Address all the nuances and subtleties you glossed over in the first draft. Pay attention to both word choice and clarity, as well as sophisticated writing techniques like avoiding the passive voice. Grammarly helps catch common mistakes with sentence structure—like run-on sentences, sentence fragments, passive voice, and more.
Go through your essay and correct misspellings, formatting issues, or grammatical errors. Essay structure almost always follows a simple beginning-middle-end format, or in this case, an introduction-body-conclusion format. Essays follow the same guidelines for introductions as any other piece of writing, with an extra emphasis on presenting the thesis prominently, ideally in the topic sentence.
By the end of your introduction paragraph, your reader should know without a doubt what your essay is about. From there, follow the conventional best practices on how to write an introduction. The majority of your essay is body paragraphs, all of which support your thesis and present evidence.
Pay close attention to how you organize your body paragraphs. Some arguments benefit from a logical progression, where one point leads to a second, and that second point leads to a third. Serious writers can get pretty technical about how to organize an argumentative essay. There are three approaches in particular used often: Aristotlian classical , Rogerian , and Toulmin.
However, these can get exceedingly complicated, so for a simple essay, a basic structure will do just fine:. If you get the chance, you can add a new perspective or context for understanding your thesis, but in general the conclusion should not present any new evidence or supporting data. For more specific tips, read about how to write a conclusion for an essay here. The five-paragraph essay structure works well in a pinch. This contains:. While this essay structure might not be flexible enough for more advanced topics, it comes in handy when speed is a factor, like during timed tests.
Especially for school essays, your reader will scrutinize how well you handle the fundamentals. Knowing about essay structure and the writing process is one thing, but can you demonstrate an understanding of language style? Can you develop your thesis logically and coherently?
Are your references and citations trustworthy? The tips there pick up where this guide leaves off. All too often we miss the forest for the trees, and thinking long and hard on the same topic can give you tunnel vision. For when your writing needs to make the right impact, Grammarly Premium offers full-sentence rewrites for confusing sentences—from splitting long sentences, cutting extra words, or rearranging key phrases—in addition to catching common grammar mistakes.
It also gives you readability-focused formatting suggestions, so you know your writing is clear. It also helps those who are looking to improve their writing skill level in English, with suggestions for commonly misused words and phrases. Honing your writing with these elements in mind is key to relaying your point to your reader—and asserting your thesis as effectively as possible.
Real-time suggestions, wherever you write. Give your essays extra polish. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. Your understanding of, and knowledge about, the work in question is key to the success of this type of essay. Process essay : A how-to guide in essay form.
Argumentative essay : This type of essay is similar in many ways to the persuasive essay. The big difference is that, rather than merely trying to convince the reader to agree with your thesis, you must also argue against any differing viewpoints or opinions about the thesis. Hard evidence and facts are indispensable. Analytical essay : Like an expository essay, this type of essay explains a particular topic to the reader. However, instead of stopping there, an analytical essay continues by analyzing the merits of the topic objectively and in-depth.
When it comes to ice cream and essays alike, presentation is key. Just as ice cream can be served in a cone, a bowl, or something unexpected like an ice cream cake, essays can be presented to the reader in one of three contexts:. Are you a student? Then the academic essay presentation is for you. Academic essays are served to teachers and occasionally classmates. Best flavors: Expository essay Definition essay Compare and contrast essay Cause and effect essay Critical essay Analytical essay.
You thought your essay-writing days were over when you accepted your diploma? Depending on your job, you could find yourself writing just as many essays as you did when you were a student. Professional essays are served to readers via corporate communications vehicles like company newsletters, industry white papers and opinion pieces; professional blogs and social media sites; magazines and newspapers; and job-seeking documents like cover letters and college admissions essays.
The level of formality and rigidity of structure can vary, depending on the flavor of essay and the audience. However, in general, a less hierarchical and more sophisticated structure is desirable; an elegant and capacious bowl rather than a stiff and spindly cone, if you will.
