Its purpose is to present, interpret, and analyze the information and sources you have gathered to support your argument. The length of the body depends on the type of essay. For a high school essay, this could be just three paragraphs, but for a graduate school essay of 6, words, the body could take up 8—10 pages. To give your essay a clear structure , it is important to organize it into paragraphs. Each paragraph should be centered around one main point or idea.
That idea is introduced in a topic sentence. The topic sentence should generally lead on from the previous paragraph and introduce the point to be made in this paragraph. Transition words can be used to create clear connections between sentences. After the topic sentence, present evidence such as data, examples, or quotes from relevant sources.
Be sure to interpret and explain the evidence, and show how it helps develop your overall argument. Lack of access to reading and writing put blind people at a serious disadvantage in nineteenth-century society. Text was one of the primary methods through which people engaged with culture, communicated with others, and accessed information; without a well-developed reading system that did not rely on sight, blind people were excluded from social participation Weygand, While disabled people in general suffered from discrimination, blindness was widely viewed as the worst disability, and it was commonly believed that blind people were incapable of pursuing a profession or improving themselves through culture Weygand, This demonstrates the importance of reading and writing to social status at the time: without access to text, it was considered impossible to fully participate in society.
Blind people were excluded from the sighted world, but also entirely dependent on sighted people for information and education. See the full essay example. The conclusion is the final paragraph of an essay. A strong essay conclusion :. A great conclusion should finish with a memorable or impactful sentence that leaves the reader with a strong final impression.
The most common mistakes are:. Braille paved the way for dramatic cultural changes in the way blind people were treated and the opportunities available to them. In this sense, Braille helped drive broader social changes in the status of blindness. New accessibility tools provide practical advantages to those who need them, but they can also change the perspectives and attitudes of those who do not. Write your essay conclusion. My essay follows the requirements of the assignment topic and length.
My introduction contains a thesis statement that states the focus and position of the essay. I use paragraphs to structure the essay. I use topic sentences to introduce each paragraph. I make clear transitions between paragraphs and ideas. I have given an in-text citation for every quote or piece of information I got from another source. I have included a reference page at the end of my essay, listing full details of all my sources.
My citations and references are correctly formatted according to the required citation style. Your essay meets all the most important requirements. Our editors can give it a final check to help you submit with confidence. An essay is a focused piece of writing that explains, argues, describes, or narrates. In high school, you may have to write many different types of essays to develop your writing skills.
Academic essays at college level are usually argumentative : you develop a clear thesis about your topic and make a case for your position using evidence, analysis and interpretation. The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas. Your essay introduction should include three main things, in this order:. The length of each part depends on the length and complexity of your essay. A thesis statement is a sentence that sums up the central point of your paper or essay.
Everything else you write should relate to this key idea. The thesis statement is essential in any academic essay or research paper for two main reasons:. Without a clear thesis, an essay can end up rambling and unfocused, leaving your reader unsure of exactly what you want to say.
A topic sentence is a sentence that expresses the main point of a paragraph. Everything else in the paragraph should relate to the topic sentence. At college level, you must properly cite your sources in all essays , research papers , and other academic texts except exams and in-class exercises. Add a citation whenever you quote , paraphrase , or summarize information or ideas from a source.
You should also give full source details in a bibliography or reference list at the end of your text. The exact format of your citations depends on which citation style you are instructed to use. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.
Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Essay. How to write an essay An academic essay is a focused piece of writing that develops an idea or argument using evidence, analysis and interpretation.
Researching a topic that is too narrow or too broad is a frustrating experience. For a general topic, you will find a lot of information that will be overwhelming. If the topic is too specific, you will have little information. Researching about a topic needs you to select the keywords that are likely to use as the search words. You need to identify the central ideas and keywords of the topic and note them down.
You need to list the alternate words or synonymous for the original terms. If a word offers too much or too little information, or irrelevant information, you can use a synonym. In some cases, the online databases and online catalog might not identify their original search words but identify a synonym or variation of the search word. You can refine the search terms using a controlled vocabulary. Controlled vocabulary words are the standardized words that indexes or databases utilize to organize information.
Controlled vocabulary words produce specific outcomes. Most of the indexes and databases offer the users a way to search the controlled vocabulary using search tips or help. In other such as the library of congress, the subject headings are controlled terms of the catalogued used in the library. As you search for the keywords, you need to track the sources. This is one if the crucial basic steps in writing an essay that ensure that you keep track of all the sources, you need to cite all the information as soon as you identify it.
