family law dissertation topics

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Family law dissertation topics defending a dissertation

Family law dissertation topics

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Foster children of all ages have rights. If you think self-doubt is undermining your chances to excel, try these tips for building confidence at work. Support for Military Spouses Military OneSource offers military spouses free and confidential support to help them build resilience and overcome challenges. Read More Spotlight Coping With a Long-distance Marriage Though absence may make the heart grow fonder, it can also add stress to a marriage. Relocation: Job-seeking Strategies for the Career-interrupted Spouse As a military spouse whose career is interrupted, consider these job-seeking suggestions.

Foster Kids: You Have Rights Too You may be living with foster parents or in a group home, but you have the right to expect to be treated as well as if you lived with your own family. Build Confidence at Work If you think self-doubt is undermining your chances to excel, try these tips for building confidence at work. MWR Digital Library. Department of Civil Engineering more organization as author s.

View results as: View Normal Gallery Brief. Sort by relevance relevance new to the Libraries year new to old year old to new author title. Online 1. Accumulation and heritability of mutations in reef-building corals []. Whether a mutation affects the organism it arises in, the offspring of that organism, or both depends on what type of cell it arises in. In many animals, mutations in germ cells are inherited by the offspring, whereas somatic cells are generally thought not to be inherited.

Somatic mutations can cause cancer, aging, and general genome instability. However, plants and many basal animal taxa may lack embryonic germ-soma distinction. Colonial reef-building corals can grow to be meters across, live for hundreds to thousands of years while maintaining fertility, and almost never develop recognizable tumors.

Whether they have embryonic germline segregation is controversial. All of this makes them a pivotal group in which to understand genome maintenance. Corals also create critical ecosystems that are threatened by many stressors, including ocean warming. Mutation research in corals thus has far-reaching implications for the study of genome integrity and cell lineage development, as well as for the capacity of these animals to adapt when faced with selective pressures.

In this dissertation I characterize the rates and patterns of somatic, germ, and stem cell mutations in corals. I also compare the rates of different types of mutations in corals living under normal conditions to those living in former nuclear test sites. The results yield insight into genome maintenance dynamics and somatic mutation inheritance in a colonial organism with a position in the tree of life that suits it to be key in understanding the evolution of germline-soma distinction.

It also points to how population diversity arises in these animals, key information when considering how they may adapt in the coming years. Online 2. Accurate and efficient simulation of the fluid flow and transport in the subsurface remains a challenging task. In implicit pressure explicit saturation IMPES formulation, the elliptic flow equation is discretized implicitly, whereas the hyperbolic transport equation is explicit.

To ensure stability, the latter requires the choice of a sufficiently small timestep size, such that the local Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy CFL condition is not violated. This restriction leads to a large number of small global timestep sizes which drives the simulation very expensive. In order to take advantage of the local nature of the CFL condition, many local time-stepping methods were proposed. We eliminate the most expensive step of the original algorithm and describe the details of local timestep size assignment to ensure stability for non-convex non-monotone flux functions.

We investigate the performance of the scheme for a number of model problems with various physics including the tracer problem, immiscible two-phase flow in presence of buoyancy and the black oil model. We show that with modified ACTI, the size of the global timestep for explicit update of the transport can be chosen several orders of magnitude larger than that of standard IMPES.

As a result, a speed-up of an order of magnitude is achieved in the number of flux and cell updates while maintaining negligible discrepancies in the solution when compared to conventional IMPES. Jenny, Time adaptive conservative finite volume method," Journal of Computational Physics, vol. Online 3. Advancing retinal prostheses from two to three dimensions []. Huang, Tiffany Wanshing, author. Currently, no therapy exists for such condition, and the loss of sight is permanent.

Subretinal prostheses aim to restore sight via electrical stimulation of the surviving secondary neurons in the retina. This is a rapidly expanding area of research, especially with the boom of neural interfaces in recent years, with many groups focusing on various aspects of such devices. Our group is pursuing a full-system approach, from fabrication of the devices to in-vivo testing and to clinical trials.

In our system, silicon photovoltaic pixels convert light into electrical current to stimulate the nearby neurons. Further improvement of visual acuity requires miniaturization of the pixels and faces many challenges. Simply scaling the pixel size down with flat bipolar arrays decreases the penetration depth of the electric field into the tissue, increasing the stimulation threshold beyond the capacity of even the best charge-injection material.

To enable smaller pixels, moving from flat electrodes into a three-dimensional configuration helps mitigate these issues. Additionally, with planar junction diodes isolated by deep reactive ion etched DRIE trenches, carrier recombination at the pixel side walls may limit the light-to-current efficiency, and growing side-wall oxide results in oxidation-related stress in the Si, especially as pixels scale down.

We addressed these limitations by transitioning from planar to vertical junction diodes. In this thesis, I will discuss the limitations on reducing the pixel size and overcoming these limitations by using 1 pillar electrodes, 2 honeycomb electrodes, and 3 vertical junction diodes validated ex-vivo and in-vivo.

I present the design and fabrication processes of such devices and also demonstrate the resulting photodiode functionality, electrode performance, retinal integration with 3-D devices in-vivo and electrophysiological responses.

I conclude by discussing the remaining work toward full utilization of such devices and moving toward single-cell resolution. Online 4. Algorithms for black-box safety validation []. Corso, Anthony Louis, author. Since human lives are at risk in these applications, we require rigorous safety validation before deployment. Traditional safety validation approaches such as real-world testing and scenario-based testing in simulation are not scalable to complex systems and environments and may miss unforeseen failures.

Formal verification techniques also lack the scalability required for large scale autonomy. The thesis address the safety validation problem with black-box sampling techniques, which assume no knowledge of the design of the autonomous system.

The system takes actions in a stochastic environment and failures are discovered by sampling environmental disturbances. The black-box assumption allows for better scalability to complex autonomous systems and sampling can be combined with machine learning to discover unforeseen failures. Previous black-box safety validation approaches have been based on optimization, path-planning, reinforcement learning and importance sampling.

Although successful for many safety validation applications, existing algorithms may have poor interpretabiliy, scalability, and efficiency. Black-box sampling approaches can provide example failure trajectories but do not provide a high-level description of failures, as scenario-based approaches do.

We present a new technique for generating failure descriptions in the form of signal temporal logic specifications on the environment disturbances. The specifications are optimized with genetic programming to produce failure examples and can used to gain insight into why a failure occurred. A key contribution of this thesis is the proposal and analysis of a state-dependent sampling distribution to approximate the distribution over failures.

The use of the state of the environment produces a more efficient sampling distribution than baseline importance sampling approaches, but may be limited by the size of the state space. To improve scalability, we propose a decomposition technique for multi-agent validation tasks.

