Within those sections, there are some key elements that a reader—and especially an exam scorer or professor—is always going to expect you to include. To make the most of the body section, you have to know how to support your claim your thesis statement , what evidence and explanations are and when you should use them, and how and when to address opposing viewpoints.
This probably feels like a big deal! The body and conclusion make up most of the essay, right? There are three main areas where you want to focus your energy as you develop a strategy for how to write an argumentative essay: supporting your claim—your thesis statement—in your essay, addressing other viewpoints on your topic, and writing a solid conclusion. Supporting your claim in your thesis statement is where that research comes in handy. Remember your reader?
Evidence can be material from any authoritative and credible outside source that supports your position on your topic. In some cases, evidence can come in the form of photos, video footage, or audio recordings. In other cases, you might be pulling reasons, facts, or statistics from news media articles, public policy, or scholarly books or journals. There are some clues you can look for that indicate whether or not a source is credible , such as whether:.
On some exams, like the AP exams , you may be given pretty strict parameters for what evidence to use and how to use it. You might be given six short readings that all address the same topic, have 15 minutes to read them, then be required to pull material from a minimum of three of the short readings to support your claim in an argumentative essay. When the sources are handed to you like that, be sure to take notes that will help you pick out evidence as you read.
Highlight, underline, put checkmarks in the margins of your exam. Those highlights and check marks might just turn into your quotes, paraphrases, or summaries of evidence in your completed exam essay. Now you know that taking a strategic mindset toward evidence and explanations is critical to grasping how to write an argumentative essay. You never want to just stick some quotes from an article into your paragraph and call it a day.
Instead, you want to comment on the evidence in a way that helps your reader see how it supports the position you stated in your thesis. Understanding how to incorporate evidence and explanations to your advantage is really important. Instead, their evaluation is going to focus on the way you incorporated evidence and explained it in your essay. Opposing viewpoints function kind of like an elephant in the room. In fact, your audience might even buy into an opposing viewpoint and be waiting for you to show them why your viewpoint is better.
But why? Without being too obvious, it might be worth pointing this out when you address the opposition. Great conclusions get your readers to check the "I Agree" box on your entire essay. So much has happened since you stated your thesis in the introduction!
And why waste a whole paragraph—the very last thing your audience is going to read—on just repeating yourself? One thing you want to avoid in your conclusion, though: presenting new supporting points or new evidence. That can just be confusing for your reader. For some aspiring argumentative essay writers, showing is better than telling. Thesis Statement: In order to most effectively protect user data and combat the spread of disinformation, the U. Here we go:. Example Body Paragraph: Data mining has affected a lot of people in recent years.
Facebook has 2. In fact, Mark Zuckerberg himself supports adopting a global framework for privacy and data protection, which would protect more users than before. Ask yourself: does this make a claim that some people might agree with, but others might disagree with? The answer is yes. Also, there are definitely good, reliable sources out there that will help this writer prove their argument.
So this paper is off to a strong start! The topic sentence should make a point that gets right at that, instead of throwing out a random fact about data mining. For example, it would be a great idea to include exactly what Mark Zuckerberg said!
This paragraph is a bit better than the first one, but it still needs some work. The reader already knows that mining user data is a big issue, so the topic sentence would be a great place to make a point about why more stringent government regulations would most effectively protect user data. Example Body Paragraph: Though Facebook claims to be implementing company policies that will protect user data and stop the spread of misinformation , its attempts have been unsuccessful compared to those made by the federal government.
First, the topic sentences get to the point. It gives a clear reason why our claim in favor of more stringent government regulations is a good claim : because Facebook has failed to self-regulate its practices.
This paragraph also provides strong evidence and specific examples that support the point made in the topic sentence. Perhaps most importantly, though, this writer explains why the evidence is important. The bold sentence in the example is where the writer links the evidence back to their opinion. In this case, they explain that the pressure from Federal Trade Commission and Congress—and the threat of regulation—have helped change Facebook for the better.
Like in this example paragraph, you just have to effectively develop your position by appropriately and convincingly relying on evidence from good sources. This is all great information, right? This tip applies to every aspect of writing an argumentative essay. Define your position clearly in your thesis statement and stick to that position!