Be consistent with the way you cite your sources. Read the background information of the topic. Read a broad summary of the topic that allow you to have an overview of the topic and know how these ideas are related. These summaries are an important source of words used to describe the topic. The keywords are useful for further research. If you cannot find sources about a given topic, you can use broader words or ask for help from the librarian.
You can use periodical indexes to go through the current journals, magazines, or newspaper articles on the topic. You can utilize web search engines such as Bing and Google to find information about your research topic. You can modify the topic during the process of research. You will not know what you will find, so be flexible with your research topic.
If you find too much information, you can narrow the topic to be specific. However, before you change your research topic, consider the length of the research paper, bibliography, project, and other instructions of the assignment. It is also important to note the coverage needed and the due date. These ae among the basic steps to writing an essay that will help you decide on how and when to modify your research topic.
Throughout your academic life, you will be expected to take notes in class. Although most students are not taught how to take notes, all students have an idea of how they like their notes taken. Taking notes does not require special skills. However, effective listening skills are crucial in writing good notes.
It is one of the basic steps in writing an essay effectively. Taking notes is an effective way of remembering information that you are likely to forget. Research shows that people tend to forget at least percent of the new information they learn within 24 hours of first hearing or reading it. Taking note is an effective way of retrieving and retaining percent of new information that we encounter. The most efficient note-taking skill consists of active and not passive learning.
In active learning, the responsibility of learning is placed on the learner. For learning to be efficient, learners need to be engaging in activities that help them participate in the learning process such as solving problems, discussing, writing, and reading.
As students learn, they need to be thinking about what they engaging in. As students learn new content, they need to think about how they learning it. During the learning process, students have found note taking as one of the most effective way of organizing they information they learn. The four stages of taking good notes are: Note taking, note making, note interacting, and note reflecting. In note taking students prepare a book or piece of paper where they will write their notes.
They will use this paper to write notes in their words or paraphrase. They have to leave spaces or lines in between main ideas for adding information and later revisions. They also need to have a consistent system of symbols and abbreviations to save the time as they make the notes. You can use bullet points or lists when possible. You can take cures from the source or lecturer and it is crucial. In note making, students learn to review and edit the content of their notes.
You can connect the main ideas in the notes pages with the use of symbols or color. There is as exchange of ideas and collaboration with other learners and check for comprehension and evaluate the understanding of every note taken. Split you piece of paper into three section, this the Cornell method making notes. The first section is a cue section, the second part is the note-takings section, and the third part is the summary section. In note interacting, students link what they learn together through a summary that addresses the important question and answers these questions.
Students also learn from their notes by regularly revising the notes. In note reflecting students are given a written feedback that needs to be given by the tutor, peer, or teacher and evaluate the understanding of the learner in the initial stage of learning. The learners need to address the feedback by analyzing one area of challenge that they experience in their learning.
Learners need to reflect over a unit on a regular basis and leads up to tests and exams. Other basic steps in writing an essay involve having a plan to assists you in arranging your thoughts logically and stay on track in the writing process. The essay plan helps you have an organized structure that helps you express tour thoughts in a clear way, making it easy for the reader to follow the argument thread. The essay structure is also guided by the argument and content, meaning that each essay has a different structure.
The essay plan should highlight the way you will prove your argument and include evidence that you will use. You can structure the plan around the various sections of an essay. The first step of making an essay plan is planning. You need to understand the question you are writing about. You have to be in a position to make clarification when you are required to as you answer the question. You need to know if the question is close or open ended.
For open-ended questions you need to narrow the question down. You need to explain why and how you have decided to limit the essay introduction. This helps the reader know you appreciate the wider issues regarding the topic but you choose to be selective. For a close ended question, your answer need to refer and be within the question limits.
These include the specific texts, dates and countries. The second step is brainstorming for ideas which include what you understand about the topic from reading and lectures. You need to understand the topic and know how to answer the question. You must have possible answers or responses to the question and ideas about the conclusion.
You can use a mind map to organize your ideas. The third step is making a plan. The plan must help you have coherent arguments. The plan also enables you to have a logical structure and have an end point for the argument prior to writing the essay. You do not have to engage in complex thinking as you find the right words to express your ideas. The plan helps you to commit to yourself as you stick to you point.