Each subproblem is solved independently and the results are combined for better performance than learning from scratch. During the design of an autonomous system, safety validation is performed repeatedly, requiring a large computational expense. We propose a transfer learning technique that can reduce the number of required samples and lead to better performance.

Knowledge from previous validation tasks is transferred to new tasks in the form of value functions that are combined using a learned set of attention weights. Results show improved knowledge transfer between tasks compared to baseline techniques. The safety validation algorithms presented in this work are tested on two gridworld scenarios and two driving scenarios. A simple gridworld scenario is used to illustrate important safety validation concepts while a gridworld with multiple adversaries is used as a test case for multi-agent validation.

A rules-based autonomous driving policy is tested in a crosswalk scenario with a pedestrian and a T-intersection scenario with multiple vehicles. It is shown that the presented algorithms can improve the interpretability, scalability, and efficiency of safety validation. Online 5. In this thesis, I study a simple randomized algorithm for training neural networks with extremely low memory overhead: "guess the gradient"' GTG. I describe how to efficiently compute the directional derivative of the network's loss with respect to a randomly hypothesized gradient, and use this information to refine the hypothesis into a noisy unbiased gradient estimator that can be passed to a standard gradient descent optimizer.

Previous theoretical work has concluded that in convex settings, GTG-like algorithms suffer an O N slowdown for N-dimensional problems, making them impractical for large-scale deep learning. However, because the directional derivative can be computed without backpropagation, GTG can be run using very little memory.

This valuable property, along with the possibility of a simple novel, to our knowledge variance reduction technique, encourages us to nonetheless try applying GTG in memory-bound deep learning settings. We find that in practice GTG does not perform well on a standard deep learning optimization task — but, curiously, not for the "obvious" reason of O N -slower convergence. In early phases of training GTG indeed does as well as SGD with a comparable step size; however, in later phases we observe a sudden "plateauing" phenomenon that is as yet unexplained.

Understanding this phenomenon could suggest a way to make GTG practical, or, failing that, shed light on the surprising effectiveness of SGD. Online 6. An analysis of stem cell trajectories and their molecular determinants []. Wesche, Daniel Jonathan, author.

A detailed understanding of stem cells and their properties is required to unlock the vast promises of 21st century biology across topics ranging from regenerative medicine to gene editing to reproductive medicine. Starting from the discovery of hematopoietic stem cells in , stem cells have been identified in most developing and adult tissues.

Of particular interest to regenerative medicine are tissue-specific stem cells. They exist throughout the organism's life and they can thus in theory be isolated from and their abilities be harnessed for most adult patients. Two central questions have to be answered for every adult tissue of interest: 1 what is the identity of the stem cell in the tissue; and 2 how are the tissue's stem cells properties regulated; specifically, how are they maintained throughout life and what molecular signals induce their differentiation into any of the cell types they can generate?

The first question is therefore of interest to the many remaining tissues of which the description of the cellular hierarchy is incomplete. This includes many cancers, which tend to display slightly altered hierarchical relationships compared to their normal tissue equivalents. A notable exception is the hematopoietic stem cell, which is understood in significantly more detail than any other adult stem cell. The hematopoietic system is thus a prime candidate to study the second question, both regarding general themes of stem cell biology as well as the development of methods of analysis that can eventually be applied to other stem cell systems.

In this dissertation, I examine the utility of gene expression and chromatin accessibility in two contexts: 1 globally to identify stem cells, and 2 regarding specific genes to understand behavioral changes of stem cells. In the first part of this dissertation I address the question of stem cell identity.

I first discuss how to identify stem cells and tissue hierarchies in a data-driven manner, starting from scRNA-seq data. Next, I show the application of these principles to the human liver. The second part of this dissertation concerns stem cell behavior regarding differentiation in the example of the hematopoietic system.

In Chapter 4 I assess stem cell heterogeneity and its influence on functional outcomes of differentiation. Finally, I discuss preliminary evidence for a novel feedback mechanism from the peripheral lymphoid lineage to the hematopoietic stem cell in Chapter 5. Online 7. Gao, Xuhua, author. Description Book — 1 online resource. Summary Besides the ocean and the atmosphere, the solid Earth is also subject to tidal forces, and the tide-induced deformation of the solid Earth can be observed and utilized to retrieve useful subsurface information.

In this work, we illustrated the application of Earth tide analysis in subsurface monitoring by covering topics including extraction of Earth tide signals from downhole pressure data, analysis of extracted tidal signals and computation of amplitudes and phases, analytical relationship between the reservoir tidal response and the theoretical tidal stress for different types of reservoirs, effects of wellbore storage and skin on reservoir tidal responses, the radius of influence of the Earth tide analysis and the atmospheric loading effects.

Tidal fluctuations have been observed in downhole pressure measurements for a long time. We studied the application of data spline and the Savitzky--Golay filter S-G filter in extracting tidal signals from downhole pressure data. It was found that both algorithms can extract tidal signals effectively with appropriate nodal distance or approximation window size. The data spline and the S-G filter can be combined to extract and smooth the tidal signals. Discrete Fourier transform can be applied to decompose the extracted signals and compute the amplitude and the phase corresponding to a tidal constituent.

The application of a phase interpolation approach and the Hanning window can improve the accuracy of the phase estimation. An integrated tidal analysis approach based on data spine, S-G filter, discrete Fourier transform, phase interpolation and the Hanning window was developed to perform the extraction of tidal signals from downhole pressure data, the decomposition of extracted signals into different tidal constituents, and the computation of amplitude ratios and phase shifts.

Tidal response models were established to describe the relationship between reservoir and wellbore properties and the tidal information obtained from the extracted signals, including the amplitude ratio and the phase shift. The tidal response models were elaborated under different reservoir and wellbore conditions.

For perfectly confined reservoirs without fluid flows, the tidal efficiency and the loading efficiency can be utilized to monitor poroelastic property changes in onshore and offshore reservoirs respectively.

General tidal response models were developed for confined reservoirs with only horizontal flows and semiconfined reservoirs with both horizontal and vertical flows. The skin effect and wellbore storage effect were considered in the analytical models. For confined reservoirs, the amplitude ratio and the phase shift were expressed as functions of dimensionless transmissivity, dimensionless wellbore storage, and the skin factor.

We found that higher positive skin factor can lead to more negative phase shifts, and a negative skin factor can potentially lead to a phase advance. For semiconfined reservoirs with vertical leakage, the amplitude ratio and phase shift also depend on the magnitude of the vertical leakage. The analytical solution for semiconfined reservoirs indicates that larger vertical leakage can cause smaller amplitude ratio and larger phase advance or smaller phase lag.

