If you have used a lot of highly specialized terms that will not be familiar to your reader, it might be a good idea to include a glossary. List the terms alphabetically and explain each term with a brief description or definition. The introduction should:. Everything in the introduction should be clear, engaging, and relevant to your research.
By the end, the reader should understand the what , why and how of your research. If you need more help, read our guide on how to write a dissertation introduction. Before you start on your research, you should have conducted a literature review to gain a thorough understanding of the academic work that already exists on your topic. This means:. For example, it might aim to show how your research:. The literature review often becomes the basis for a theoretical framework , in which you define and analyze the key theories, concepts and models that frame your research.
In this section you can answer descriptive research questions about the relationship between concepts or variables. The methodology chapter or section describes how you conducted your research, allowing your reader to assess its validity. You should generally include:. Your aim in the methodology is to accurately report what you did, as well as convincing the reader that this was the best approach to answering your research questions or objectives.
Next, you report the results of your research. You can structure this section around sub-questions, hypotheses, or themes. In some disciplines, the results section is strictly separated from the discussion, while in others the two are combined.
For example, in qualitative methods like ethnography , the presentation of the data will often be woven together with discussion and analysis. However, in quantitative and experimental research, the results should be presented separately before you discuss their meaning:. Additional data including raw numbers, full questionnaires, or interview transcripts can be included as an appendix. The discussion is where you explore the meaning and implications of your results in relation to your research questions.
Here you should interpret the results in detail, discussing whether they met your expectations and how well they fit with the framework that you built in earlier chapters. If any of the results were unexpected, offer explanations for why this might be. The discussion should refer back to relevant sources to show how your results fit with existing knowledge. The dissertation conclusion should concisely answer the main research question, leaving the reader with a clear understanding of your central argument and emphasizing what your research has contributed.
In some academic conventions, the conclusion refers to a short section that comes before the discussion: first you directly state your overall conclusions, then you discuss and interpret their meaning. In other contexts, however, the conclusion refers to the final chapter, where you wrap up your dissertation with a final reflection on what you found.
This type of conclusion often also includes recommendations for future research or practice. What have you added to what was already known? You must include full details of all sources that you have cited in a reference list sometimes also called a works cited list or bibliography. Each style has strict and specific requirements for how to format your sources in the reference list.
To save time creating the reference list and make sure your citations are correctly and consistently formatted, you can use the Scribbr Citation Generator. Your dissertation itself should contain only essential information that directly contributes to answering your research question.
Documents you have used that do not fit into the main body of your dissertation such as interview transcripts, survey questions or tables with full figures can be added as appendices. Making sure all the sections are in the right place is only the first step to a well-written dissertation. Leave plenty of time for editing and proofreading. Grammar mistakes and sloppy formatting errors can drag down the quality of your hard work.
You should plan to write and revise several drafts of your thesis or dissertation before focusing on language mistakes , typos and inconsistencies. My title page includes all information required by my university. I have included acknowledgements thanking those who helped me. My abstract provides a concise summary of the dissertation, giving the reader a clear idea of my key findings or arguments.
I have created a table of contents to help the reader navigate my dissertation. The table of contents includes all chapter titles, but excludes the title page, acknowledgements, and abstract. My introduction leads into my topic in an engaging way and shows the relevance of my research.
My introduction clearly defines the focus of my research, stating my research questions and objectives. I have reviewed the most important literature to show the current state of knowledge on my topic. My literature review does not just summarize but engages critically with sources, evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of existing research. My literature review shows how my dissertation addresses a gap or contributes something new to existing research.
I have clearly outlined the theoretical framework of my research, explaining the theories and models that support my approach. I have thoroughly described my methodology , explaining how I collected and analyzed data. I have concisely and objectively reported all relevant results. Business sites or articles- every kind of source needs to be mentioned here. The sources have to be authenticated ones else they would not be valued. This will include any kind of statistical data that you have used or given as a reference in the literature review part.