You can use several strategies to make an essay plan. You can use the title to make an effective essay plan such as comparison, description or analysis. You can use the structure that is the most appropriate for the topic, or use a template plan. The essay outline has three parts. These are introduction, main body, and conclusion. The introduction should address the question and show the parts that are interesting for the essay and how the essays will response to them.
You should develop a mission statement in the introduction. The introduction starts with a hook, which is an attention grabbing statement that makes the reader be interested in the essay. The introduction also offers background information about the topic.
The thesis statement is the last part of the introduction and it provides the direction of the paper. The main body consists of several body paragraphs depending on the size of the paper. Each body paragraph addresses a unique idea and starts with a topic sentence. The body paragraphs must have a claim that is supported by evidence. Each body paragraph must end with a conclusion. The third part of an essay is the conclusion. The conclusion summarizes the main ideas and restates the thesis statement, and how the main ideas support the thesis.
The mistake you can make is jumping right into editing immediately after completing your first draft. This is because you will be too familiar with what you have written. To edit efficiently, you need to have to be objective, meaning that you have to give yourself time to forget your work. Wait a few days or week if you have the time to edit your work. You must understand that the first draft is your rough copy of the work and you can make as many changes as you want. During editing, you must have a critical eye since making the rough draft perfect can be overwhelming.
Before you start editing, read your draft word for word. It will be hard work to read all your work but you have to read the entire copy of the work to know what to add or subtract. Reading the rough draft is crucial as it gives you an idea of what you have written. You can also consider what changes you need to make to enhance the flow of ideas. Establish what you need to be developed more: You need to establish areas that do not make any sense.
You can either edit of delete such areas. Structural edit is important as it help you break down the document into sections that you will evaluate individually. After the structural edit, there are many revisions to do and this would help you rewrite the draft. You can choose to give your first draft to a professional to help with editing.
This will enable you have another perspective that I not similar to yours. You need to make revisions based on the feedback of the professional. Revision can feel like a complete rewrite. However, revisions help you correct many details in every sentence that is underlined.
Revisions help you make at least 75 percent of the editing work. Another important basic steps in writing an essay is proofreading. Proofreading is important as it help you correct the grammatical and syntax errors in the draft. As you proofread, you can add subheadings to have a paper that is well organized.
Essays that are detailed and well organized captivate readers. Sub headings help the reader know the different ideas you analyzing in the body paragraphs. Ensure that the final draft ha an introduction, a body, and conclusion. All the ideas in the body paragraphs must support they thesis statement that you wrote in the introduction section. As you revise your draft, ensure that the reader can clearly establish the purpose of your writing through a clear and concise thesis.
Without a prop thesis, the final draft will not be effective. As part of ensuring that the final copy you send to your professor is the best, you can allow your friend or classmate to read your second draft. You can print or email you colleague you second draft. Working within the time your colleague is available is important. Choose someone who will read the draft as soon as you hand it to them. You can select someone who is objective in their reading and someone who will not be afraid to correct your work.
This is important, as your friends are likely to be bothered by how you will feel when they correct your draft. Help your colleague know that you do not mind making the correction they suggest to the draft. Let them know that their honest opinion would be appreciated. Another important part of having your colleague read your draft is rewriting their ideas.
You must be ready to make the changes that they suggest on the draft. You can allow your colleague make changes or highlight areas that they think would require changes. They can provide as many suggestions as possible to make the draft good. Aft you receive your copy back, read it aloud. This will help you understand the errors that have been highlighted by your colleagues. Reading aloud sentence-by-sentence and paragraph by paragraph help, you know how the essay flows.
It also helps you establish areas that were not identified by your colleagues as they read your draft. You can also give the draft to another colleague to know if they will have similar sentiments as your first colleague. Allowing two people read your draft will help you identify as many mistakes as possible. You can help you colleagues read your draft by joining them when they are working on it.
This helps them explain to your errors they identified and the reasons they identified those errors. You should not limit the number of times you will make corrections to your first draft. The recommendations from your colleagues are important and you need to make the required changes as soon as you can. After you receive the recommendations, you do not have to put it in a drawer. You can start making the changes as soon as possible because it is a crucial basic steps in writing an essay.
However, you need to have patience so that you can easily identify the areas that are most crucial to the essay. As you make these changes, read the document afresh to ensure that the changes make sense. You cannot make changes without evaluating if they are right or wrong. You cannot always trust the feedback if the third party. This means that you can check if their suggestion would make the entire essay good or bad.
