problem statement in research paper

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Problem statement in research paper research paper executive summary

Problem statement in research paper



Supports Multiple Perspectives The problem must be phrased in a way that avoids dichotomies and instead supports the generation and exploration of multiple perspectives. A general rule of thumb in the social sciences is that a good research problem is one that would generate a variety of viewpoints from a composite audience made up of reasonable people. Researchability This isn't a real word but it represents an important aspect of creating a good research statement.

It seems a bit obvious, but you don't want to find yourself in the midst of investigating a complex research project and realize that you don't have enough prior research to draw from for your analysis. There's nothing inherently wrong with original research, but you must choose research problems that can be supported, in some way, by the resources available to you.

If you are not sure if something is researchable, don't assume that it isn't if you don't find information right away--seek help from a librarian! NOTE: Do not confuse a research problem with a research topic. A topic is something to read and obtain information about, whereas a problem is something to be solved or framed as a question raised for inquiry, consideration, or solution, or explained as a source of perplexity, distress, or vexation.

In short, a research topic is something to be understood; a research problem is something that needs to be investigated. Asking Analytical Questions about the Research Problem. Research problems in the social and behavioral sciences are often analyzed around critical questions that must be investigated. These questions can be explicitly listed in the introduction [i. Explicitly listing your research questions at the end of your introduction can help in designing a clear roadmap of what you plan to address in your study, whereas, implicitly integrating them into the text of the introduction allows you to create a more compelling narrative around the key issues under investigation.

Either approach is appropriate. The number of questions you attempt to address should be based on the complexity of the problem you are investigating and what areas of inquiry you find most critical to study. Practical considerations, such as, the length of the paper you are writing or the availability of resources to analyze the issue can also factor in how many questions to ask.

In general, however, there should be no more than four research questions underpinning a single research problem. Given this, well-developed analytical questions can focus on any of the following:. NOTE: Questions of how and why concerning a research problem often require more analysis than questions about who, what, where, and when.

You should still ask yourself these latter questions, however. Thinking introspectively about the who, what, where, and when of a research problem can help ensure that you have thoroughly considered all aspects of the problem under investigation and helps define the scope of the study in relation to the problem. Mistakes to Avoid. Beware of circular reasoning! Do not state that the research problem as simply the absence of the thing you are suggesting.

For example, if you propose the following, "The problem in this community is that there is no hospital," this only leads to a research problem where:. This is an example of a research problem that fails the "So What? In this example, the problem does not reveal the relevance of why you are investigating the fact there is no hospital in the community [e. Writing CSU. Purdue University; Procter, Margaret. Using Thesis Statements.

University College Writing Centre. University of Toronto; Trochim, William M. Problem Formulation. Research Methods Knowledge Base. Purdue University; Walk, Kerry. Asking an Analytical Question. Princeton University; White, Patrick. New York: Palgrave McMillan, Search this Guide Search. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences.

The Abstract Executive Summary 4. The Introduction The C. The Discussion Limitations of the Study 9. The Conclusion Appendices Definition A research problem is a definite or clear expression [statement] about an area of concern, a condition to be improved upon, a difficulty to be eliminated, or a troubling question that exists in scholarly literature, in theory, or within existing practice that points to a need for meaningful understanding and deliberate investigation.

Importance of The purpose of a problem statement is to: Introduce the reader to the importance of the topic being studied. The reader is oriented to the significance of the study. Anchors the research questions, hypotheses, or assumptions to follow. It offers a concise statement about the purpose of your paper. Place the topic into a particular context that defines the parameters of what is to be investigated.

Provide the framework for reporting the results and indicates what is probably necessary to conduct the study and explain how the findings will present this information. To survive the "So What" question, problem statements should possess the following attributes: Clarity and precision [a well-written statement does not make sweeping generalizations and irresponsible pronouncements; it also does include unspecific determinates like "very" or "giant"], Demonstrate a researchable topic or issue [i.

Structure and Writing Style I. Types and Content There are four general conceptualizations of a research problem in the social sciences: Casuist Research Problem -- this type of problem relates to the determination of right and wrong in questions of conduct or conscience by analyzing moral dilemmas through the application of general rules and the careful distinction of special cases.

This a common approach to defining a problem in the clinical social sciences or behavioral sciences. Descriptive Research Problem -- typically asks the question, "what is? This problem is often associated with revealing hidden or understudied issues. Nyaga C. Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SMEs in Kenya: The case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi county. A masters research thesis, University of Nairobi. Nyagah C. This post is a modified version of the article Is it problem statement or statement of the problem?

This post has been modified and republished with the permission of the author. You're looking to give wings to your academic career and publication journey. We like that! Why don't we give you complete access! One click sign-in with your social accounts. Sign up via email. Subscribe to Conducting Research. Confirm that you would also like to sign up for free personalized email coaching for this stage.