Throw on a couple toppings to liven up the tone if you want, but not so many as to make the presentation seem flippant or frivolous. These are the banana splits and baked Alaskas of the essay world. Personal essay presentation is wilder, less disciplined, and more creative than the other two by far. Personal essays are served to readers via blogs, literary journals, and essay anthologies. Their structure can range from traditional to unconventional to boldly experimental.
Smear the introduction and body across a cookie-conclusion. Float your paragraphs in a cup of espresso. Roll your thesis and supporting arguments up in a crepe to make an ice cream essay-taco. The only limit is your imagination. Best flavors : Narrative essay Descriptive essay Critical essay.
Still nothing? Good luck! Her latest book, False Memoir , combines the high stakes of a gritty psychological thriller with the guilty pleasure of a sensational true crime tell-all. What is an essay? Ingredients of an essay The essay is a very flexible form of writing. A thesis Supporting evidence A final verdict The thesis is a statement of fact or opinion that the essay will explore or prove. A good thesis is: Debatable, not obviously true or universally accepted as fact Provable Concise and comprehensible W.
Three pieces of supporting evidence for our sample thesis could be: Ice cream and essays both have three basic ingredients. Ice cream and essays have been popular for hundreds of years among diverse cultures around the globe. Ice cream and essays are quicker and easier to consume than to produce. Basic essay structure As with any recipe, each ingredient of an essay has to be portioned out in specific amounts.
Essay presentation: cone, bowl or other When it comes to ice cream and essays alike, presentation is key. How to write an academic essay Are you a student? Best flavors: Expository essay Definition essay Compare and contrast essay Cause and effect essay Critical essay Analytical essay 2.
How to write a professional essay You thought your essay-writing days were over when you accepted your diploma? Best flavors: Persuasive essay Cause and effect essay Critical essay Process essay Analytical essay 3. How to write a personal essay These are the banana splits and baked Alaskas of the essay world.
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The invention of Braille marked a major turning point in the history of disability. The writing system of raised dots used by blind and visually impaired people was developed by Louis Braille in nineteenth-century France. In a society that did not value disabled people in general, blindness was particularly stigmatized, and lack of access to reading and writing was a significant barrier to social participation. The idea of tactile reading was not entirely new, but existing methods based on sighted systems were difficult to learn and use.
This essay begins by discussing the situation of blind people in nineteenth-century Europe. It then describes the invention of Braille and the gradual process of its acceptance within blind education. Write your essay introduction. The body of your essay is where you make arguments supporting your thesis, provide evidence, and develop your ideas. Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument.
The length of the body depends on the type of essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6, words, the body could take up 8—10 pages. To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs.
Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea. That idea is introduced in a topic sentence. The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences. After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources.
Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument. Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation Weygand, While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture Weygand, This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society.
Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education. See the full essay example. The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. A strong essay conclusion :.
A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression. The most common mistakes are:. Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not.
Write your essay conclusion. My essay follows the requirements of the assignment topic and length. My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay. I use paragraphs to structure the essay. I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph. I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas.
I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source. I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources. My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style. Your essay meets all the most important requirements.
Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence. An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates. In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills. Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation. The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas. Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:. The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay. A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay. Everything else you write should relate to this key idea.
The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:. Without a clear thesis, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say. A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph. Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence. At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts except exams and in-class exercises.
Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source. You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text. A persuasive essay is just as it sounds: an essay to persuade or convince the reader of a certain point. When you want to devote equal attention to two opposing things, a compare-and-contrast essay works better than argumentative or persuasive essays, which lean to one side over the other.
Personal essays are often anecdotal or real-life stories of the authors, like the works of David Sedaris. Because they tend to follow narrative structures, the thesis can be flexible or interpretive. Your final consideration is who will read your essay—a teacher, an admissions counselor, your peers, the internet at large, etc.
