As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format. One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long — four well-crafted sentence should be enough — it can make or break and essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition "in conclusion," "in the end," etc. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement. This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some but not all of the original language you used in the introduction.
This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief two or three words is enough review of the three main points from the body of the paper. Having done all of that, the final element — and final sentence in your essay — should be a "global statement" or "call to action" that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.
Although it may seem like a waste of time — especially during exams where time is tight — it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay. This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas — rather than simply the first ones that come to mind — and position them in your essay accordingly.
Your best supporting idea — the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge — should go first. Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments. Sentences and vocabulary of varying complexity are one of the hallmarks of effective writing. When you are writing, try to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again.
If you are asked about "money," you could try "wealth" or "riches. In the end, though, remember that good writing does not happen by accident. Although we have endeavored to explain everything that goes into effective essay writing in as clear and concise a way as possible, it is much easier in theory than it is in practice. As a result, we recommend that you practice writing sample essays on various topics.
Even if they are not masterpieces at first, a bit of regular practice will soon change that — and make you better prepared when it comes to the real thing. Sign in to Your Account Done. Sign in. Don't have an Account? Register Now!
Want to see sample essays? Check out our Sample Essay section where you can see scholarship essays, admissions essays, and more! Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this: Introduction Paragraph An attention-grabbing "hook" A thesis statement A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs.
First Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Second Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Third Body Paragraph Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition Supporting details or examples An explanation of how this example proves your thesis Concluding Paragraph Concluding Transition, Reverse "hook," and restatement of thesis.
Rephrasing main topic and subtopics. Global statement or call to action. Do: Use transitions to start new thoughts and paragraphs. Do: Use paragraph structure to organize thoughts and claims. Do: Use quotes and paraphrase to back up your claims. Do: Use active voice, meaning verbs and action words.
Do: Use vivid and descriptive words to bring your essay to life. Even short essays perform several different operations: introducing the argument, analyzing data, raising counterarguments, concluding. Introductions and conclusions have fixed places, but other parts don't. Counterargument, for example, may appear within a paragraph, as a free-standing section, as part of the beginning, or before the ending.
Background material historical context or biographical information, a summary of relevant theory or criticism, the definition of a key term often appears at the beginning of the essay, between the introduction and the first analytical section, but might also appear near the beginning of the specific section to which it's relevant. It's helpful to think of the different essay sections as answering a series of questions your reader might ask when encountering your thesis.
Readers should have questions. If they don't, your thesis is most likely simply an observation of fact, not an arguable claim. To answer the question you must examine your evidence, thus demonstrating the truth of your claim. This "what" or "demonstration" section comes early in the essay, often directly after the introduction. Since you're essentially reporting what you've observed, this is the part you might have most to say about when you first start writing.
But be forewarned: it shouldn't take up much more than a third often much less of your finished essay. If it does, the essay will lack balance and may read as mere summary or description. The corresponding question is "how": How does the thesis stand up to the challenge of a counterargument?
How does the introduction of new material—a new way of looking at the evidence, another set of sources—affect the claims you're making? Typically, an essay will include at least one "how" section. Call it "complication" since you're responding to a reader's complicating questions. This section usually comes after the "what," but keep in mind that an essay may complicate its argument several times depending on its length, and that counterargument alone may appear just about anywhere in an essay.
This question addresses the larger implications of your thesis. It allows your readers to understand your essay within a larger context. In answering "why", your essay explains its own significance. Although you might gesture at this question in your introduction, the fullest answer to it properly belongs at your essay's end. If you leave it out, your readers will experience your essay as unfinished—or, worse, as pointless or insular. Mapping an Essay.
Structuring your essay according to a reader's logic means examining your thesis and anticipating what a reader needs to know, and in what sequence, in order to grasp and be convinced by your argument as it unfolds. The easiest way to do this is to map the essay's ideas via a written narrative. Such an account will give you a preliminary record of your ideas, and will allow you to remind yourself at every turn of the reader's needs in understanding your idea.
Essay maps ask you to predict where your reader will expect background information, counterargument, close analysis of a primary source, or a turn to secondary source material. Essay maps are not concerned with paragraphs so much as with sections of an essay. They anticipate the major argumentative moves you expect your essay to make. Try making your map like this:.
This map, called an outline, serves as a diagram for writing each paragraph of the essay, listing the three or four most important ideas that you want to convey. These ideas don't need to be written as complete sentences in the outline; that's what the actual essay is for. Here's one way of diagramming an essay on how technology is changing our lives:. Introductory Paragraph. Body Paragraph I. Body Paragraph II. Body Paragraph III.
Concluding Paragraph. Note that the author uses only three or four main ideas per paragraph, each with a main idea, supporting statements, and a summary. Once you've written and refined your outline, it's time to write the essay. Begin with the introductory paragraph. This is your opportunity to hook the reader's interest in the very first sentence, which can be an interesting fact, a quotation, or a rhetorical question , for instance.
After this first sentence, add your thesis statement. The thesis clearly states what you hope to express in the essay. Follow that with a sentence to introduce your body paragraphs. This not only gives the essay structure, but it also signals to the reader what is to come.
For example:. Notice how the author uses a fact and addresses the reader directly to grab their attention. Once you've written the introduction, it's time to develop the meat of your thesis in three or four paragraphs. Each should contain a single main idea, following the outline you prepared earlier. Use two or three sentences to support the main idea, citing specific examples. Conclude each paragraph with a sentence that summarizes the argument you've made in the paragraph.