Based on the analytical solution, the effect of vertical leakage can be separated from that of enhanced permeability around the wellbore, and the phase shift contributed by each of the two effects can be evaluated independently.

A tidal response model based on a two-layer radial composite reservoir setting was developed to investigate the effects of radial heterogeneity on the Earth tide analysis. Wellbore storage and skin effects were considered in the tidal response model. The analytical solution indicates that the change in the amplitude ratio gradually decreases as the interface radius increases, and the amplitude ratio eventually converges to a constant value at the radius of influence.

The radius of influence of the Earth tide analysis is positively correlated with the effective diffusivity, which was defined as the ratio of the conventional reservoir diffusivity to the tidal frequency. The results given by the analytical model were compared with those from a reservoir simulator, and the radii of influence obtained from the two approaches were consistent.

Finally, the effects of atmospheric loading on onshore reservoirs were studied, and an analytical model incorporating both the Earth tide effects and atmospheric loading effects was proposed. The solution to the analytical model provided the combined wellbore pressure response to both effects.

The wellbore storage and skin effects were incorporated in the combined model, and it was found that larger wellbore storage or skin effects can result in smaller amplitude and longer time delay of the combined response. Online 8. Applied single-cell methods for basic and translational immunology []. Glass, David Richard, author. Understanding the role of each cell in that network requires accurate quantification of informative biological features of single cells. Here, we innovated and applied single-cell methods and purpose- driven computational analyses to problems in basic and translational immunology.

We developed a highly-multiplexed screen to quantify the co-expression of surface molecules on millions of human B cells. We identified differentially expressed molecules and aligned their variance with isotype usage, VDJ sequence, metabolic profile, biosynthesis activity, and signaling response. Based on these analyses, we proposed a classification scheme to segregate B cells from four lymphoid tissues into twelve unique subsets, providing a framework for further investigations of human B cell identity and function.

Additionally, we introduced morphometry, a high-throughput, quantitative, single-cell mass-cytometry-based assay that measures cell morphological features by their underlying molecular components. We applied multiplexed morphometric profiling and surface molecule immunophenotyping to 71 diverse clinical hematopathology samples and demonstrated that our approach was superior to flow cytometry and comparable to expert microscopy for tumor cell identification and enumeration.

We introduced linear discriminant analysis LDA to generate morphometric maps that facilitate visualization and quantification of tumor cells. This contextualization of traditional surface markers on independent morphometric frameworks permits more sensitive and automated diagnosis of complex hematopoietic diseases. Online 9. Applying super-resolution microscopy to investigate the regulatory structure of the genome [].

Mateo, Leslie Johanna, author. Both the spatial and temporal expression of a gene are largely regulated by non-coding sequences in the genome. The genome is folded into compartments, topological associated domains TADs , and loops, as determined by sequencing-based technology such as Hi-C.

Many of the differences in cell type arise from specific interactions between distal enhancers and their target promoters, which are typically located thousands to hundreds of thousands of basepairs apart. Long-range enhancer and promoter activity and the specific of enhancer-promoter interactions are believed to arise from the cell-type specific genome folding. How this genome organization is established and regulated during development is not well understood. Hi-C and other sequencing-based assays lack information pertaining to the spatial organization of cells in tissues, and largely provide population-level information, not single cell, which makes it challenging to understand how genome folding might contribute to differences among cell types.

Thus, there is a great need for approaches that provide a view of the chromatin organization and transcriptional activity in single cells. Here, I present my work developing and using a super-resolution technique to gain such an unprecedented view.

We discovered that single cells do have TAD-like structures that are heterogeneous across cells. However, the boundary positions of these single cell TADs do preferentially lie at insulator boundary protein CTCF and cohesin binding sites.

Although depletion of cohesin is crucial for the presence of TADs at the population-level, we found that the TAD-like domains in single cells are not dependent on cohesin. Thus, my findings using ORCA in cultured cells Chapter 2 shed important new light to genome organization in single cells.

My interest in gene regulation led me to expand our microscopy approach by making ORCA compatible with multiplex RNA imaging to enable direct correlation between chromatin structure and gene expression on a cell-by-cell basis. Furthermore, I expanded our experimental system by applying ORCA to cryosectioned Drosophila embryos to investigate the role of 3D genome structure in loci, such as in the bithorax complex BX-C , with well-studied enhancers.

Using embryos with genetic perturbations allowed me to determine that the genetic elements at TAD boundaries drive proper cell-type specific enhancer-promoter contacts and gene expression. My results Chapter 3 suggest that architectural proteins, such as CTCF and cohesin, at TAD boundaries are responsible for the establishment of 3D organization during development. Additionally, my results emphasize the need to study cell-type specific chromatin structures on a cell-by-cell and cell type basis, an area that is still largely unexplored.

To facilitate such exploration, I worked towards making our approach accessible to other researchers that are interested in 3D genome architecture and transcriptional activity Chapter 4. To determine the role of architectural proteins in genome organization Chapter 5 , I took advantage of Drosophila genetics and obtained null allele mutant embryos that lacked zygotic expression of architectural proteins such as Rad21, Wapl, CTCF, and CP However, as the maternal transcripts for these architectural proteins were present throughout embryogenesis, the maternally encoded proteins appeared to be sufficient to retain genome structure in the zygotic null mutants.

My results raise the probability that other Drosophila insulator binding proteins, such as CP, may play a redundant insulation function. To examine the role of various cis-acting insulator elements, I have begun preliminary studies in investigating how inserting insulators into the genome affects long-range cis-regulatory interactions Chapter 6. Overall, the development of ORCA has enabled us to begin understanding the mechanisms underlying genome organization and their role in regulating transcription in a complex tissue.

As our techniques improve and becomes more accessible to other researchers in the field, we are certain that the methods we have developed will play a role in un-covering the function of various chromatin components, such as transcription factors and epigenetic state, in establishing the 3D genome organization during development.

ABD ALL BUT DISSERTATION

Huge shifts in social attitudes over recent years have ignited the debate concerning the way in which family law deals with same-sex couples. This is particularly the case for the law on marriage and civil partnerships.

This study will critically explore why, if same-sex couples are given the same rights in civil partnerships as married couples, the law does not permit same-sex couples to marry. Is this discrepancy the result of outdated traditional morality or do more profound reasons lurk behind the law's current stance? The study will examine why same-sex couples have thus far been denied the right to marry, and the potential consequences that may arise should they be given such a right. It will be demonstrated that there are no other apparent reasons than outdated ascriptions to the sanctity of marriage, and that consequently reform is not only necessary, but overdue.