For one thing, your readers determine whether the essay is formal or casual, which has an enormous impact on language, word choice, and style. Even if you prefer the stream of consciousness style for writing your rough draft, you still need to have an orderly system that allows you to revise and hone. For essay writing, we recommend the standard five-step writing process :. It always helps to collect your thoughts before you begin writing.
Based on your prompt or thesis, try to generate as many ideas as possible to include in your essay. The preparation phase consists of both outlining your essay and collecting resources for evidence. Take a look at the results of your brainstorming session. First, isolate the ideas that are essential to support your thesis and then organize them in a logical and progressive order.
If you want empirical evidence or complementary citations, track them down now. This is the main stage of essay writing where you roll up your sleeves and actually write the first draft. The revisions stage involves your second draft, your third draft, or even your twelfth draft if necessary. Address all the nuances and subtleties you glossed over in the first draft. Pay attention to both word choice and clarity, as well as sophisticated writing techniques like avoiding the passive voice.
Grammarly helps catch common mistakes with sentence structure—like run-on sentences, sentence fragments, passive voice, and more. Go through your essay and correct misspellings, formatting issues, or grammatical errors. Essay structure almost always follows a simple beginning-middle-end format, or in this case, an introduction-body-conclusion format.
Essays follow the same guidelines for introductions as any other piece of writing, with an extra emphasis on presenting the thesis prominently, ideally in the topic sentence. By the end of your introduction paragraph, your reader should know without a doubt what your essay is about.
From there, follow the conventional best practices on how to write an introduction. The majority of your essay is body paragraphs, all of which support your thesis and present evidence. Pay close attention to how you organize your body paragraphs.
Some arguments benefit from a logical progression, where one point leads to a second, and that second point leads to a third. Serious writers can get pretty technical about how to organize an argumentative essay. There are three approaches in particular used often: Aristotlian classical , Rogerian , and Toulmin. However, these can get exceedingly complicated, so for a simple essay, a basic structure will do just fine:.
If you get the chance, you can add a new perspective or context for understanding your thesis, but in general the conclusion should not present any new evidence or supporting data. For more specific tips, read about how to write a conclusion for an essay here.
These ideas don't need to be written as complete sentences in the outline; that's what the actual essay is for. Here's one way of diagramming an essay on how technology is changing our lives:. Introductory Paragraph.
Body Paragraph I. Body Paragraph II. Body Paragraph III. Concluding Paragraph. Note that the author uses only three or four main ideas per paragraph, each with a main idea, supporting statements, and a summary. Once you've written and refined your outline, it's time to write the essay. Begin with the introductory paragraph. This is your opportunity to hook the reader's interest in the very first sentence, which can be an interesting fact, a quotation, or a rhetorical question , for instance.
After this first sentence, add your thesis statement. The thesis clearly states what you hope to express in the essay. Follow that with a sentence to introduce your body paragraphs. This not only gives the essay structure, but it also signals to the reader what is to come.
For example:. Notice how the author uses a fact and addresses the reader directly to grab their attention. Once you've written the introduction, it's time to develop the meat of your thesis in three or four paragraphs. Each should contain a single main idea, following the outline you prepared earlier. Use two or three sentences to support the main idea, citing specific examples. Conclude each paragraph with a sentence that summarizes the argument you've made in the paragraph.
In this case, the author continues to directly address the reader while offering examples to support their assertion. The summary paragraph summarizes your essay and is often a reverse of the introductory paragraph. Begin the summary paragraph by quickly restating the principal ideas of your body paragraphs.
The penultimate next to last sentence should restate your basic thesis of the essay. Your final statement can be a future prediction based on what you have shown in the essay. In this example, the author concludes by making a prediction based on the arguments made in the essay. Share Flipboard Email. Table of Contents Expand. Structuring the Essay aka Building a Burger. Choosing a Topic. Drafting the Outline. In general, there are three writing styles you might come across in high school and college.