It may consist of graphs or charts or significant data of various organisations or institutions. PenMyPaper has some of the most knowledgeable experts from the field of academic writing. They are popular for drafting brilliant dissertation papers, meeting all the requirements and even submitting papers that come with strict deadlines. Every kind of academic writing involves a logical and an organised dissertation structure and format to be followed. The same goes for writing and understanding in what is a dissertation.
A general format of a dissertation is as follows:. With the professional aid by the team of PenMyPaper, you can get many efficient research paper examples which make your understanding of what is a dissertation much more transparent. A dissertation needs to be an academic document of very high quality as it is a significant part of your semester examinations both at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels.
This will help you to achieve the degree seamlessly and effectively. The following things can prove to be the good qualities that will lead on to a good dissertation paper:. The presence of a clear and transparent thesis statement and well organised hypothesis are a sign of a well-built research paper. The tone of the entire work is being set by it and helps you to guide the way to conduct the research methods and towards the approach of your research paper.
The thesis statement must be neither too narrow nor too broad which would make it focus on a single idea and the entire research process remains manageable. This clarifies the various initial notions about what is a dissertation. Your thesis statement or the hypothesis will not be a successful one if you are not able to provide substail ideas along with valid evidence to prove your claims.
The citation must be taken from credible and reputable places such as academic or government sources. These citations must be used for bolstering the arguments so that the readers get convinced that you have a strong position on the dissertation topic. If a logical and well-organised structure is missing from your paper, then even with the best ideas and arguments in hand you would not be able to convince the readers and reach out to them. Always keep in consideration, the perspective of the readers as well- how are they going to perceive and view your work.
An idea or an argument can appear transparent to you, but if it does not seem transparent to the readers then the entire work can be a failure and seem to be illogical. Your command of the academic form of English writing will be portrayed through your choice of sentence structure and vocabulary. A brilliant writing presented in a clear and concise manner will let the various ideas flow smoothly and effectively and this will make the dissertation more appealing to the readers.
This is also the reason why you need to draft an initial draft, make the necessary changes in it and then write down the final draft. This will ensure that you write the final draft diligently by presenting the ideas well and attracting the readers as well. This may not appeal to you as any big challenge, but due to smaller mistakes in punctuation, spelling and grammar can cost you a lot. These may be quite distracting for the readers and with such errors, the dissertation becomes difficult to be read and understood by the readers.
Such errors indicate that you were procrastinating with the project and did wait till the last minute or you are yet to master the art of great academic form of writing. Without knowing how to omit errors, you can never learn what is a dissertation paper in the apt manner. Drafting the entire dissertation all by yourself can be a great challenge as well as a risk.
Conducting the entire research process and then analysing and interpreting those data for finding out proper answers to the research questions can turn out to be tedious at times. To ease out your difficulty, the team of PenMyPaper is always to aid you out and get advanced ideas on dissertation writing. They have a lot of knowledge in this field and are experts in drafting various kinds of dissertations. Hire our expert writers for unmatched paper quality.
Be assured of plagiarism free paper, delivered to you right on time. An Outstanding Commemorative Speeches Example. Defining What Is A Dissertation An extended piece of academic writing which are generally ten to twenty thousand words in length on a particular given or selected topic.
The Various Important Elements Of A Dissertation A dissertation is divided into various parts to make the entire subject of the research paper clear and transparent to the readers and also to give the research paper a logical structure. The most significant parts of a dissertation are: The Title This is the most crucial aspect of a dissertation. The Introduction The general things that you should include in the introductory part of the research paper are: Aims and objectives of the research paper The context of the research paper Detailed explanation of any significant term used Acknowledgement of any kind of exclusions or limitation of the research paper Description or shape of the structure of the dissertation Literature review This is the section where you need to present your various ideas and arguments related to the research paper topic and prove them with proper evidence to support them.
Research Methodology This is where you will answer the various research questions. Data Analysis This is the section where you state out the findings of the research methods and the interpretations of those retrieved data. Conclusion Sum up how well the questions were answered through the research.