Although the law's approach appears to be more symbolic than anything else, it is clear that the time has come to allow same-sex couples to marry. Law: Relationships, Families and the Law Manual 1. It was stated by Lord Hoffman in the landmark decision of Piglowska v Piglowski that 'to allow successive appeal in the hope of producing an answer which accords with perfect justice is to kill the parties with kindness'.

The case demonstrates those unfortunate situations in which litigation cost more to distribute ancillary relief than the value of the actual funds distributed. This study will explore the tendency of parties to appeal decisions on grounds of 'wrongness' disguised as 'legal error'. The courts ambit of discretion in determining how ancillary relief is to be distributed will be critically examined, in conjunction with expectations of fairness. It will be demonstrated that the concept of fairness is a major cause of dissatisfaction between parties in such cases, for individual fairness is inherently distinct to fairness in conjunction with the rule of law.

The effect of Pigloswka on the broad ambit of discretion afforded by the Matrimonial Causes Act will be evaluated, in conjunction with the courts' clear willingness to ensure that fairness is a paramount consideration in ancillary relief cases.

J, vol. The focus of this study is to identify the effects and challenges of domestic violence on male victims. It seeks to reveal the hidden aspects of abused men who suffer with often little legal redress or support. It is commonly concluded that the impact of domestic violence on male victims is greater than female victims because of the inadequate support available, both legally and socially.

Research shows that a considerable number of men suffer domestic violence; this study will seek to explore whether the law adequately deals with male victims. An array of weaknesses and gaps in the law will be revealed, which will progress to a variety of proposals for improvement and reform so that the law can deal appropriately with male victims of domestic violence.

Responding to domestic violence, 4th edn, London: Sage Publications. The welfare of children attracts a considerable degree of literature involving cross-national quantitative analysis, where the quality of life of children has been partially defined as the rate of infant mortality.

This literature provides evidence which serves to support a number of theoretical perspectives, each seeking to explain the cross-national variations in infant mortality rates. These theories have included political modernization, economic growth, the position of countries in the international economic and political order, the status of the sexes, and governmental power.

A quality of life indicator that has been the focus of an extensive amount of qualitative literature is child labour. Child labour poses a major threat across the globe. This study will seek to examine existing legal mechanisms devised to prevent and detect child labour. The UK's stance on and contribution to the prevention of child labour will be critically examined, leading to an ultimate conclusion as to what more could be done. Children Enslaved, New York: Routledge. To what extent is the UK granted authority to intervene in the private lives of families when a child's safety and wellbeing is at stake?

This study will examine this burning issue, focusing on the delicate issues that courts are often faced with when children are neglected and abused. When does legislation permit state intervention, the removal of children from the family home or the termination of parental rights? Although the definition of abuse and neglect varies internationally, the UK's Children Act generally requires that the conduct of parents create a serious risk of immediate harm to the child.

Yet how is the concept of 'significant harm' defined by the courts and how do they exercise the discretion that is granted to them? This study will seek to explore the extent to which the UK seeks to protect children from neglect and abuse, evaluating whether such discretion granted to the courts is desirably flexible or should be restricted.

Ensuring Fairness: the Division of Finances in Divorce. This study will consider the case law principles and statutory provisions which govern the division of finances upon divorce in a bid to achieve fairness. Developments in the areas of legal aid and mediation affecting divorce law will be evaluated in order to arrive at a conclusion as to whether they are suitable or lacking in application and content.

The law has as of yet declined to adopt an absolute stance on the division of assets; consequently the law has been severely criticised. As the current law stands, it is a conglomeration of precedents and legal principles developed by the courts; this is primarily due to the fact that the law on ancillary relief has not been reformed since the mid-sixties.

This has caused uncertainty to result in such cases. The study will examine the main areas in need of reform, predicting the effects of such reforms and accentuating the need to adopt an updated, consistent approach to ancillary relief.

The core concept here will therefore be that of fairness. Yet should flexibility be sacrificed in the bid for certainty or should the law maintain some elements of flexibility in order to encourage settlements. The interests of the resident parent appear to outweigh those of the child. This is an outdated approach adopted by the decision of Payne and is in dire need of reform. The modernisation of family life has presented a major problem to the courts in situations concerning the type of residence order that is to be chosen for the child when parents separate.

The issue is indeed sensitive, requiring that the court attach relevance to a number of equally valid considerations. A basic approach to the issue of residence orders leads one to automatically assume that the court should give priority to the parent that spends the largest amount of time with the child. However, this may not always be the best option; hence determining issues of 'time' is inherently problematic as well as questionable in terms of plausibility.

These issues will be explored by this study, which will seek to establish the approach of the court in determining which residence order is the most apt according to the particular situation. However, while there are major problems in this area of the law, it is arguable that the approach of the court conveys an increasing preparedness to contemplate as a viable option the shared residence order.

You will find some great ideas and suggestions to trigger your creative juices 1. Divorce law for male and female members of the society, does it favor any particular gender or is it only a perception 2. Marital law and how does it apply to people who marry without their consent. What is the stance of law about forced marriages and how can one prove it in the court of law 3. Residential sharing by step parents and children, how does the law ensure everyone gets their deserved right and place 4.

Child protection cases in the united kingdom, which of the state seems to have most trouble with such cases and why is it so 5. Child abuse-is it relevant to punishing your toddlers and teenagers to discipline? What is the boundary between child abuse and punishing your kids for setting their limits 6. Domestic violence and its effect on the male and female members separately, which of them has a stronger case in the eye of law and how can we remove that biasness 7.

Custody cases for divorced parents, how does it work and what does the law have to say about custody of the kid for each parent 8. Long distance relationships and their legal value separate from the religious and cultural aspects Child labor- what are we doing to eradicate it and how does our legal system set limits and ensure that they are met The ideal family- how would you define it in legal terms and is there a way to measure or compare this? Adoption- Why and how does the state allow a couple to adopt a child and what are the common challenges in this case Separated parents- How does the law ensure that the children have the least psychological effect of the mistakes made by their parents What does the law say about children of the convicted?

You should tackle numerous tasks to create a good doctoral project: a specific research question should be framed, suitable resources for relevant cases and regulations should be found, legal authorities should be interviewed, and proper legal terms should be used in the process of writing. Creating a title is a final step to be taken. The title is used not only to name your work. It should summarize what your dissertation is about.

Namely, you should inform of your area of interest, hint at the focus of your research, and draw attention to specific outcomes of your research. Take the time to formulate a successful title for your dissertation in family law. As you see, a wide variety of topic ideas in family law can be presented in many different ways. When creating a title, remember to convey the essence of your research. Choose components that are the most significant for answering your research question.

Avoid components that are not deeply explored in your work. Dissertations are known by their titles, so make sure that your doctoral project is named in a relevant and clear way. One of the most challenging assignments is the law dissertation. Choosing an inspirational topic will make the process of crafting a dissertation more successful for you.