The thesis is the backbone of your paper, and every paragraph should help prove your thesis in one way or another. Nothing is as powerful as good, strong evidence. Then you can paraphrase, briefly summarize, or quote from your sources as you incorporate them into your paragraphs. Keep in mind that argumentative essays are just one type of essay you might encounter.
But what about admissions essays? Not only do we have comprehensive guides to the Coalition App and Common App essays, we also have tons of individual college application guides, too. You can search through all of our college-specific posts by clicking here. As a content writer for PrepScholar, Ashley is passionate about giving college-bound students the in-depth information they need to get into the school of their dreams.
Our new student and parent forum, at ExpertHub. See how other students and parents are navigating high school, college, and the college admissions process. Ask questions; get answers. How to Get a Perfect , by a Perfect Scorer. Score on SAT Math. Score on SAT Reading. Score on SAT Writing. What ACT target score should you be aiming for?
Part 1: Claim. A claim is a statement you make to support your argument. Applying sin tax to products based on the amount of sugar will directly reduce the excessive consumption of heavily sugary products amongst consumers. Every claim made should be supported by relevant evidence and explanation of how that evidence supports your claim. This is where you insert the findings of your research from credible sources. Example: Case study of where sin tax resulted in lower consumption.
The measure imposes a tax of one cent per ounce on the distributors of specified sugar-sweetened beverages such as soda, sports drinks, energy drinks, and sweetened iced teas. Part 3: Tie-back to thesis. This demonstrates that imposing a sin tax on sugary drinks is one way to reduce the consumption of sugar-based products.
A ssuming that your thesis is about reducing consumption of sugary products and ways to do it. A good argumentative essay will also have paragraphs that address counterarguments. This demonstrates your knowledge of the topic and awareness of existing opposing arguments, which will impress most readers. However, if you are writing at the university level, this will almost always be expected of you. Conclusion: Summarising and Closing with Impact. The conclusion summarises your thesis statement and main arguments and tries to convince the reader that your argument is the most valid.
Here are some ideas on how to conclude your essay:. Once you are done with your conclusion, a good idea might be to go back to your introduction and see if you want to make any changes to it. This will definitely improve the flow of your essay. Yup, the part that most dread after triumphantly finishing their essay, reading all of it! But proofread you must! Here are a few aspects to pay attention to while you proofread:.
Get essay writing tips from educators and offers from partners sent directly to your inbox regularly. What is an argumentative essay? What makes a good argumentative essay? How can you get a good grade on your argumentative essay? Let us answer all your questions about argumentative essays for you!
What steps do you need to take to write an argumentative essay? What is the structure of an argumentative essay? What's an Argumentative Essay?
Here are some samples using the topic of diet and obesity:. Question: How do I start an argumentive essay on the topic "Americans must realize that happiness does not lie solely in consuming stuff. Answer: Start your paper with statistics or stories about people buying things at Christmastime.
Perhaps you can use a "Black Friday" sale story or vivid picture as an opening illustration. Answer: I have been teaching my students how to add headings to all of their essays over the past five years because I think most of their writing for their careers will be in online environments.
As anyone who does a Google search knows, being able to scan the headings of an article is very helpful so that you can figure out whether that article answers the question you are asking. Additionally, scanning headings if they are written correctly allows you to understand the main point of the article quickly and also to find the part you are most interested in reading.
You can make headings by making a short version of your topic sentence in each paragraph. Generally, the shorter, the better. What I have found is that when my students use headings in their papers, it helps them to actually organize and write their information more clearly because making the headings helps them to realize their main points.
If you've done a good job on your headings, a person should be able to read the title of your paper and all the headings and have a good grasp on what your article is about. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Answer: You can get the reader's attention by telling a real story about someone who committed a crime that would deserve the death penalty.
Or if you want to say that we should not have the death penalty, start with the story of someone who was wrongly convicted of a crime they did not commit. Then at the end of the story ask your question. Your answer to that question is your thesis. Question: How do I start the introduction of my argumentative essay on the topic of "environment as the most influential factor of why an individual becomes a shallow person? Answer: Tell the story of one or more people that illustrate the type of person you are talking about.
It would be best if these are real people your readers would know. Then ask the question: Does the home environment cause a person to become shallow or not? Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "Does love lead to happiness? Answer: Start with a story of a situation which would lead someone to ask that question.
