Please talk to the instructors and we can provide you with more specifics on the topics listed below. Please do not feel constrained by these suggestions. Follow your own creative idea! Biofilm formation in disease, the environment, or industry. Development in prokaryotes- spore formation, Caulobacter , Myxococcus , Streptomyces.
Biodegradation of anthropogenic compounds PCB's, dioxins pesticides, etc. Symbiotic relationships between bacteria and other organisms. Viable, but non-culturable organisms. Anti-bacterial effects of spices. Mad cow disease BSE. Norwalk viruses and cruise ship outbreaks. Pathogenesis of agents of concern- anthrax, smallpox, etc. Preparedness response- vaccines, antibiotic stockpiling, drills. Helicobacter pylori and ulcers. Chlamydia pneumoniae and heart disease. Chlamydia and infertility.
Guillian-Barre syndrome. Communities of nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidizers vary with water table depth in Chinese peatlands. Review Article A minimum set of regulators to thrive in the ocean. The ecological success of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth, in its nutrient-poor environment has been linked to a streamlined genome and a small number of regulatory proteins supplemented by regulatory riboswitches and dozens of regulatory small RNAs, whose functional characterization continues to provide surprising insights.
Research Article Microbial abundance, composition, and function in nectar are shaped by flower visitor identity. This study uses a floral nectar model system to show that vector identity, in this case legitimate floral pollinators versus nectar robbers, determines microbial assembly and function. Research Article Larix decidua and additional light affect the methane balance of forest soil and the abundance of methanogenic and methanotrophic microorganisms.
Research Article The rhizosphere of aquatic plants is a habitat for cable bacteria. Cable bacteria are ubiquitous and active in the rhizosphere of aquatic plants. Research Article Virulence factors regulation by the quorum-sensing and Rsm systems in the marine strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa ID, a natural mutant in lasR.
Quorum sensing systems and Rsm system in Pseudomonas aeruginosa ID Research Article Hacking the host: exploitation of macrophage polarization by intracellular bacterial pathogens. Research Article Coronaviruses: a paradigm of new emerging zoonotic diseases. The global emergency due to the novel type of coronavirus nCoV appeared in China highlights the high zoonotic potential of coronaviruses and the need of international collaboration to block viral spread.
Research Article Simulating the entire natural course of HIV infection by extending the basic viral dynamics equations to include declining viral clearance. The authors describe a simple coupling of free virus clearance to viral load in the basic model of viral dynamics that allows for the simulation of the whole course of untreated HIV infection.
Review Article Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection of host cells in space and time. The review describes the complex dynamics underlying the interactions between Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the human host cell with an emphasis on the cell biology approaches and potential challenges to study these processes. Review Article Klebsiella pneumoniae infection biology: living to counteract host defences.
The human pathogen Klebsiella pneumoniae: a master puppeteer of manipulation of our body to counteract our defences. Research Article Membrane transporters in the bioproduction of organic acids: state of the art and future perspectives for industrial applications. Transporter protein expression enables the optimization of microbial cell factories for the bioproduction of organic acids. A strategy is proposed for fuel ethanol production involving robust yeast strains engineered for intracellular cellobiose and sucrose utilization, and a substrate combining sugarcane juice, molasses and cellobiose-rich partially hydrolysed cellulose.
Research Article Application of organic waste glycerol to produce crude extracts of bacterial cells and microbial hydrogenase—the anode enzymes of bio-electrochemical systems. Glycerol, an organic waste material, can be used for microbial biomass production and the obtainment of hydrogenases, consequently serving as valuable biocatalysts to generate a large amount of electric current in a microbial fuel cell.
Research Article Yeast synthetic biology for designed cell factories producing secretory recombinant proteins. Here, we discuss recent developments in synthetic biology approaches to the construction of yeast cell factories with enhanced capacities of protein folding, secretion, and designed post-translational modification functions. Research Article Exploring the hydrolytic potential of cultured halophilic bacteria isolated from the Atacama Desert.
This study reports the identification of culturable halophilic bacteria producing biotechnologically important enzymes from the Atacama Desert, one of the most extreme environments on Earth. Research Article Intestinal fermentation in vitro models to study food-induced gut microbiota shift: an updated review. Intestinal in vitro models to study changes in the composition and metabolism of the gut microbiota in response to the diet.
Research Article A comparison of prokaryote communities inhabiting sponges, bacterial mats, sediment and seawater in Southeast Asian coral reefs. Prokaryote communities were sampled from 17 sponge species, bacterial mats, sediment and seawater in Southeast Asian coral reef habitats in order to assign HMA or LMA status and compare compositional variation among species.