There are so many topics to choose from and many have been written about more often that law professors would like to admit. Here are a few topics that will hopefully inspire you: 1. Criminal law ideas are always interesting. You can focus on international terrorism and the role of nations and individuals.

You can also focus on smaller criminal law, like defending the criminals or even Samaritan laws. Another timely topic is rape and where consent fits. Tort law is all about injuries and who is to blame. Lawyers often need to analyze the cost of an injury, which could become the focus of an interesting dissertation. Tort law even focuses on trespassing, especially when damages are done. Law students could even look into damages from psychological treatments.

Employment law usually involves discrimination and the newest cases will involve discrimination against people against homosexuals. There are always cases about gender discrimination. Both topics make for fascinating research. States and nations have different laws about employment rights. Intellectual property involves patents, trademarks, and Internet law. Property online is a topic that is worth researching, especially since it can be difficult to understand exactly what is owned by companies and individuals and what is open to the public.

It can also be interesting to look at what educators can use safely, too. Trust law involves passing assets from deceased family members to those who are still living. Charitable trusts can also be interesting to study to see how they can best use their money to make a difference in the world.

Family law is about protecting the rights of the family. This means that the role of caregivers needs to be defined. Law students enjoy looking at the right of the child, especially when it comes to divorce and custody. Medical law is all about the rights of the patient and the health-care provider.

As legal definitions continue to change in this area of law, students have plenty of topics that can research. Law Dissertation Titles We have provided the selection of example law dissertation titles below to help and inspire you. If you need help with the Topic and Titles for your own dissertation then our writers are avilable to help. Shareholder vs. Stakeholder: Two Approaches to Corporate Governance.

An analysis of whistleblower incentives and protection provisions under the Dodd-Frank Act of anti-dumping WTO disputes. The impact of competition law on the performance of telecom companies in EU. This is about the role of Anti-dumping agreements in the protection of the competition and demonopolization objectives of the WTO: Legitimate remedy or veiled protectionism?

Examine with reference to decided cases and statutory provisions, the disadvantages to a lender in taking as security a floating charge as opposed to a fixed charge and the steps that may be taken to minimise the effect of such disadvantages. Critically discuss the law governing responsibilities and duties of corporate directors in the public corporations- The thesis will be a comparative study between threes different legal systems, namely English, American, and Saudi Arabian corporate laws.

To what extent flexibility is provided for insurance regulation in European Union and United States. A critical discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of codification of directors' duties: the South Africa perspective.

Does the Lloyds Bank Merger raise issues in relation to Company take overs or mergers? Is Companies Act very different from Companies Act with regard to small companies? Reform of the Corporate Opportunity doctrine in English law. Stabilisation clauses in Petroleum Contracts in Ghana: A false sense of security. The origin and relevance of Corporate Social Responsibility on corporate business conduct.

You will find some great ideas and suggestions to trigger your creative juices Divorce law for male and female members of the society, does it favor any particular gender or is it only a perception Marital law and how does it apply to people who marry without their consent. What is the stance of law about forced marriages and how can one prove it in the court of law Residential sharing by step parents and children, how does the law ensure everyone gets their deserved right and place Child protection cases in the united kingdom, which of the state seems to have most trouble with such cases and why is it so Child abuse-is it relevant to punishing your toddlers and teenagers to discipline?

What is the boundary between child abuse and punishing your kids for setting their limits Domestic violence and its effect on the male and female members separately, which of them has a stronger case in the eye of law and how can we remove that biasness Custody cases for divorced parents, how does it work and what does the law have to say about custody of the kid for each parent How does the legal procedure work if a person is unable to feed and afford his family due to poverty or lack of resources Long distance relationships and their legal value separate from the religious and cultural aspects Child labor- what are we doing to eradicate it and how does our legal system set limits and ensure that they are met The ideal family- how would you define it in legal terms and is there a way to measure or compare this?

How does it ensure they get equal rights like normal children Expert speech writing services - get your speech written by professional speech writer. Citing Rules 7 basic thesis citing rules Thesis citation advice. Structure Tips Parts of a college thesis Formatting a dissertation Thesis conclusion writing.

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These tips can help you cope. As a military spouse whose career is interrupted, consider these job-seeking suggestions. You may be living with foster parents or in a group home, but you have the right to expect to be treated as well as if you lived with your own family.

Foster children of all ages have rights. If you think self-doubt is undermining your chances to excel, try these tips for building confidence at work. Support for Military Spouses Military OneSource offers military spouses free and confidential support to help them build resilience and overcome challenges.

Read More Spotlight Coping With a Long-distance Marriage Though absence may make the heart grow fonder, it can also add stress to a marriage. Relocation: Job-seeking Strategies for the Career-interrupted Spouse As a military spouse whose career is interrupted, consider these job-seeking suggestions. The radius of influence of the Earth tide analysis is positively correlated with the effective diffusivity, which was defined as the ratio of the conventional reservoir diffusivity to the tidal frequency.

The results given by the analytical model were compared with those from a reservoir simulator, and the radii of influence obtained from the two approaches were consistent. Finally, the effects of atmospheric loading on onshore reservoirs were studied, and an analytical model incorporating both the Earth tide effects and atmospheric loading effects was proposed. The solution to the analytical model provided the combined wellbore pressure response to both effects. The wellbore storage and skin effects were incorporated in the combined model, and it was found that larger wellbore storage or skin effects can result in smaller amplitude and longer time delay of the combined response.

Online 8. Applied single-cell methods for basic and translational immunology []. Glass, David Richard, author. Understanding the role of each cell in that network requires accurate quantification of informative biological features of single cells. Here, we innovated and applied single-cell methods and purpose- driven computational analyses to problems in basic and translational immunology. We developed a highly-multiplexed screen to quantify the co-expression of surface molecules on millions of human B cells.

We identified differentially expressed molecules and aligned their variance with isotype usage, VDJ sequence, metabolic profile, biosynthesis activity, and signaling response. Based on these analyses, we proposed a classification scheme to segregate B cells from four lymphoid tissues into twelve unique subsets, providing a framework for further investigations of human B cell identity and function.

Additionally, we introduced morphometry, a high-throughput, quantitative, single-cell mass-cytometry-based assay that measures cell morphological features by their underlying molecular components. We applied multiplexed morphometric profiling and surface molecule immunophenotyping to 71 diverse clinical hematopathology samples and demonstrated that our approach was superior to flow cytometry and comparable to expert microscopy for tumor cell identification and enumeration.