Then say the question and your answer which is your thesis. Question: Where can I find information about United States students versus students of other countries? Answer: To get facts and statistics, you can go to the U. Department of Education website and look up the information you'd like to know. You can look up information from other countries on the Education sections of their government websites.
Question: How do I start an argumentative essay with the quote: "It is a grand mistake to think of being great without goodness, and I pronounce it as certain that there was never a truly great man that was not at the same time truly virtuous. Answer: Assuming that your assignment is to argue about this quote, whether it is true or not, I think it the best way to start is simply to say your thesis as you quote and then use the second sentence to rephrase the quote in your own words.
The rest of the introduction can tell what you would like to do in the rest of the paper to prove this quote. I don't know who said it, but if you do, it would be appropriate to make a note of that when you include the quote. For example, if you want to agree with this quote, you could say:.
John Jones spoke the truth when he said, "It is a grand mistake to think of being great without goodness, and I pronounce it as certain that there was never a great man that was not at the same time truly virtuous.
Answer: Argumentative writing is trying to persuade someone about your point of view. It is not really like having an argument or fighting with someone. Instead, the idea is that you would present your point of view on the subject in a way that makes other people think you are right, or at least that you have good reasons for believing the way you do. Argumentative writing is usually done for the following 5 types of claims:.
Question: My argumentative research is about the negative impacts of social media on children. My question is, should my supporting ideas be about these negative effects or solutions for avoiding them? Answer: It depends on whether you are writing an argument or a problem solution essay. You can argue for the position that social media has a negative impact and then give examples to persuade people that you are right. In that case, you concluding paragraph could suggest some solutions.
Alternatively, if you want to focus on a solution to the problem, you can use the examples in the introduction and then use the question, "How do we prevent the negative impact of social media on children? If you have a lot of ideas for preventing the problem, the second essay would probably be a better one. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on a current political topic? For example, I'm doing the topic "analyze sectarianism as a political opportunity in the emergence of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria?
Answer: The best way to start an essay on a current political topic is to give a background of the situation, or tell a story of a situation which illustrates the point you want to discuss. Question: How can I write a thesis statement for my argumentative essay?
My topic question is "Can disabled people achieve success in their life? Answer: Your thesis sentence will be the answer to your question, but it also should include the reasons for that answer to be a full thesis "roadmap" for the rest of your paper. For example: Disabled people can achieve success in their life if they have supportive families, focus on what they can do rather than what they can't, and ignore people who try to discourage them.
Answer: Both ways can be appropriate. What is most important is that you don't just "drop" the quote on the audience and expect them to understand the point and relevance of your quotation. Use the quotation to make a point and explain why you are using it.
Answer: Start with a real story about someone suffering. It can be a story you read about on the news or something you've experienced or seen yourself. You could even give several stories in a sentence or two each. Then end with the question: What does suffering do? Your answer to the question is your thesis. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic, "Marijuana and the effects on youth? Answer: Start either with information about the current legalization of marijuana, or evidence of problems it has on youth, or statistics about increasing use of marijuana by youth today.
Question: How do I go about writing an argument essay about extended rear facing car seats? I am for ERF, I am just unsure how to make it an argument essay? Answer: You need a topic question and then your thesis will be the topic answer that will help you develop your essay.
Your topic question could be, "Are extended rear facing car seats a good choice for parents? Question: How do I start an argumentative essay with the topic "Parents are to be blamed for human trafficking in children? Answer: Start by formulating a question which has more than one answer. Your statement above would be one of the possible answers. Possible questions would be:. Then start your essay with a story of a child real or imagined who is trafficked by their parents. Next tell the statistics of trafficking of children.
End that first paragraph or it might take 2 paragraphs depending on how much information you have with the question above. The next paragraph should tell some of the possible answers that other people might give, and then tell your answer in a sentence something like this:. Answer: You can bring your reader into your argument by stating questions that your reader might have and then answering those questions.
You also bring the reader in by having vivid, interesting examples and stories. Finally, you can bring your reader into the argument by giving real-life examples that would make the reader think your ideas are relevant and interesting. Question: How about this topic for an essay: My toddler Is resisting bedtime and naps.
What can I do? Answer: Your question is a kind of argumentative essay called a problem solution essay. That kind of essay requires you to describe the problem, talk about the different ways to solve that problem that people have tried before and suggest the best possible solution in this situation. Generally, essays are written to help other people and not just yourself; however, many people have this problem and if you are experiencing it with your own child, it can be very helpful to research and find out the variety of solutions that other people have tried.