Statement of the Problem. The basics of writing a statement of the problem for your research proposal 6 min read. UK's largest funder takes a stance against bullying and harassment 4 min read. What reviewers look for in a grant proposal 10 min read.

Academic publishing and scholarly communications: Good reads, July 6 min read. Recommended Courses. The basics of writing a statement of the problem for your research proposal. Popular This article is in Statement of the Problem. Henry Bwisa May 15, Reading time. Key takeaways:. A good research problem should address an existing gap in knowledge in the field and lead to further research.

To write a persuasive problem statement, you need to describe a the ideal, b , the reality, and c the consequences. Does literature search stress you out? Be part of a global symposium on literature search, and learn how to identify the best approaches to find and access literature from experts. May 28, at 2. Register now for free! What are the key characteristics of a statement of the problem?

Statement 1 The Ministry of Youth is dedicated to allocating enterprise development funds to both the youth and women. Provide relevant statistics and quote Statement 2 One of the main focuses of the ministry is consistency. Problem Statement Background of a Study. Continue with Facebook. Sign in with Google. Log in with Linkedin. Log in with Twitter.

Show comments. Subscribe to Conducting Research Conducting research is the first and most exciting step in a researcher's journey. No Yes. Related Reading More from Statement of the Problem. Statement of the Problem Don't know where to start? Statement of the Problem Finding the right research question is the first step to successful… Read. Statement of the Problem Types of qualitative research methods Read. Recent Searches Review paper Responding to reviewer comments Predatory publishers Scope and delimitations Open access Plagiarism in research Journal selection tips Editor assigned Types of articles "Reject and Resubmit" status Decision in process Conflict of interest.

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Their relatives reported that the patient did not have a catheter-associated urinary tract infection before coming to the hospital. More research is required to determine the cause of this problem and how to control it. The condition of the patients, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit, is already at risk because they are already suffering from a severe wound, injury, or chronic disease. Most of the patients in ICU use catheters which in turn produce urinary tract infections.

The life of the patient is in danger once they catch the infection because they are already suffering from an ailment. Therefore, it is vitally important to address this problem to save the life of the patient and look into all the possible causes to figure out the cause s. The patients are coming to the hospital to cure their disease but after reaching the hospital, they develop another infection, which not only affects the health of the patients but also adds to the time needed to cure the disease they were already suffering from.

Moreover, the problem will result in damaging the reputation of the hospital. Proposal and dissertation orders completed by our expert writers are. The aim of this research is to identify the causes as to why the patients admitted to ICU are having a catheter-associated infection. After identifying the potential causes, the researcher will make some interventions to control the problem. See: More examples. You may notice that the above-mentioned problem statement example does not include any solution or intervention.

Furthermore, the research problem statement example covers only one specified problem, "the patients admitted to ICU are developing catheter-associated urinary tract infections. It involves all the essential questions required for writing a problem statement; what is wrong? Make sure to proofread and check whether it has only one specified problem and does not present a solution of any kind. Research Prospect has a team of writers holding Masters or Ph. Learn more about our services or browse our online library to find more study guides and academic writing examples.

How to Choose Dissertation Topic September 16, Published by Owen Ingram at September 12, Revised on April 26, Table of Contents. Research Problem Patients admitted to the intensive care unit in X hospital are having catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Context According to a survey conducted in X Hospital, most of the patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit are suffering from urinary catheter infections after spending some time in the ICU.

Relevance The condition of the patients, admitted to the Intensive Care Unit, is already at risk because they are already suffering from a severe wound, injury, or chronic disease. Sign in. Purpose behind writing problem statement in any research study is to: Problem Statement Components of problem statement The word count of problem statement for a thesis or dissertation should be in range of words.

Background of the Problem: Here you can reflect on facts related to the problem to make the reader understand about the gravity of the problem. Anchor: How one needs to resolve this problem in the research paper. General problem: How is impacts a larger population. Specific problem: How it impacts your sample population. Example 1 Quantitative Study Background of the problem : The high attrition rate in manufacturing organization is creating anxiety and fear among the employees and thus affecting the productivity of the organization as a whole.

Here you need to refer to previous research done in the past in the manufacturing sector to determine the key reasons for high attrition rate. It should stimulate the reader to read further. Anchor : This must include a statistical value to magnify and elucidates the problem. Here you can present the attrition percentage within the manufacturing industry and compare it with the case company. General Problem : The general business problem is to determine the financial lost to the organisation.

The general business problem needs to just outline the problem. Specific Problem : Since high attrition rate is affecting the overall productivity of the employees it is in turn affecting the performance of the organization. In order to do so one needs to determine the relationship between employee productivity and organisational performance. This is narrower in scope than the general business problem and focused around need of the study which allows easy transition to Need of the Study.

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