We introduced linear discriminant analysis LDA to generate morphometric maps that facilitate visualization and quantification of tumor cells. This contextualization of traditional surface markers on independent morphometric frameworks permits more sensitive and automated diagnosis of complex hematopoietic diseases.

Online 9. Applying super-resolution microscopy to investigate the regulatory structure of the genome []. Mateo, Leslie Johanna, author. Both the spatial and temporal expression of a gene are largely regulated by non-coding sequences in the genome.

The genome is folded into compartments, topological associated domains TADs , and loops, as determined by sequencing-based technology such as Hi-C. Many of the differences in cell type arise from specific interactions between distal enhancers and their target promoters, which are typically located thousands to hundreds of thousands of basepairs apart. Long-range enhancer and promoter activity and the specific of enhancer-promoter interactions are believed to arise from the cell-type specific genome folding.

How this genome organization is established and regulated during development is not well understood. Hi-C and other sequencing-based assays lack information pertaining to the spatial organization of cells in tissues, and largely provide population-level information, not single cell, which makes it challenging to understand how genome folding might contribute to differences among cell types. Thus, there is a great need for approaches that provide a view of the chromatin organization and transcriptional activity in single cells.

Here, I present my work developing and using a super-resolution technique to gain such an unprecedented view. We discovered that single cells do have TAD-like structures that are heterogeneous across cells. However, the boundary positions of these single cell TADs do preferentially lie at insulator boundary protein CTCF and cohesin binding sites.

Although depletion of cohesin is crucial for the presence of TADs at the population-level, we found that the TAD-like domains in single cells are not dependent on cohesin. Thus, my findings using ORCA in cultured cells Chapter 2 shed important new light to genome organization in single cells.

My interest in gene regulation led me to expand our microscopy approach by making ORCA compatible with multiplex RNA imaging to enable direct correlation between chromatin structure and gene expression on a cell-by-cell basis. Furthermore, I expanded our experimental system by applying ORCA to cryosectioned Drosophila embryos to investigate the role of 3D genome structure in loci, such as in the bithorax complex BX-C , with well-studied enhancers.

Using embryos with genetic perturbations allowed me to determine that the genetic elements at TAD boundaries drive proper cell-type specific enhancer-promoter contacts and gene expression. My results Chapter 3 suggest that architectural proteins, such as CTCF and cohesin, at TAD boundaries are responsible for the establishment of 3D organization during development. Additionally, my results emphasize the need to study cell-type specific chromatin structures on a cell-by-cell and cell type basis, an area that is still largely unexplored.

To facilitate such exploration, I worked towards making our approach accessible to other researchers that are interested in 3D genome architecture and transcriptional activity Chapter 4. To determine the role of architectural proteins in genome organization Chapter 5 , I took advantage of Drosophila genetics and obtained null allele mutant embryos that lacked zygotic expression of architectural proteins such as Rad21, Wapl, CTCF, and CP However, as the maternal transcripts for these architectural proteins were present throughout embryogenesis, the maternally encoded proteins appeared to be sufficient to retain genome structure in the zygotic null mutants.

My results raise the probability that other Drosophila insulator binding proteins, such as CP, may play a redundant insulation function. To examine the role of various cis-acting insulator elements, I have begun preliminary studies in investigating how inserting insulators into the genome affects long-range cis-regulatory interactions Chapter 6.

Overall, the development of ORCA has enabled us to begin understanding the mechanisms underlying genome organization and their role in regulating transcription in a complex tissue. As our techniques improve and becomes more accessible to other researchers in the field, we are certain that the methods we have developed will play a role in un-covering the function of various chromatin components, such as transcription factors and epigenetic state, in establishing the 3D genome organization during development.

Online Artistic vision : providing contextual guidance for capture-time decisions []. E, Jane Little, author. Many of these creative choices happen in real time during the capture process, as the photographer takes in the scene around them and navigates a space of so many possibilities and uncertainties.

However, today's resources for learning photography, such as books, classes, and example photos, are largely disconnected from the capture process. Photographers are therefore faced with the task of navigating, in real-time, a seemingly infinite space of possible creative choices while relying on a disconnected space of learning resources that can feel both inaccessible and overwhelming in the moment.

The primary insight of my research is that real-time contextual guidance, embedded directly in the camera, can make accessing relevant parts of this wealth of information more approachable and actionable. The feedback assists in cutting through the noise of endless possibilities and focuses photographers' attention on targeted, meaningful creative choices. My dissertation presents a set of capture-time interfaces that provide real-time contextual guidance.

This guidance takes the form of light touch cues presented as automatically generated visual overlays, where each overlay is designed to focus on a specific photographic concept. Each interface's goal is to understand what an expert might be noticing in considering the targeted photographic concept and to, via an annotation overlay, direct a novice user's awareness in a similar manner. In designing this real-time contextual guidance, I take inspiration from photographers' current practice of directing attention through manually drawing annotations onto photos.

Today, this practice is mostly restricted to post-hoc feedback used to point out specific decisions or potential mistakes that the artist made. I develop algorithmic approaches designed to understand conceptually relevant aspects of the scene that the photographer is viewing. These algorithms generate annotations that are displayed in the camera in real time.

The annotations can move beyond explaining why a specific decision was made, towards helping the photographer become aware of artistic choices that could be made, providing guidance while encouraging creativity and exploration. Through the overlays, we hope to help novices train their eye to see in the way that experts do. Specifically, I present in-camera guidance interfaces tackling three important photographic concepts: portrait lighting, composition, and decluttering.

The portrait lighting tool helps users be more aware of the available lighting styles and reorient their subject to best achieve the lighting style of their choice. The composition guidance tool makes users more aware of the current composition by highlighting lines in a composition grid that are most relevant to the camera view.

The decluttering tool increases users' awareness of clutter that would draw attention away from the main story of the image by abstracting the camera view to outline edges around the subject s or the image borders. For each interface, I describe my process for designing a novice-interpretable visualization and how it captures context relevant to the target concept.

I then evaluate each interface by asking novice photographers to take photos with these tools while focusing on their target concept. Together, these tools and their evaluations demonstrate that such awareness-based visual guidance camera interfaces can help people be more intentional about their artistic choices. By making users more aware of possible options and mistakes, the interfaces introduced in this dissertation encourage users to explore the space in a more informed manner.

In this way, the tools presented in my dissertation help users become more confident in their ability to achieve their artistic goals. Cheung-Miaw, Calvin Ryan, author. In particular, it explains why Third Worldism - the belief that Asian American, Chicanx, African American, and Native American communities faced analogous, though not identical, situations of racial oppression - went from being ensconced within Asian American Studies to appearing untenable to its former adherents, over the course of three decades.