Review Article Experimental models to study intestinal microbes—mucus interactions in health and disease. The review summarises the state of the art for studying gut microbes-mucus interactions using in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo experimental models. Research Article Not all animals need a microbiome. Contrary to a prevailing paradigm, some animals do not host nor rely on a microbiome. Research Article Issues and current standards of controls in microbiome research.
Current issues and standards with positive and negative controls in microbiome research are discussed. Research Article Microbiomes inhabiting rice roots and rhizosphere. Microbiomes of rice roots and the rhizosphere determine the functioning of paddy ecosystems, improve yields through beneficial interactions with host plants, and are shaped mainly by soil- and plant-related factors.
Review Article Functional role of yeasts, lactic acid bacteria and acetic acid bacteria in cocoa fermentation processes.
We should remain more focused on our investigation which will help us in planning a very clear experiment and in getting very useful and pertinent data. The significance of pH in dictating the relative toxicities of chloride and copper to acidophilic bacteria.
Changes in the lipid composition of Bradyrhizobium cell envelope reveal a rapid response to water deficit involving lysophosphatidylethanolamine synthesis from phosphatidylethanolamine in outer membrane. The transcription factor SlyA from Salmonella typhimurium regulates genes in response to hydrogen peroxide and sodium hypochlorite.
Expression of nirK and nirS genes in two strains of Pseudomonas stutzeri harbouring both types of NO-forming nitrite reductases. Furnishing spaceship environment: evaluation of bacterial biofilms on different materials used inside International Space Station. New insights into auxin metabolism in Bradyrhizobium japonicum.
Mechanistic and phenotypic studies of bicarinalin, BP and colistin action on Acinetobacter baumannii. Real-time assessment of bacteriophage T3-derived antimicrobial activity against planktonic and biofilm-embedded Escherichia coli by isothermal microcalorimetry. Syntrophic effect of indigenous and inoculated microorganisms in the leaching of rare earth elements from Western Australian monazite. Combined bacteriophages and antibiotics as an efficient therapy against VRE Enterococcus faecalis in a mouse model.
Phage therapy against Achromobacter xylosoxidans lung infection in a patient with cystic fibrosis: a case report. Extremely halophilic pleomorphic archaeal virus HRPV9 extends the diversity of pleolipoviruses with integrases. Evaluating the use of diversity indices to distinguish between microbial communities with different traits. Prevalence and dynamics of Lactobacillus sp. New cblA gene participates in regulation of cobalt-dependent transcription of nitrile hydratase genes in Rhodococcus rhodochrous.
Expression and deletion analyses of cspE encoding cold-shock protein E in Acinetobacter oleivorans DR1. Sequence- and structure-based computational analyses of Gram-negative tripartite efflux pumps in the context of bacterial membranes.
The sharp phase of respiratory inhibition during amino acid starvation in Escherichia coli is RelA-dependent and associated with regulation of ATP synthase activity. The transcriptional regulator VarN contributes to Salmonella Typhimurium growth in macrophages and virulence in mice. Keeping it together: absence of genetic variation and DNA incorporation by the predatory bacteria Micavibrio aeruginosavorus and Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus during predation.
Positive autoregulation of the flhDC operon in Proteus mirabilis. Functional characterization of the Sporothrix schenckii Ktr4 and Ktr5, mannosyltransferases involved in the N-linked glycosylation pathway. Characterization of the role of global regulator FliA in the pathophysiology of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.
Chlamydia and infertility. Guillian-Barre syndrome. Human herpes virus and Kaposi sarcoma. Papilloma virus and cervical cancer. Human T cell leukemia virus and leukemia. Epstein Barr virus and lymphoproloferative disorders. Novel pharmaceutical products from bacteria or Archaea from extreme environments. Use of PCR and DNA fingerprinting for characterization of bacterial communities in soil, biofilms or host environments.
Production or biodegradation of PHVB's i. Bacteria and your body. Use of botulinum toxin for cosmetic purposes. Acne and bacteria. Normal microbiota and prevention of disease. Flatulence, intestinal bacteria, and probiotics.
Paper Topics for Microbiology: Bacteria and Viruses You may want to start your paper by choosing a specific bacterium, Archean, or virus and subsequently focus to something you find particularly interesting about that organism. Gene therapy using viral vectors Level 4 labs Food irradiation Use of PCR and DNA fingerprinting for characterization of bacterial communities in soil, biofilms or host environments.
Epidemiology Identifying and following an outbreak Tracking foodborne pathogens Molecular methods for identifying microbes Bacteria and your body Use of botulinum toxin for cosmetic purposes Acne and bacteria Normal microbiota and prevention of disease Flatulence, intestinal bacteria, and probiotics.
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