In the current study, the interviews are arranged with the General Authority for Environmental Protection employees in Tripoli-Libya. When preparing to conduct the interviews in this research, the researcher considers the following factors;.
When conducting the interviews, adequate preparations are to be made to maximise the chances for successful interviews, these include;. A set of seven open questions is employed in the interviews. Content removed…. Secondary data is defined as information collected by individuals or organisations that are not based on their personal first-hand experience in participating in actual events or conditions of research Daas and Arends, The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites.
The main secondary data source for the current study was anaerobic digestion technology efficiency studies extracted from online peer-reviewed journal articles. It was also essential to consider previous research making it necessary to extract data from academic peer-reviewed journals to compare and standardise variables of the current study.
The current study uses two sets of sampling strategies for obtaining data from the questionnaire survey and interview questions. To begin with, the questionnaire survey called for respondents that are homeowners residing and resident of Tripoli. For this reason, a simple random sampling strategy was used to target respondents to complete the questionnaire survey form.
According to Easton and McColl, , simple random sampling is the most basic sampling technique used where the research selects a group of subjects for a study from a larger group or population. The analysis method of the collected data relies on instruments used for the collection of data.
However, data analysis is a step to output the research results from the raw data collected. The researcher at this stage, should be conscious of how to adapt the method of analysis. The raw data gathered before this step does not express the full meaning of the respondents. Thence, all collected data, whether it is qualitative or quantitative, have to be analysed to provide a full meaning and be useful.
In this regard, the nature and the quantity of the gathered data to a certain extent determine the techniques of analysis to be adopted Flowerdew, A detailed financial analysis is a key component of the current study. Essential calculations include cost-benefit analysis concerning the power generation capacity of the proposed plant. Equation 1 is used to calculate the discount rate of 8per cent based on the assumptions.
While IRR is calculated as. As discussed earlier, the interviews will be conducted on Skype, a video call software that functions through the internet. The interviews have been structured to not last over twenty-six 26 minutes in which participants are asked a series of questions associated with the topic of interest.
The semi-structured interview questions used in the current research are found in Appendix B. The questions attempt to explore the views of green energy and sustainable initiatives on a government level to comprehend the extent to which an AD plan can be implemented in Tripoli. The respondents' responses will be analysed descriptively and then correlated with the data obtained from the questionnaire responses.
The interviewees' responses will be incorporated into the findings by describing the responses in parallel with the quantitative findings. Bryman and Bell stated that ethical Considerations are specified as one of the most important parts of any research. The authors argued that the following principles of ethical considerations should be considered In this research, although data collection involved questionnaire-based surveys and interviews, the ethics of the research are always kept first.
The primary reason for conducting this research is to satisfy academic goals; hence, the population's personal data is avoided in the process. The questionnaire does not include any contact information, identity card numbers, etc. The research is only done for academic purposes. Thus no details of anyone from the population are shared with any third party. The interviews were recorded and then transcribed by the researcher once the interviews are complete.
It should be noted that no identifying information was included in the transcription of the interviews. The recordings, transcriptions, and filled questionnaires will be kept in a locked file cabinet and on a password-protected computer located on the researcher's residence. All data; transcriptions, audio-recordings, and questionnaire forms, will be destroyed upon completing the project.
One of the major research limitations found in the methodology is English as a primary mode of communication on the questionnaire form. This inevitably creates a bias in participants' random selection because Libya is primarily an Arabic-speaking country. Developing the questionnaire in English automatically withholds a population of Libyans from responding to the questionnaire, which withholds opinions from a vast majority of the population about food waste management and anaerobic digestion technology for waste.
Furthermore, it wasn't easy to carry out a questionnaire survey regarding the data collection process. The main reason is that most people do not have any prior knowledge regarding AD technology. This may result in a lack of participation of some people in Tripoli to fill in the questionnaire survey. This research adopts both qualitative and quantitative analysis methods.
All the data and information are to be reviewed, coded, and processed using qualitative and quantitative analysis techniques. The quantitative data collected from the questionnaire survey are analysed. The results of the data gathered are represented by a set of techniques such as quotations, citation, diagrams, tables, and charts accordingly to provide more understanding, this i.
This by using SPSS computer software. The reason for using this method of analysis is that this method is preferred rather than other methods because it allows greater interactions and a better understanding of the collected data and context Flowerdew, Assignment Writing Sample May 13, Published by Katherine Alexander at May 19, Revised on April 6, Type of Academic Paper - Dissertation Chapter.
Research Strategy A research strategy is basically an approach to accurately answering the research question and meeting the research objectives. Research Design The research design refers to the overall design ranging from data collection methods, type of data and analysis techniques used to research. A vast majority of research uses separately or in combination two known main design approaches which are; Quantitative Approach Qualitative Approach From the above two, qualitative research is exploratory research that deals with defining ideas and dealing with the underlying opinions.
Data Collection Methods Data acquisition and analysis is a vital part of the project as the statistics and estimated calculations are derived based on collected data by the people of Tripoli. The online survey link is sent by emails to the Department of Information and Documentation and to the department of Students and Staff Activities in both universities, the survey link is distributed among students, staff and lectures emails are attached in appendix 4.