Your thesis statement is the main point of your essay. It is essentially one sentence that says what the essay is about. For example, your thesis statement might be "Dogs are descended from wolves. You should usually state your thesis in your introductory paragraph. Additionally, the thesis statement should be broad enough that you have enough to say about it, but not so broad that you can't be thorough. To help you structure a perfectly clear thesis, check out these thesis statement examples.
The next step is to outline what you are going to write about. This means you want to essentially draw the skeleton of your paper. Writing an outline can help to ensure your paper is logical, well organized and flows properly. Does your teacher follow the APA guidelines for writing papers? If so, these APA outline format examples should help you pull it all together.
As you progress into the meat of the essay following our tips below , these APA format examples should prove beneficial! Write based on the outline itself, fleshing out your basic skeleton to create a whole, cohesive and clear essay. Here are some things to remember:. This is the line or line that will lure a reader in and encourage them to want to learn more. For more on this, check out how to write a hook.
And, to help you formulate a killer conclusion, scan through these conclusion examples. Now the essay is written, but you're not quite done. Reread what you've written, looking out for mistakes and typos. A lot goes into writing a successful essay. Fortunately, these tips for writing essays can help you along the way and get you on the path to a well-written essay.
Take a look at these tips and techniques for preventing plagiarism. Other than that, we wish you great success as you work your way to a perfect A! Home Grammar How to Write an Essay. For example, to write an essay, you should generally: decide what kind of essay to write brainstorm your topic research the topic choose a writing style develop a thesis outline your essay write your essay edit your writing to check spelling and grammar While this sounds like a lot of steps to write a simple essay, if you follow them you will be able to write more successful, clear and cohesive essays.
Choose the Type of Essay The first step to writing an essay is to define what type of essay you are writing. There are four main categories into which essays can be grouped: Narrative essay - Tell a story or impart information about your subject in a straightforward, orderly manner, like in a story. Persuasive essay - Convince the reader about some point of view.
Expository essay - Explain to the reader how to perform a given process. You could, for example, write an expository essay with step-by-step instructions on how to make a peanut butter sandwich. Descriptive essay - Focus on the details of what is going on. For example, if you want to write a descriptive essay about your trip to the park, you would give great detail about what you experienced: how the grass felt beneath your feet, what the park benches looked like, and anything else the reader would need to feel as if he were there.
Here are a few other types of essays: Argumentative essay - Take a position on a controversial issue and present evidence in favor of your position. Compare and contrast essay - Identify similarities and differences between two subjects that are, typically, under the same umbrella. Problem solution essay - Describe a problem, convince the reader to care about the problem, propose a solution, and be prepared to dismantle objections.
Informative essay - Educate the reader on a particular topic with facts. Brainstorm Your Topic You cannot write an essay unless you have an idea of what to write about. Write down everything that comes to mind as you can always narrow those topics down later.
Use clustering or mind mapping to brainstorm and come up with an essay idea. This involves writing your topic or idea in the center of the paper and creating bubbles clouds or clusters of related ideas around it. Brainstorming can be a great way to develop a topic more deeply and to recognize connections between various facets of your topic. Once you have a list of possible topics, it's time to choose the best one that will answer the question posed for your essay.
You want to choose a topic that is neither too broad nor too narrow. Research the Topic Once you have done your brainstorming and chosen your topic, you may need to do some research to write a good essay. Choose a Writing Style The writing style that you choose for your essay is dictated by your teacher or the topic of your paper.
It uses the author-page number citation style. This is the most common writing style used by high school and college students. APA American Psychological Association uses the author-date citation style and was created for social science and psychology research papers and essays. It is the second most common writing style out there. Chicago Manual of Style , also known as Turabian, has two writing styles: author-date and notes-bibliography. Mostly used by college students and professionals, the author-date style works for scientific papers, while notes-biblio makes arts and humanities papers a breeze.
Each different writing style has its own unique format for in-text and reference list citations.