If you have time, it might be interesting to try some of those solutions. If so, your conclusion can be what you discovered in trying the different techniques. Answer: You start a thesis by asking a question. On gun control, you can ask any of the following:. Once you have the question you want to ask, you write the thesis by answering that question. Question: I have to write an argumentative essay on ugly produce being the answer to hunger. Can you help? Answer: You have the answer to your question.
Here are some thesis questions to help you:. Question: How do I start the argumentative essay on the topic "Why have hut houses faded in Micronesia? Answer: You can start with a conversation between an older person and a younger person. The older person could bemoan the fact that the hut houses are fading and the younger person could be asking what it was like before. Then you could end with your question and your thesis. Question: How can I write an argument essay on the topic "Should shark netting be used on coastal beaches?
Answer: Start with the recent shark sightings and attack on the East Coast of the U. Give a vivid description and talk about how this has made people feel about the situation. Then end the first paragraph with your question. The rest of the article should be the answer to that question. Question: How do I pursue readers to believe that the kiss of an enemy is better than a bite of a friend? Answer: Use a lot of examples from real life, from history, from movies and T.
Good, specific and interesting examples from a variety of sources are always persuasive. Question: What will be a strong thesis statement for the topic "Identity and Culture? Answer: Start with a thesis question and then your answer to that question will be the thesis that guides your paper. Your reasons for that answer are the topic sentences that form the body of the paper. Here are some thesis questions on your topic of identity and culture:. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on the topic of having children?
Answer: If you question is whether people should have children, you can start with a couple having a discussion or argument about that topic. Then you can give statistics on childbirth and people being raised by one or two parents. Question: How do I write a topic sentence for an argumentative essay on the subject "Year Round vs. Traditional Schooling"? Question: How I do I start an argumentative essay on why women should join peace talks?
Answer: I always suggest that people start an essay with something that illustrates the topic vividly and gets the reader interested. So you can start an essay with a real-life story, something from the news, an example you made up, a conversation or even interesting statistics and questions. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on "college career and success in Nigeria?
Answer: Begin with a typical story, or your own story, about deciding whether to go to college or a story about the difficulties of doing well in college studies. End your story with one of the following questions which one depends on the focus of your topic :. Your answer to this question is your thesis and the reasons for that answer are the topic sentences in the body of your essay.
Question: How would I start an argumentative essay on a pair of athletic shoes that were awful? Answer: I love this question because I had Olympic runner Trayvon Bromell in my class a few years ago and he wrote an essay about Nike shoes being the best he was endorsing Nike at that time. He so convinced me that I switched from my New Balance to Nike shoes. A few months later, I began having foot pain. It took a while for me to realize the shoes were the cause.
I went back to the same NB model I'd been wearing since and the pain eventually went away. Later, I found out that Trayvon had switched to endorsing NB! If I were writing an essay on this topic, I would probably start with a story about what convinced me to buy those new shoes, or how I imagined those shoes would enhance my life! Question: How do I conclude an argumentative essay on "There has been a rising voice for Nobel committees to consider gender diversity in addition to work quality when nominating scientists.
Answer: You would conclude with your final opinion, your answer to this question. Question: I learned that in every argumentative essay, you begin by opening up the topic. How do we open up a topic in an argumentative essay? Answer: You open up a topic by giving an example such as a story, a real-life situation, a conversation about the issue, a vivid description of the problem, statistics about the issue, or a personal example.
Question: How do I start an argumentative essay on indigenous writing and how it can help develop indigenous sovereignty? Answer: The best way to start an argumentative essay that proposes to suggest a solution, such as the idea of promoting indigenous writing to create political change, is to give a story about how that can happen or to give a story about the problem.
Adding some facts or statistics to that is also helpful to show the scope of the problem. Question: How do I start an argumentative essay with the topic, "I need to eat food that is nutritionally balanced and healthy, but fast food is not? Answer: Start with either a description of a healthy diet, an argument between two people about what is healthy eating, some descriptions in fast food advertisements about their "healthy food," or a personal story about trying to eat well.