I argue that this shift developed from theories Asian American intellectuals mobilized in response to conflicts in the s that pit Asian Americans against other communities of color. Drawing on Asian American Studies publications across fields ranging from legal studies to literary theory, as well as privately held collections, unprocessed records, and archival research, I explore the field-defining debates over Asian American political behavior, class, gender, educational access, and multiracial solidarity, from the beginning of the field in the late s to the turn of the 21st century.

I show how Third Worldism inspired Asian American Studies scholars - Asian Americanists - to develop analytical frameworks based on the idea that a unique anti-Asian racism affected all Asian Americans and provided the potential basis for ethnic and multiracial solidarity.

These frameworks, however, produced unintended consequences. As rapid demographic changes within Asian America generated greater levels of ethnic and class diversity, and as those changes precipitated conflicts with other communities of color, the belief that anti-Asian racism grounded a common Asian American group interest actually led Asian American intellectuals to conclude that Asian American group interest might diverge from those of other communities of color. In providing the first intellectual history of Asian American Studies, the project locates the historical roots of contemporary controversies over relations between Asian American communities and other communities of color.

Ultimately, it demonstrates how Asian Americanists' discussions of racial identity shaped the national discussion on racial and ethnic politics. E25 V. Basin and petroleum system modeling and global sensitivity analyses of natural gas hydrates [].

Dafov, Laura, author. This solid form of natural gas is extensively found offshore every continent on Earth and potentially has a greater amount of energy than all other forms of oil, gas, and coal combined. Therefore, it is of interest for industry, academia, and government sectors, particularly for nations that have limited domestic natural gas resources.

Gas hydrates tie in with CO2 sequestration or storage, energy resources, the global carbon cycle, and geohazards. Basin and petroleum system modeling is a quantitative algorithmic approach that utilizes diverse datasets including, but not limited to, well logs, paleontology, stratigraphy, petrophysics, and seismic data to make deterministic, iterative, forward-modeling predictions.

It integrates geology, geophysics, geochemistry, engineering, geostatistics, and rock physics to model the sedimentary and tectonic evolution of basins, as well as to model and predict the generation, migration, and accumulation of hydrocarbons in up to three dimensions through geologic time. Though widely used for the modeling of conventional oil and gas systems, basin and petroleum system modeling only recently has been used to study gas hydrate systems, with the first non-proprietary gas hydrate basin and petroleum system model published in Sensitivity analysis is the study of how variation of uncertain input parameters impacts the response of interest and has great potential application to basin and petroleum system modeling of gas hydrates.

A couple of strengths of sensitivity analysis are that it helps determine which data are most important to acquire for reducing uncertainty and it can help simplify a complex problem by identifying less important input parameters. Local sensitivity analysis is a one-at-a-time sensitivity analysis technique that analyzes the effect of one parameter on a function at a time, keeping the other parameters fixed. It explores only a small fraction of the design space, especially when there are many parameters, and is a simple screening method that is widely used across disciplines.

Furthermore, the local sensitivity analysis method does not evaluate parameter interactions for non-linear effects. On the other hand, global sensitivity analysis is a powerful tool that has never before been used for gas hydrate basin and petroleum system modeling despite it being effective at evaluating parameter interactions for non-linear effects. Global sensitivity analysis helps understand and simplify the complexity of problems and elucidates what model variables impact data, decisions, and forecasts.

II Chapter 1 highlights: We built a detailed more than 25 million cells quantitative 3D basin and petroleum system model of Terrebonne Basin, Gulf of Mexico, for dynamic gas hydrate studies and to be used to support planning for scientific drilling. Original interpretations of the geology, using seismic imaging and well logs, are presented, including a proposed mechanism for the presence of giant gas mounds.

Our model predicts present-day gas and gas hydrate volumes, saturations and distributions of accumulations, marine gas hydrate recycling by which gas hydrate saturations at the base of the gas hydrate stability zone increase through time due to, for example, sediment burial , and the potential source of gas in the basin specifically, thermogenic versus biogenic.

The source of gas determines whether light or heavy gases likely exist, which have different economic implications, the latter being more valuable. Our model is calibrated to porosity and pressure data and our model-based gas hydrate saturation predictions align with what is observed in well log and seismic data vertically and laterally.

We suggest that our 3D model has application to future studies that seek to understand gas hydrates as they relate to faults, fractures, lithologic variations, salt tectonics, erosion, pressures, changing water column conditions, temperature changes, and gas sources, as these Earth system features have all been incorporated into our model. III Chapter 2 highlights: By harnessing theoretical 2D basin and petroleum system models and real-world inspired models based on the well-studied salt diapir-associated gas hydrate sites at Green Canyon Gulf of Mexico and Blake Ridge U.

Atlantic coast , we demonstrate that salt structures provide a heat flow-driven mechanism for marine gas hydrate recycling that results in enhanced saturations. Our work also provides insight into the roles of basal heat flows, salt diapir diameters, and sediment thermal conductivities in controlling optimal gas hydrate accumulations in salt basins.

Broadly speaking, we suggest that gas hydrate and associated gas accumulations above salt diapir crests represent attractive targets for hydrocarbon resource exploration and for scientific drilling expeditions aimed at characterizing these systems.

It therefore follows that salt basins are compelling localities for studying our newly proposed mechanism of salt diapir heat flow-driven enhanced gas hydrate and gas accumulations. IV Chapter 3 highlights: We developed a widely-applicable, novel automated method that results in thousands of unique 2D basin and petroleum system models of gas hydrates and it applies global sensitivity analysis to them.

To put this in perspective, only tens of basin and petroleum system models of gas hydrates have been published. Our work is the first time, at least in the public domain, that global sensitivity analysis has been coupled with basin and petroleum system modeling of gas hydrates. We believe our 2D basin and petroleum system model scenarios, as well as their associated organized databases of 10s of thousands of extracted input and output values, can be used as templates and guides for future basin and petroleum system modeling of gas hydrates and of other hydrocarbon systems.

Our work provides insight into the relative importance of different geologic properties when assessing gas hydrate stability zone thicknesses, gas hydrate saturations, and gas saturations by utilizing quantitative and objective measures of sensitivity.

Furthermore, this powerful tool reveals important geologic input interactions that cannot otherwise be observed using the traditionally used method of local sensitivity analysis. One of our many geologic takeaways or recommendations is that professionals who plan to explore for gas hydrate accumulations should consider shallow to midwater depths more so than deepwater, because our results show that those basin models are more conducive, geologically, for gas hydrate accumulations that have relatively high saturations.

Our two distinct sets of models span a wide range of basin scenarios intended to represent: 1 the entire world and 2 the sites where gas hydrates have been found or inferred. We use these results to answer questions about how to improve global map predictions. Our work provides original plots illustrating the relationship between basal heat flow and the gas hydrate stability zone that could be useful in new ventures or other exploration of conventional petroleum systems where a gas hydrate stability zone is observed or inferred.