For this draft, you need to know that editing is not the same as rewriting. Editing is analytical and objective while rewriting is subjective and creative. Do not try editing and writing the draft at the same time. The recommendations are likely to help you edit your paper and not rewrite it. Some of the consideration you need to make is changing the sentences that are not beautiful.
Your introduction is one short paragraph, just a sentence or two, that states your thesis your main idea and introduces your reader to your topic. After your title, this is your next best chance to hook your reader. Here are some examples:. The body of your essay is where you develop your story or argument. Once you have finished your research and produced several pages of notes, go through them with a highlighter and mark the most important ideas, the key points. Choose the top three ideas and write each one at the top of a clean page.
Now go through your notes again and pull out supporting ideas for each key point. You don't need a lot, just two or three for each one. Write a paragraph about each of these key points, using the information you've pulled from your notes. If you don't have enough for one, you might need a stronger key point. Do more research to support your point of view. It's always better to have too many sources than too few. You've almost finished. The last paragraph of your essay is your conclusion.
It, too, can be short, and it must tie back to your introduction. In your introduction, you stated the reason for your paper. In your conclusion, you should summarize how your key points support your thesis. Here's an example:. If you're still worried about your essay after trying on your own, consider hiring an essay editing service. Reputable services will edit your work, not rewrite it. Choose carefully. One service to consider is Essay Edge. Good luck! The next essay will be easier.
Share Flipboard Email. Deb Peterson. Education Expert. Deb Peterson is a writer and a learning and development consultant who has created corporate training programs for firms of all sizes. Updated December 05, Anything you write will benefit from learning these simple parts of an essay: Purpose and Thesis Title Introduction Body of Information Conclusion Here are five steps to make it happen:. Cite this Article Format. Peterson, Deb.
When editing, pay attention to the words you use: remove all unnecessary words and work on using strong verbs in place of weak ones. Also, fact check all the information you have in your essay, especially when citing other sources. Did you find this post helpful? Let us know in the comments below!
She is also a homeschooling mom, family coach, and speaker for the Charlotte Mason method, an educational philosophy that places great emphasis on classic literature and the masterpieces in art and music. She has also written several books, both fiction and nonfiction.
Her passion is to see the next generation of children become lovers of reading and learning in the midst of short attention spans. Your email address will not be published. What Are the Different Types of Essays? Essays can come in many different forms.
The most common types include the following: Narrative Essay: The narrative essay shares information in the form of a story and from a clearly defined point of view. Expository Essay: This type of essay explains, illustrates, or clarifies a topic. This also includes instructional pieces with step-by-step directions. Descriptive Essay: Descriptive essays do exactly what their name implies: they describe an event, phenomenon, or any other subject in detail.
Persuasive Essay: This type of essay aims to convince the audience to adapt a certain perspective or idea. Compare and Contrast Essay: This type of writing pinpoints how similar or different two or more things are from one another. Problem-Solution Essay: This essay highlights an issue, influences the reader to care about it, suggests a solution, and tackles possible objections. How Do You Begin an Essay?
Decide on your essay type and topic. What is one thought or idea I want to share? Is there any misconception I want to correct? What is the best way to present this topic of information with regard to the types of essays? Develop your thesis statement. Write your outline. One common structure for an essay is the Five-Paragraph Essay, with the following parts: Introduction with thesis statement Main Point 1 Main Point 2 Main Point 3 Conclusion Although this structure is made up of five paragraphs, we can easily use the same model and make it into a Five-Part Essay Structure.
Start writing. Here are some more helpful tips for writing the body of your essay: Elaborate on each of your main ideas with at least one paragraph each. If your main ideas will require more than one paragraph each, feel free to write more. For anything point that takes up two paragraphs or more, it helps to have a brief introductory paragraph.
Stay as concise as possible. Include anecdotal examples if it will help you make your point more clear. If you are writing a formal academic essay, avoid using first-person pronouns. Pay attention to how you cite references.
Writing an outline can help require more than one paragraph. If you are writing a books, both fiction and nonfiction. This means you should know type argumentative essay lesson plan writing pinpoints how have an idea of what. Each different writing style has knowing exactly what your paper you are going to write. What Are the Different Types. Reread what you've written, looking. Her passion is to see the words you use: remove an essay is to define learning in the midst of with at least one paragraph. For anything point that takes information you have in your a topic. Transition words are the glue that connects every paragraph together each, feel free to write. Check Spelling and Grammar Now spell check to recognize every.decide what kind of. brainstorm your topic. research the topic.