You shouldn't need to include any more information than the main arguments or facts that you presented in your paper. The purpose of summarizing the key points is to remind the reader of the importance of the research topic.
Here's an example to help illustrate how to do this:. This increase in pollution has contributed to massive decreases in marine life, fish die-off, increased respiratory illness in neighborhood populations and has contributed to the shortage of clean drinking water. After discussing the main points of your argument, you can present the significance of these points. For instance, after stating the main points you made in your argument, you might discuss how the impacts of your topic affect a specific outcome.
Likewise, you might present the results of studies or other findings that can help add emphasis to how you present the significance of your information. In the future, the EPA hopes this research will lead to a decrease in the pollutant concentration in our freshwater systems. As you finish up your conclusion, you might create a call to action or pose an idea that gets your readers thinking further about your argument. You might also use this sentence to address any questions that were left unanswered in the body paragraphs of your paper.
More research and innovation are needed to maintain our clean water while still supporting the agricultural needs of our economy. Here are some helpful tips to keep in mind when you write your research paper conclusion:. You can also experiment with other conclusion styles, however, using the summarizing format can help you be certain that you are including each element as it relates to your paper.
The following examples help illustrate what an effective research paper conclusion looks like and what an ineffective and disorganized conclusion looks like. The examples can help you outline and form your conclusion. An effective conclusion will contain all five elements of summing up your research paper.
The increase in water pollution since has contributed to the decrease in aquatic wildlife as well as the increase in unsafe drinking water. With the growth of sugar farming, more and more pollutants are entering our freshwater supplies. Ecologists and marine biologists are continuing to measure the water quality, and researchers are continuing to find ways to combat the pollution run-off from commercial farms.
If we cannot combat the ill effects that commercial farming has on our clean water, our freshwater ecosystems and drinking water supplies will surely diminish. In this example, some elements are missing and the thesis statement is not clear. Here is what a disorganized and ineffective conclusion might look like:. Drinking water becomes unsanitary and unsafe with pollution. If we do not fix the state of our freshwater systems, our health can suffer. Researchers are still trying to help, but they have not resolved the issue of the water pollution.
As citizens, it is our responsibility to help keep our waters clean and avoid polluting rivers, lakes and oceans. While it is possible to tell from this conclusion that the topic may have been water pollution, there is no clear statement of the topic. Additionally, it is difficult to tell whether the first sentence is even a thesis statement. When you write your conclusion, consider the type of conclusion you are writing, and include each element that is appropriate for your conclusion type.
By following each step, you can format and write an effective and impactful concluding paragraph for your research paper. Skip to main content Indeed Home. Find jobs Company reviews Find salaries. Upload your resume. Sign in. Find jobs. Company reviews. Find salaries. Create your resume. Help Center. Career Development. Why is it important to write a conclusion for your research paper? Types of conclusions for research papers. Summarizing conclusion. Externalizing conclusion. Editorial conclusion.
How to write a conclusion for your research paper. Restate your research topic. Restate the thesis. Keep in mind that results do not speak for themselves, so if you do not describe them in words, the reader may perceive the findings differently from you. In summary, the general steps for writing the Results section of a research article are:.
Try to improve the rhythm to move the reader along, use transitions and connectors between different sections and paragraphs, and dedicate time to revise your writing. The Results section should be written in the past tense. Although writing in the passive voice may be tempting, the use of the active voice makes the action much more visualizable.
The passive voice weakens the power of language and increases the number of words needed to say the same thing, so we recommend using the active voice as much as possible. Another tip to make your language visualizable and reduce sentence length is the use of verbal phrases instead of long nouns. Writing a scientific article is not an individual work. Take advantage of your co-authors by making them check the Results section and adding their comments and suggestions.
Not only that, but an external opinion will help you to identify misinterpretations or errors. Ask a colleague that is not directly involved in the work to review your Results and then try to evaluate what your colleague did or did not understand. If needed, seek additional help from a qualified expert. Several mistakes frequently occur when you write the Results section of a research paper. Here we have collected a few examples:.
In summary, the Results section is the nucleus of your paper that justifies your claims. Take time to adequately organize it and prepare understandable figures and tables to convey your message to the reader. Good writing!
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