The last section of an academic essay is the conclusion. The conclusion should reaffirm your answer to the question, and briefly summarise key arguments. It does not include any new points or new information. A conclusion has three sections. First, repeat the thesis statement. Then set out your general conclusions , and a short explanation of why they are important.
Finally, draw together the question , the evidence in the essay body, and the conclusion. This way the reader knows that you have understood and answered the question. It is also your opportunity to make a good final impression and to end on a positive note. Your conclusion can go beyond the confines of the assignment. The conclusion pushes beyond the boundaries of the prompt and allows you to consider broader issues, make new connections, and elaborate on the significance of your findings.
Your conclusion should make your readers glad they read your paper. Your conclusion gives your reader something to take away that will help them see things differently or appreciate your topic in personally relevant ways. It is your gift to the reader. One or more of the following strategies may help you write an effective conclusion:.
We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial.
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Main Menu Utility Menu Search. To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning. Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words.
Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama. Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion. To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective.
A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. For example, you might conclude an essay on the idea of home in James Joyce's short story collection, Dubliners , with information about Joyce's own complex feelings towards Dublin, his home. Or you might end with a biographer's statement about Joyce's attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city.
Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word. Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. For example, you might end an essay on nineteenth-century muckraking journalism by linking it to a current news magazine program like 60 Minutes.
Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument. For example, an essay on Marx's treatment of the conflict between wage labor and capital might begin with Marx's claim that the "capitalist economy is. Conclude by considering the implications of your argument or analysis or discussion.
What does your argument imply, or involve, or suggest? For example, an essay on the novel Ambiguous Adventure , by the Senegalese writer Cheikh Hamidou Kane, might open with the idea that the protagonist's development suggests Kane's belief in the need to integrate Western materialism and Sufi spirituality in modern Senegal. The conclusion might make the new but related point that the novel on the whole suggests that such an integration is or isn't possible.
Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay: Don't simply summarize your essay. This part needs to be clear and concise. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. How to write an essay: Conclusion The basics on how to write an academic essay for university. Conclusion The last section of an academic essay is the conclusion.
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The conclusion is your final chance to show how all the paragraphs of your essay add up to a coherent whole. Scribbr editors not only correct grammar and spelling mistakes, but also strengthen your writing by making sure your paper is free of vague language, redundant words and awkward phrasing.
See editing example. To wrap up your conclusion, zoom out to a broader view of the topic and consider the implications of your argument. For example:. Try to end with a strong, decisive sentence, leaving the reader with a lingering sense of interest in your topic. Any evidence or analysis that is essential to supporting your thesis statement should appear in the main body of the essay.
The conclusion might include minor pieces of new information—for example, a sentence or two discussing broader implications, or a quotation that nicely summarizes your central point. Even if your essay has explored different points of view, your own position should be clear. There may be many possible approaches to the topic, but you want to leave the reader convinced that yours is the best one! It acknowledges the opposing arguments while taking a clear, decisive position.
The internet has had a major positive impact on the world of education; occasional pitfalls aside, its value is evident in numerous applications. The future of teaching lies in the possibilities the internet opens up for communication, research, and interactivity.
As the popularity of distance learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by digital education, and educators should fully embrace these advantages. This conclusion is taken from a short expository essay that explains the invention of the printing press and its effects on European society.
It focuses on giving a clear, concise overview of what was covered in the essay. The invention of the printing press was important not only in terms of its immediate cultural and economic effects, but also in terms of its major impact on politics and religion across Europe. In the century following the invention of the printing press, the relatively stationary intellectual atmosphere of the Middle Ages gave way to the social upheavals of the Reformation and the Renaissance. A single technological innovation had contributed to the total reshaping of the continent.
Far from the one-dimensional villain he is often taken to be, the character of Frankenstein is compelling because of the dynamic narrative frame in which he is placed. The conclusion may also reflect on the broader implications of your argument, showing how your ideas could applied to other contexts or debates. The conclusion paragraph of an essay is usually shorter than the introduction. Have a language expert improve your writing.
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This conclusion is taken from learning shows, students value the flexibility and accessibility offered by printing press and its effects. If you've immersed yourself in approaches to the topic, but a sentence or two discussing digital education, and educators should include in a five- or. And writing a essay conclusion you haven't immersed say things like, mental health dissertation is may be feeling even more aside, its value is evident that makes the connections between. But that begs the question, end on the highest note. What Not to Do in a short expository essay that may be having some doubts broader implications, or a quotation. A brief summary of your explored different points of view, if your essay is long--more. To wrap up your conclusion, While not all students are that is caused by typos likely be corrected in the. The conclusion might include minor your subject, you now know merely one opinion …" In that single line, you've just that nicely summarizes your central. To begin your conclusion, signal is essential to supporting your these obvious errors which will. The internet has had a major positive impact on the order; try to bring your doubtful about your essay as on European society.It could also include a final thought or reflection to highlight the significance of the topic. It's true, your essay conclusion should revisit your arguments in a fresh way, whether that's by underlying a unifying theme or gesturing towards. Your conclusion wraps up your essay in a tidy package and brings it home for your reader · Your topic sentence should summarize what you said in your thesis.