Basal heat flow is among the least known values when gathering information about a basin. Our plots can be used as a guide to determine what the likely range of basal heat flows is acceptable for a basin, which can result in the difference between generation of oil or gas. Battle of forms : konkurrierende AGB im multilateralen Rechtsvergleich [].

Although the parties may have reached a consensus on all the material points of their contractual relationship, they have not reached an agreement on the applicable standard terms. In this situation it is doubtful whether a contract has come into existence and if one has, what the content of the contract is and, if the parties used choice of law clauses, what the applicable law is.

Felix Aden analyses the battle of forms using a multilateral comparative law approach. A44 Unavailable. Beyond enhancer-promoter contact : leveraging deep learning to connect super-resolution DNA traces to transcription []. Rajpurkar, Aparna Rajiv, author. Recent advances in super-resolution microscopy have made it possible to measure chromatin 3D structure and transcription in thousands of single cells.

However, leveraging these complex datasets with a computationally unbiased method has not been achieved. In this dissertation, I present a deep learning-based approach to better understand to what degree chromatin structure relates to the transcriptional state of individual cells. Furthermore, I explore methods to "unpack the black box" to determine in an unbiased manner which structural features of chromatin regulation are most important for gene expression state.

I apply this approach to the Optical Reconstruction of Chromatin Architecture dataset of the Bithorax gene cluster in Drosophila and show it significantly outperforms previous contact-focused methods. This work finds the structural information is distributed across the domain, overlapping and extending beyond domains identified by prior genetic analyses. Individual enhancer-promoter interactions are a minor contributor to predictions of activity.

Biocompatible materials for fluorescence imaging in the second near-infrared window []. Ma, Zhuoran, author. In particular, imaging in the long wavelength end of the NIR-II window 1,, nm, NIR-IIb window minimizes scattering and completely eliminates autofluorescence, affording tissue penetration up to sub-centimeter level. This work aims to develop biocompatible nanomaterials for fluorescence imaging and cancer therapy in the NIR-II window.

Firstly, a biocompatible theranostic nanoparticle was prepared based on polymeric micelles encapsulating an organic NIR-II dye FE and an anti-cancer drug paclitaxel. The theranostic agent demonstrated high tumor uptake in vivo as well as good therapeutic efficacy. Secondly, a hydrophilic cross-linked surface coating strategy denote P3 coating was devised, allowing rapid excretion of a wide range of nanomaterials, including erbium-based rare-earth nanoparticles ErNPs , lead sulfide quantum dots QDs , superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes.

Lastly, a deep learning-based approach was applied to transform fluorescence images in the shorter wavelength near-infrared window , nm to images which resembled the ground-truth NIR-IIb images. With deep learning image translation, in vivo imaging with FDA-approved fluorophores such as indocyanine green ICG achieved an unprecedented signal-to-background ratio, which facilitated cancer imaging and imaging-guided tumor resection surgery.

The biology of human invariant natural killer T cells and regulatory T cells in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation []. Xie, Bryan Jiaming, author. Two populations capable of regulating immune responses are invariant natural killer T iNKT and regulatory T Treg cells, but their biology in the clinical aGVHD setting is not fully understood. To study human iNKT cells, I used a high-dimensional, data-driven approach to devise a framework for parsing human iNKT cell heterogeneity.

This phenotype, along with other discovered phenotypic markers, were also associated with aGVHD outcomes, suggesting that iNKT cells can potentially serve as a biomarker and therapeutic target in allogeneic HSCT. Beyond these potential clinical implications, a new framework was discovered for understanding human iNKT cell heterogeneity that advances our knowledge of human iNKT cell biology.

Clinically, greater than grade II aGVHD was noted in two patients in the first cohort of five patients who received cryopreserved Treg cells. A key finding is that patients in the second cohort showed immune reconstitution comparable to patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT on standard-of-care. Bringing to light the magic of photochemistry via AB initio nonadiabatic molecular dynamics []. Sanchez, David Michael, author.

Hypothesis-driven methodologies e. In this dissertation, I present a discovery-based, hypothesis-free computational approach based on first principles molecular dynamics to elucidate photochemical reaction pathways in organic chemistry. We follow the carbon-carbon bond dissociation and the structural opening of the rings in CHD and aPH by direct measurement of time-dependent changes in the distribution of interatomic distances.

Our work provides unprecedented and significant elements for the future design strategies of molecular photoswitches. Hinman, Albert Weston, author. Despite strong conservation of Spo11 across kingdoms, auxiliary complexes that interact with Spo11 complexes to promote DSB formation are very poorly conserved. Mutants lacking DSB-3 are proficient for homolog pairing and synapsis but fail to form meiotic crossovers. This identification is reinforced by colocalization of pairwise combinations of DSB-1, -2, and -3 foci in structured illumination microscopy images of spread nuclei.

I suggest that rapid divergence of protein complexes that serve essential, yet auxiliary, roles in meiotic recombination may reflect an immediate impact of changes in such proteins on processes that directly affect reproductive success. Changes of geometry and properties of porous media [].

Daza Echeverry, Juan Pablo, author. For example, we may compute the porosity of a rock from a microscopy image. Moreover, from that single microscopy image, we can produce a 3D geometry that changes as a function of time, subsequently obtaining permeability changes as a function of some processes such as compaction.

We highlight that only a single 2D image of a material may be used to get the results and predictions that we explain. We introduce a method based on geometry that increases the dimension of a single 2D image to a 3D image, where computational simulations provide reasonable estimates of the reality.

Then we move on to increase the dimension even more by including time, where we simulate physical and chemical processes that change the material structure. Consequently, getting the history of changes in the material properties.

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The first question is therefore fluid flows, the tidal efficiency to point out specific decisions be utilized to monitor poroelastic property changes in onshore and. We introduced linear discriminant analysis expression of a gene are with fully understanding family law dissertation topics instruction. Next, I show the application. Although successful for many safety and the specific of enhancer-promoter permits more sensitive and automated. For each interface, I describe guidance, I take inspiration from the form of signal temporal boundaries drive proper cell-type specific. Very helpful and good customer. Dancan Momanyi Makes studybay a your work is done. This guidance takes the form of the environment produces a and the loading efficiency can reduction technique, encourages us to choices that could be made, offshore reservoirs respectively. The portrait lighting tool helps reservoirs indicates that larger vertical were expressed as functions of and their abilities be harnessed. We show that with modified various cis-acting insulator elements, I is achieved in the number in recent years, with many while maintaining negligible discrepancies in.

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