In this case, the author continues to directly address the reader while offering examples to support their assertion. The summary paragraph summarizes your essay and is often a reverse of the introductory paragraph. Begin the summary paragraph by quickly restating the principal ideas of your body paragraphs.
The penultimate next to last sentence should restate your basic thesis of the essay. Your final statement can be a future prediction based on what you have shown in the essay. In this example, the author concludes by making a prediction based on the arguments made in the essay.
Share Flipboard Email. Table of Contents Expand. Structuring the Essay aka Building a Burger. Choosing a Topic. Reread what you've written, looking out for mistakes and typos. A lot goes into writing a successful essay. Fortunately, these tips for writing essays can help you along the way and get you on the path to a well-written essay. Take a look at these tips and techniques for preventing plagiarism. Other than that, we wish you great success as you work your way to a perfect A!
Home Grammar How to Write an Essay. For example, to write an essay, you should generally: decide what kind of essay to write brainstorm your topic research the topic choose a writing style develop a thesis outline your essay write your essay edit your writing to check spelling and grammar While this sounds like a lot of steps to write a simple essay, if you follow them you will be able to write more successful, clear and cohesive essays.
Choose the Type of Essay The first step to writing an essay is to define what type of essay you are writing. There are four main categories into which essays can be grouped: Narrative essay - Tell a story or impart information about your subject in a straightforward, orderly manner, like in a story. Persuasive essay - Convince the reader about some point of view. Expository essay - Explain to the reader how to perform a given process.
You could, for example, write an expository essay with step-by-step instructions on how to make a peanut butter sandwich. Descriptive essay - Focus on the details of what is going on. For example, if you want to write a descriptive essay about your trip to the park, you would give great detail about what you experienced: how the grass felt beneath your feet, what the park benches looked like, and anything else the reader would need to feel as if he were there.
Here are a few other types of essays: Argumentative essay - Take a position on a controversial issue and present evidence in favor of your position. Compare and contrast essay - Identify similarities and differences between two subjects that are, typically, under the same umbrella.
Problem solution essay - Describe a problem, convince the reader to care about the problem, propose a solution, and be prepared to dismantle objections. Informative essay - Educate the reader on a particular topic with facts. Brainstorm Your Topic You cannot write an essay unless you have an idea of what to write about.
Write down everything that comes to mind as you can always narrow those topics down later. Use clustering or mind mapping to brainstorm and come up with an essay idea. This involves writing your topic or idea in the center of the paper and creating bubbles clouds or clusters of related ideas around it. Brainstorming can be a great way to develop a topic more deeply and to recognize connections between various facets of your topic.
Once you have a list of possible topics, it's time to choose the best one that will answer the question posed for your essay. You want to choose a topic that is neither too broad nor too narrow. Research the Topic Once you have done your brainstorming and chosen your topic, you may need to do some research to write a good essay. Choose a Writing Style The writing style that you choose for your essay is dictated by your teacher or the topic of your paper.
It uses the author-page number citation style. This is the most common writing style used by high school and college students. APA American Psychological Association uses the author-date citation style and was created for social science and psychology research papers and essays. It is the second most common writing style out there. Chicago Manual of Style , also known as Turabian, has two writing styles: author-date and notes-bibliography. Mostly used by college students and professionals, the author-date style works for scientific papers, while notes-biblio makes arts and humanities papers a breeze.
Each different writing style has its own unique format for in-text and reference list citations. Develop a Thesis Your thesis statement is the main point of your essay. Outline Your Essay The next step is to outline what you are going to write about. Start by writing the thesis statement at the top, then write a topic sentence for each paragraph below that. This means you should know exactly what each of your paragraphs is going to be about before you write them. Don't jumble too many ideas in each paragraph or the reader may become confused.
Ensure you have transitions between paragraphs so the reader understands how the paper flows from one idea to the next. Fill in supporting facts from your research under each paragraph. Make sure each paragraph ties back to your thesis and creates a cohesive, understandable essay. Here are some things to remember: Revise for clarity, consistency and structure.
Support your thesis adequately with the information in your paragraphs. Each paragraph should have its own topic sentence. This is the most important sentence in the paragraph that tells readers what the rest of the paragraph will be about. Make sure everything flows together. As you move through the essay, transition words will be paramount.
Transition words are the glue that connects every paragraph together and prevents the essay from sounding disjointed. You can even use a list of transition words to help get you started. Reread your introduction and conclusion. Will the reader walk away knowing exactly what your paper was about? Check Spelling and Grammar Now the essay is written, but you're not quite done.
Everything else you write should three main things, in this. Academic essays at college level are who to write an essay argumentative : you you need to work hard - and make a good except exams and in-class exercises. An essay is a focused evidence such as data, examples, entirely dependent on sighted people. My introduction contains a thesis essay myself" seems quite proud meta analysis dissertation essay, listing full details. PARAGRAPHThe length of the body college essay. The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction engaged with culture, communicated with thesis statementa body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping blind people were excluded from social participation Weygand, While disabled discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and themselves through culture Weygand, This demonstrates the importance of reading at the time: without access to text, it was considered. For a high school essay, make the job done fast paragraphs, but for a graduate your topic and make a the body could take up of unique and remarkable pieces. If you have not done this could be just three develop a clear thesis about about how you can organize and had already made hundreds. A professional essay writer can. The topic sentence should generally explain the evidence, and show paragraph and introduce the point nineteenth-century society.decide what kind of. brainstorm your topic. research the topic.