Answer: First of all, you need to turn the topic idea into a question that can be answered in more than one way. Then your answer to the question will be the thesis of your argument essay. The reasons for that answer are your topic sentences. Firstly, best website that has helpful article and explain the procedure step by step.
This website is the best. Firstly, let me thank you for sharing such a helpful article. It is really nice and clear, but i was thinking if you added a written example of argumentative essay it would be more effective. Thanks again! This article has totally helped me study for my English exam. I read this article the night before my exam and took notes and it really helped me study as me English teacher had not taken this but had said that it would be a part of the exam.
Thank you so much for this informative article. I've been writing argumentative essays without realizing it, but this article really tells how to perfect my craft, thank you very much. Hi Anna- if you have an opinion on that topic, then you have an "argument. If everyone agrees on a topic, then it really isn't a good one to do an essay about.
For example, the topic: "There are more people living in China than in the U. However, you could write an article about: Why are there more people in China than in other countries? Very informative piece of work, thanks being simple and Precise. After reading through the article I find myself able to formulate a good thesis statement. Nice article to write the argument essay for academic students.
It helps to improve the writing skills for the students. Thanks for sharing. Hi Lee, you have a good question to start from. You will have to first decide on your answer to that question and the reasons for your answer. The answer is your thesis and the reasons are the basis of your topic sentences and the body of the paper.
For your conclusion it would be a good idea to tell the reader what you believe they ought to think or do about the topic. How do i write an argumentative essay on the question "do you agree or disagree that town planning is influenced by the environmental challenges".
Hi Elizabeth, you should probably start with the story of an accident caused by this and then end give some statistics about the number of accidents caused by people cutting in front without signaling, or something like that. Then end that introduction with the question: Should it be illegal for drivers to cut in? Your answer to that question is the thesis and your reasons for the answer are your topic sentences.
Is there any advice you can give me? Hi Wyatt, These methods of persuasion have helped me by teaching me to look carefully at the position of the other side. That enables me to make arguments that are meaningful to other people and also helps me to be sure of what I really do believe.
I hope these help you too! I was just curious how successful was the methods described in the article been for you personally? What were some of your successes and failures in persuading others? What have you learned from those experiences? Hi Haaris! It is very hard to write a full essay in just 20 minutes. What I suggest is that you start by writing a brief outline. Turn the topic into a question. Answer the question that is your thesis statement. Then write 3 reasons or supports for that thesis you can jot down examples you will use to support those.
As you look over a list of topics , find one that really piques your interest, as you'll be more successful if you're passionate about your topic. Once you have selected a topic you feel strongly about, make a list of points for both sides of the argument. When shaping an argument you'll have to explain why your belief is reasonable and logical, so list points you can use as evidence for or against an issue.
Ultimately, determine your side of the argument and make sure you can back up your point of view with reasoning and evidence. Work against the opposing point of view and prove why your stance is correct. One of your essay's first objectives will be to assess both sides of your issue. Consider strong arguments for both your side, as well as the "other" side—in order to shoot their statements down. Provide evidence without drama; sticking to the facts and clear examples that support your stance.
You may look for research that provides statistics on your topic that support your reasoning, as well as examples of how your topic impacts people, animals, or even the Earth. Interviewing experts on your topic can also help you structure a compelling argument. Once you've given yourself a solid foundation of information, begin to craft your essay. An argument essay, as with all essays, should contain three parts: the introduction , the body, and the conclusion.
The length of paragraphs in these parts will vary depending on the length of your essay assignment. As in any essay, the first paragraph of your argument essay should introduce the topic with a brief explanation of your topic, some background information, and a thesis statement. In this case, your thesis is a statement of your position on a specific controversial topic.
The body of your essay should contain the meat of your argument. Go into more detail about the two sides of your topic and state the strongest points of the counter-side of your issue. After describing the "other" side, present your own viewpoint and then provide evidence to show why your position is the correct one.
Work to discredit the other side using some of the information you discovered in your research. Choose your strongest evidence and present your points one by one. Use a mix of evidence, from statistics to other studies and anecdotal stories. A strong conclusion can help summarize your point of view and reinforce with your reader why your stance is the best option.
You might consider reserving one overwhelmingly shocking statistic for the conclusion, one that leaves no room for doubt in your reader's mind. At the very least, use this final paragraph or two as an opportunity to restate your position as the most sensible one.