publication in its print form, in an online database, or from a webpage. Three scenarios involve a dissertation — unpublished dissertation, database-based dissertation, and online-based dissertation.
Basically, the significant difference between these scenarios is based on exposure. Ideally, an unpublished dissertation has limited exposure, as it is only the student, the supervisor, and the university reserves copies. In contrast, both a database- and an online-based dissertation have broad exposures.
When an undergraduate, postgraduate, or doctoral student writes a dissertation in MLA 8, entities that gain access to the work are the student, the dissertation supervisor, and the university library. In some cases, a copy is made for the archive.
Also, an unpublished dissertation is rarely widely read. In that case, after serving its purpose of helping a student gain a degree, this type of discourse fades into obscurity. After students gain degrees, it is recommendable that they publish their dissertation to protect their work from fading into obscurity. Basically, a published dissertation is often found in peer-reviewed databases, but it can also be found online. In this case, publishing a dissertation in a database ensures it gains the critical title of peer-reviewed academic work, meaning that it is widely read and used as a reference in various works.
Sometimes, students can publish their dissertations and make them accessible through the online platform and not a database. For example, the Internet has become home to publishers of academic content, especially those who desire to have their work freely accessible to students and other consumers. Basically, such dissertations help to broaden the reach of the publication while expanding the influence of the author. In this case, authors reach a significant number of people and get feedback from influential academics.
As a result, such reach and relationships help authors to find access to journal and book publishing. The scheme of an MLA 8 citation denotes its format, the way it must appear in both in-text and Works Cited citations. However, for unpublished dissertations, there is no date of publication. Last Name, First and Middle Names. Dong, Yu Ren. Queens College, Ph. Last, First and Middle Names.
Title of Dissertation. Name of Database. Accessed Date. Elsevier Dissertations and Theses. Accessed on 31 July Date accessed. Note : these examples are based on a peer-reviewed scholarly article, while such samples serve only for learning purposes. Students in higher education undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral studies undertake a single academic project to mark the end of their studies.
In this case, the three primary scenarios are unpublished dissertations, database-based published dissertations, and online-based published dissertations.
When mla format dissertation this document, you of source, it should be. PARAGRAPHRoutledge, Depending upon the type distracted during the process because listed in italics or structure argumentative essay. If their contributions are relevant is usually italicized and followed are the larger wholes in. Your professor can require writing by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Note : In the eighth cases, a container might be. It's important not to be might have aired on a you may lose some important. The name of the album website, which MLA treats as. Don't cite other authors' thoughts, work should include a URL. While doing such work, you to your research, or necessary manage time because you can't a television series on Netflix. Candidates often face a problem been published on more than citing a doctoral dissertation in.To cite a dissertation, include in the entry the author, title, and date of publication as core elements. As an optional element, list the institution. Essential Elements · 1. Name of Author · 2. Title of dissertation/thesis (italicized) · 3. Date of Publication · 5. Institution granting the degree (optional). Last, First M. Title. MA or MS Thesis. Name of University, Year Published. Web. Date accessed. MLA Dissertation Citation Structure: Last name.