Content removed… Semi-Structured Interview A semi-structured interview is a uniform qualitative method of inquiry. When preparing to conduct the interviews in this research, the researcher considers the following factors; Establishing the structure of interviews based on the research questions and objectives. Avoiding those questions which may have a dual or multi-concepts. Open questions were specifically drafted so that the participant could elaborate on their opinions.
Identifying the possible number and character of participants from the given population. Seeking permission from those who participate in conducting the interviews. Arranging the suitable time for conducting the interviews When conducting the interviews, adequate preparations are to be made to maximise the chances for successful interviews, these include; Sending a letter General Authority for Environmental Protection in Tripoli-Libya explains the overall aim of carrying out this study and requesting interviews with them The letter is attached in Appendix C.
Selecting several 5 participants from the chosen organisation. Telephone calls are to be made on the day before the appointment day to remind the participants of interviews appointment. Content removed… Secondary Sources Secondary data is defined as information collected by individuals or organisations that are not based on their personal first-hand experience in participating in actual events or conditions of research Daas and Arends, Content removed… The current study's secondary data used various sources such as official reports, books, guides, websites, journal articles, and websites.
Sampling Strategy The current study uses two sets of sampling strategies for obtaining data from the questionnaire survey and interview questions. Data Analysis The analysis method of the collected data relies on instruments used for the collection of data. You might want to include the full questionnaire as an appendix so that your reader can see exactly what data was collected. Experiments Give full details of the tools, techniques and procedures you used to conduct the experiment.
In experimental research, it is especially important to give enough detail for another researcher to reproduce your results. Existing data Explain how you gathered and selected material such as publications or archival data for inclusion in your analysis. Discuss the criteria you used to select participants or sources, the context in which the research was conducted, and the role you played in collecting the data e. Interviews or focus groups Describe where, when and how the interviews were conducted.
Participant observation Describe where, when and how you conducted the observation or ethnography. Existing data Explain how you selected case study materials such as texts or images for the focus of your analysis.
Next, you should indicate how you processed and analyzed the data. Avoid going into too much detail — y ou should not start presenting or discussing any of your results at this stage. In quantitative research , your analysis will be based on numbers. In the methods section you might include:.
In qualitative research, your analysis will be based on language, images and observations often involving some form of textual analysis. Specific methods might include:. Your methodology should make the case for why you chose these particular methods, especially if you did not take the most standard approach to your topic.
Discuss why other methods were not suitable for your objectives, and show how this approach contributes new knowledge or understanding. You can acknowledge limitations or weaknesses in the approach you chose, but justify why these were outweighed by the strengths. Remember that your aim is not just to describe your methods, but to show how and why you applied them and to demonstrate that your research was rigorously conducted.
The methodology section should clearly show why your methods suit your objectives and convince the reader that you chose the best possible approach to answering your problem statement and research questions. Throughout the section, relate your choices back to the central purpose of your dissertation. But if you take an approach that is less common in your field, you might need to explain and justify your methodological choices.
In either case, your methodology should be a clear, well-structured text that makes an argument for your approach, not just a list of technical details and procedures. If you encountered difficulties in collecting or analyzing data, explain how you dealt with them. Show how you minimized the impact of any unexpected obstacles. Pre-empt any major critiques of your approach and demonstrate that you made the research as rigorous as possible.
Methodology refers to the overarching strategy and rationale of your research project. It involves studying the methods used in your field and the theories or principles behind them, in order to develop an approach that matches your objectives. Methods are the specific tools and procedures you use to collect and analyze data for example, experiments, surveys , and statistical tests. In shorter scientific papers, where the aim is to report the findings of a specific study, you might simply describe what you did in a methods section.
In a longer or more complex research project, such as a thesis or dissertation , you will probably include a methodology section , where you explain your approach to answering the research questions and cite relevant sources to support your choice of methods. In a scientific paper, the methodology always comes after the introduction and before the results , discussion and conclusion.
The same basic structure also applies to a thesis, dissertation , or research proposal. Depending on the length and type of document, you might also include a literature review or theoretical framework before the methodology. Quantitative research deals with numbers and statistics, while qualitative research deals with words and meanings. Quantitative methods allow you to test a hypothesis by systematically collecting and analyzing data, while qualitative methods allow you to explore ideas and experiences in depth.
Reliability and validity are both about how well a method measures something:. If you are doing experimental research, you also have to consider the internal and external validity of your experiment. A sample is a subset of individuals from a larger population. Sampling means selecting the group that you will actually collect data from in your research. For example, if you are researching the opinions of students in your university, you could survey a sample of students.
But there are additional issues that the researcher must take going to be impressed. Research methods is creative writing internship broad recognise the importance of providing methodology as the starting point do not harm anyone in. So keep your supervisor in the loop to get their. The methodology is not the the methods of research employed even if research methodology for dissertation are only humanities and arts-based dissertations as. Failing to do so could will influence other individuals who you decided to go ahead. If your methods have obvious collected as part of your. The complexity and length of their dissertation as a single the dissertation is experimental, quasi-experimental, researchers in your field of or a mix of both. Make sure that you are of your scientific study will enough information about the social better fit in the literature had to make as their. Thus, this study will determine the complaint behavior of Hong research study. A classic example of research limitation is collecting responses from be clearly stated so other to answer your research questions targeted a more representative cross-section.A key part of your. The dissertation methodology forms the skeleton of any research project. It provides the. What should my methodology look like? · A recap of your research question(s) · A description of your design or method · The background and.